Peter the Apostle (Πέτρος, Petros). An apostle of Jesus Christ and one of the three named pillars of the early church in Jerusalem. Peter was the first Christian missionary to the Gentiles, a Christian missionary to the Jews, and a Christian martyr in Rome. Also called Cephas.
CORNELIUS (PERSON) [Gk Kornēlios (Κορνηλιος)]. According to the book of Acts, Cornelius is the first gentile to become a convert to Christianity (Acts 10:1–11:18, cf. 15:6–11). Although the episode occupies a significant place in Luke-Acts, Luke conveys little information about the man himself. Study
SIMEON (PERSON) [Heb šimʿôn (שִׁמְעֹון)]. SIMEONITE. 1. The second son of Leah and Jacob and the full brother of Reuben, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. Simeon is also the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory is found within the S limits of Judah. The etymology is obscure, but
SIMON (PERSON) [Gk Simōn (Σιμων)]. The name of a number of persons mentioned both in the Apocryphal literature of the OT as well as in the NT.1. Simon Chosamaeus (Gk Chosamaios), who provided a list of those who were found to have married foreign wives (1 Esdr 9:32; cf. Shimeon in Ezra 10:31).2. Simon
Cornelius. Roman centurion and the first gentile Christian mentioned in the Book of Acts.The story of Cornelius’ conversion through the preaching of the apostle Peter is recorded in Acts 10:1–11:18. Before his conversion Cornelius was well known to the Jews as a person who feared God, prayed continually,
Peter, The Apostle. One of Jesus’ 12 disciples who rose to preeminence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards. There are actually four forms of his name in the NT: the Hebrew/Greek Simeon/Simon and the Aramaic/Greek Cephas/Petros. His given name was Simon bar-Jonah
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Corneliuskôr-nēlʹyəs [Gk. Kornēlios (Latin)]. A Roman centurion converted by Peter after both had seen divine visions (Acts 10:1–11:18), the first Gentile known to become a Christian.The name is Roman and belonged to distinguished families in the imperial city, such as the Scipios and Sulla. Thus
Peter [Gk. Petros, for Kēphas < Aram kêp̱āʾ]. A disciple of Jesus and apostle of the early Church.The NT literature gives prominent place to Peter, whose life and ministry fall conveniently into the three categories indicated by O. Cullmann’s comprehensive study, Peter: Disciple-Apostle-Martyr.
CORNELIUS Roman centurion and the first gentile Christian mentioned in the book of Acts.The story of Cornelius’s conversion through the preaching of the apostle Peter is recorded in Acts 10:1–11:18. Before his conversion, Cornelius was well known to the Jews as a person who feared God, prayed continually,
PETER, THE APOSTLE One of the 12 disciples; rose to prominence both among the disciples during Jesus’ ministry and among the apostles afterwards.There are actually four forms of Peter’s name in the New Testament: the Hebrew translated into Greek, “Simeon” to “Simon,” and the Aramaic translated into
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Cornelius (kor-neel´yuhs), a Roman centurion stationed in Caesarea. The story of how he heard the gospel, was filled with the Holy Spirit, and baptized by Peter is told in Acts 10 and then retold, by Peter, in Acts 11:1–18. An additional allusion to him is made in Acts 15:5–7. The repetition of his story
Peterpeter was a galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. His given name was Simon, but Jesus bestowed upon him the nickname “Peter” (GK., “rock”; Matt. 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:14). He is sometimes referred to as Cephas, the Aramaic version of that name, which Jesus would no doubt have actually
Simeon (sim´ee-uhn; Heb., “to hear”).1 The second son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:33). Simeon and his brother Levi massacred the men of Shechem to avenge the rape of their sister, Dinah (Gen. 34, recalled in Jth. 9:1–4). Simeon was later held hostage in Egypt when Joseph sent the other brothers back
Simon (si´muhn).1 Simon Maccabeus, the son of Mattathias Hashmon and ruler of Judea 142–134 bce. Following in the tradition of his brothers Judas Maccabeus and Jonathan, he led the Jewish forces against the Seleucids and won independence for Judea, establishing the Hasmonean dynasty, which would endure
