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Menelaus
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Menelaus
Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos). The high priest in Jerusalem from around 171–161 bc.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Menelaus (Person)
MENELAUS (PERSON) [Gk Menelaos (Μενελαος)]. One of three brothers who belonged to the priestly order of Bilgah at the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (as indicated by an improved reading of 2 Macc 3:4). Menelaus thus belonged to an important family which was striving to promote its status among the Jewish
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Menelaus
Menelaus mēnʹə-lā̀əs [Gk Menelaos]. Brother of Simon, the captain of the temple, from the tribe of Benjamin. He unscrupulously bought the office of high priest from Antiochus Epiphanes, the king of Syria, and through bribes and cunning behavior retained his position for nearly a decade. Josephus probably
Onias (Menelaus)
5. Onias, a high priest. Also known as Menelaus, he usurped the office of high priest from Jason by buying it from Antiochus IV (2 Macc. 4:23–26). In 2 Macc. 4:23 Jason and Onias III are identified as brothers; and Menelaus and Simon, the temple captain, are called brothers in 4:7. Josephus, however,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Menelaus
MENELAUS It is thought that this conscienceless, conniving high priest was the leader of the Jewish supporters of the Seleucid kings during the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Second Maccabees 4:23–50 relates the story of how Menelaus outbid Jason for the priesthood by paying Antiochus 300 talents of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Menelaus
Menelaus (Gk. Menélaos)High priest (ca. 172 to 162 b.c.e.) during the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. A Hellenist extremist firmly against the Zadokite interpretation of Judaism, Menelaus was from a new priestly line rather than from the legitimate ancestral line of the Zadokite priesthood. Although
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Menelaus
Menelaus [mĕnˊə lāˊəs] (Gk. Menelaos). High priest in Jerusalem from 171 B.C. Jason, the previous holder of the office, had bought it from the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes, thus supplanting his brother Onias lII (ca. 174 B.C.), and had begun the radical hellenization of Jerusalem (2 Macc.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Menelaus
MENELAUS High priest in Jerusalem from 172 to 162 b.c. He was named to the office by Antiochus IV Epiphanes (see Seleucids). Initially a supporter of Jason—who obtained the high priesthood by bribing the Seleucid king (2 Macc 4:7–9)—Menelaus was sent by Jason on a mission to deliver the monies promised
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MENELAUS
MENELAUS<men-e-la’-us> ([Μενέλαος, Menelaos]): According to the less likely account of Josephus (Ant., XII, v, 1; XV, iii, 1; XX, x, 3), Menelaus was a brother of Jason and Onias III, and his name was really Onias. But it is very unlikely that there should be two brothers of the same name. The account
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
MENELA′US (Μενέλαος)
MENELA′US (Μενέλαος), historical. 1. Father of Amyntas II., king of Macedonia, and grandfather of Philip of Macedon, according to Justin (vii. 4) and Aelian (V. H. xii. 43).* But there is much discrepancy on this point: Dexippus (ap. Syncell. p. 263, a.) calls the father of Amyntas Arrhidaeus; and Diodorus
MENELA′US (Μενέλαος)
MENELA′US (Μενέλαος), literary. 1. Of Anaea in Caria, is called by Stephanus Byzantinus (s. v. Ἀναία) a peripatetic philosopher, and a great historian, but is otherwise unknown.2. Of Maratho in Phoenicia, a Greek rhetorician, whose assistance C. Sempronius Gracchus was said to have used in composing
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
Menelaus
Menelaus men’uh-lay’uhs (Μενέλαος). A brother of Simon the Benjamite (2 Macc. 4:23) who usurped the high priesthood in the Maccabean era (Josephus, in Ant. 12.5.1, unreliably identifies Menelaus as brother of Jason and Onias III). In the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes, Menelaus was sent by the high priest
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Menelaus
MENELAUS, men-ē̇-lāʹus (Μενέλαος, Menélaos): According to the less likely account of Jos (Ant, XII, v, 1; XV, iii, 1; XX, x, 3), Menelaus was a brother of Jason and Onias III, and his name was really Onias. But it is very unlikely that there should be two brothers of the same name. The account of
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Menelaus
Menelaus [men-uh--us] (Μενέλαος, Greek form of Hebrew מנחם‎ [Menahem], “Comforter”): a corrupt high priest during the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (2 Macc. 13:3)
Menelaus
MenelausHigh in the ranks of biblical scoundrels is Menelaus, the high priest during the reign of the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes.The Seleucids, descendants of one of Alexander the Great’s generals, had become the rulers of most of the Middle East, including Judea. Menelaus was a Benjaminite
See also
Relatives
Simon Brother
Lysimachus Brother
Roles