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Merab
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
King Saul’s eldest daughter, whom Saul promised in marriage to David but instead gave to Adriel (1 Sam 18:17–19; 14:49; 2 Sam 21:8). Greek accounts such as the Septuagint (specifically Codex Vaticanus) and Josephus’ Antiquities are missing this episode, indicating it may be a secondary account. The Masoretic Text of 2 Sam 21:8 has Michal as the wife of Adriel instead of Merab (see e.g., NKJV, LEB); however, this instance may simply be a scribal error.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Merab, Daughter of Saul
Merab, Daughter of Saul (מֵרַב‎, merav). King Saul’s eldest daughter, whom Saul promised in marriage to David but instead gave to Adriel (1 Sam 18:17–19; 14:49; 2 Sam 21:8). Greek accounts such as the Septuagint (specifically Codex Vaticanus) and Josephus’ Antiquities are missing this episode, indicating
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Merab (Person)
MERAB (PERSON) [Heb mērab (מֵרַב)]. The eldest daughter of Saul, king of Israel (1 Sam 14:49) and wife of Adriel the Meholathite (1 Sam 18:19). Merab is introduced in a genealogical note concerning Saul (1 Sam 14:49–52). She is listed fourth in a series of five offspring (following her brothers—Jonathan,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Merab
Merab. Eldest of Saul’s two daughters (1 Sm 14:49), who was promised as a wife to David (1 Sm 18:17, 18). Saul unexplainedly did not keep the agreement (v 19), instead giving David Michal. Textual and contextual evidence suggests a correction from Michal (Hebrew text) to Merab (rsv) in 2 Samuel 21:8.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Merab
Merab mḕrab [Heb mēraḇ—‘increase’]. The eldest daughter of Saul (1 S. 14:49), promised to the man who would kill Goliath (17:25). Although David fulfilled the requirement, no marriage followed. Some time later (18:17) David was again promised her hand if he again defeated the Philistines, though
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Merab
MERAB Eldest of Saul’s two daughters (1 Sm 14:49), who was promised as a wife to David (18:17–18). Saul unexplainedly did not keep the agreement, instead giving him Michal.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Merab
Merab (mee´rab; Heb., “growth, increase”), the elder of Saul’s two daughters (1 Sam. 14:49) whom Saul promised to David for fighting the Philistines, expecting that he would be killed in battle. When David returned, Merab had already been given to Adriel. Later, David gave five sons that Merab bore to
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Merab
MERAB. The elder daughter of Saul. According to the report in camp (1 Sam 17:25), the king’s daughter would be given to the hero who killed Goliath. This seems not to have happened, but Saul did promise David that he would give him Merab as his wife if he would continue to fight valiantly against the
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Merab
MERAB. Saul’s elder daughter (1 Sa. 14:49). She was promised to David but given instead to Adriel, the Meholathite (1 Sa. 18:17–20), an incident the lxx omits. Many scholars substitute Merab for Michal in 2 Sa. 21:8, regarding it as an ancient scribal error, saying that after her death her sons were
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Merab
Merab (Heb. mēraḇ)The elder daughter of Saul (1 Sam. 14:49), whom he promised to David but then gave to Adriel the Meholathite (18:17–19). The five sons of Adriel and Merab were handed over by David to the Gibeonites to be hung (2 Sam. 21:8–9; some MSS read “Michal”).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Merab
Merab [mēˊrăb] (Heb. mēraḇ). A daughter of Saul (1 Sam. 14:49), whom he promised to David but then gave to Adriel the Meholathite (18:17–19). The five sons of Adriel and Merab were handed over by David to the Gibeonites to be hung (2 Sam. 21:8–9; KJV “Michal,” following most MT MSS).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Merab
MERAB The eldest daughter of Saul, king of Israel (1 Sam 14:49). She was promised initially to David, but she was then married to Adriel the Meholathite (1 Sam 18:17–19) as Saul became increasingly threatened by David. Breaking the promise to David was a grievous insult.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Merab
Me´rab (increase), the eldest daughter of King Saul. 1 Sam. 14:49. In accordance with the promise which he made before the engagement with Goliath, ch. 17:25, Saul betrothed Merab to David. ch. 18:17. Before the marriage Merab’s younger sister Michal had displayed her attachment for David, and Merab
See also
Relatives
Saul Father
Barzillai Father-In-Law
Jonathan Brother
Ish-bosheth Brother
Mephibosheth Brother
Abinadab Brother
Armoni Brother
Malchi-shua Brother
Ishvi Brother
Michal Sister
Adriel Husband
Kish Grandfather
Mephibosheth Nephew