CORNELIUS. This man is of particular significance in two ways: he is the first recorded Gentile convert to Christianity; and the story of his conversion is told twice. Apart from the threefold repetition of Saul’s epochal conversion, this is unique in Acts. The conversion of Cornelius is related in Acts
PETER. One of the earliest and most prominent disciples of Jesus. Several names are given him: the Heb. name Simeon (Acts 15:14) and Gr. Simon, after a son of Jacob whose descendants became one of the tribes of Israel; Cephas (Jn 1:43) and Peter, both meaning “rock.” SeeSimeon; Simon; Cephas.Origin
CORNELIUS. In Acts 10:1ff. a Roman centurion of Caesarea in Palestine, one of the class of Gentiles known as ‘God-fearers’ because of their attachment to Jewish religious practices, such as almsgiving and prayer, for which Cornelius receives special mention. Cornelius was a common nomen in the Roman
Cornelius (Gk. Kornḗlios)A centurion of the Roman army stationed in Caesarea Maritima, the seat of Roman imperial rule in Palestine. Cornelius appears as the first gentile convert to Christianity (Acts 10:1–48; 11:1–18; 15:7–9, 13–18). That his conversion is told or alluded to four times in Acts suggests
Peter (Gk. Pétros)Simon bar Jonah, nicknamed Cephas or Peter (Aramaic and Greek for “rock”) by Jesus. Since Simon was a common Jewish name and a number of others are mentioned in the Gospels and Acts, the nickname became the common designation for the man, although the Gospels report Jesus often calling
Simeon (Heb. šimʿôn)1. The second son of Jacob (Gen. 35:23); the eponymous ancestor of the tribe whose territory was within the southern limits of Judah (Josh. 19:1–9). Simeon and his brother Levi exacted treacherous and violent revenge for the rape of their sister Dinah by a local prince called Shechem
Simon (Gk. Sɩ́mon; Heb. šimʿôn)1. Simon, surnamed the Just (Gk. dikaios, also meaning “righteous”), who according to Josephus (Ant. 12.43) succeeded his father Onias in the high priesthood. This places him within the period of Ptolemy I’s rule over Judea (301–282 b.c.e.). A scholion to Megillat Taʿanit
Symeon (Gk. Symên)1. A prophet and teacher in the church at Antioch who was surnamed Niger and may have been, therefore, black (Lat. niger;Acts 13:1 RSV; NRSV “Simeon” ).2. Another name for Simon Peter (Acts 15:14; 2 Pet. 1:1 RSV).
Cornelius [kôr nēlˊyəs] (Gk. Kornēlios). A Roman centurion in charge of the Italian cohort (Acts 10:1) stationed at Caesarea, the administrative center of the Roman government in Palestine. Luke describes him as “a devout man who feared God” (v. 2). Though not a full-fledged proselyte, Cornelius
PeterPaul never refers to the apostle Peter by his original name of Simon (Simōn, as frequently in the Gospels) or Simeon (Symeōn, as in Acts 15:14 and the preferred text of 2 Pet 1:1). Only twice (Gal 2:7, 8) does he use the name Peter (Petros, or “Rock”) given to Simon by Jesus (Mt 16:17–18; Mk
B. Peter and PaulThe title “Acts of the Apostles” was given to the book at least by the second century a.d., but the book focuses chiefly on two main apostles: Peter and Paul. The entire book can, in fact, be divided into two major sections, the first following the leadership of Peter (chaps. 1–12)
CORNELIUS A Roman centurion in charge of the Italian cohort at Caesarea, and the first Gentile to become a convert to Christianity (Acts 10:1–11:18; cf. 15:6–11). Cornelius was “a devout man who feared God with all his household; he gave alms generously to the people and prayed constantly to God” (Acts
PETER (Greek petros, “rock”) Simon Peter, apostle of Jesus Christ, leader of the Twelve, and chief shepherd of the early Christian Church. He is seen and heard frequently in the Gospels and Acts and is the alleged author of two New Testament epistles, 1 and 2 Peter (1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:1).
SIMON The name of a large number of men in the Bible.1. Also Simeon. The second son of Mattathias, the brother of Judas and Jonathan, and a key figure in the Maccabean revolt who established the Hasmonean Dynasty. Also known as Thassi, he was praised as a man “wise in counsel” (1 Macc 2:65) and went