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Memphis
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
City on the west bank of the Nile River 12 miles south of modern Cairo. The site served as the capital and residence of the kings of Egypt during the majority of biblical history and ancient Egyptian history. The name is derived from the Greek Μέμθεως (Memtheōs) in an attempt to pronounce the Egyptian mn-nfr.Prior to the exile (587/6 bc), some Judaeans fled to Egypt and settled in Memphis (Jer 44:1). The location is also the subject of some biblical prophecies (Isa 19:13; Jer 2:16; 46:14, 19; Ezek 30:13, 16; Hos 9:6). In these oracles, Memphis is used to refer to the whole nation of Egypt.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Memphis
Memphis (נֹף‎, noph; מֹף‎, moph). City on the west bank of the Nile River 12 miles south of modern Cairo. The site served as the capital and residence of the kings of Egypt during the majority of biblical history and ancient Egyptian history. The name is derived from the Greek Μέμθεως (Memtheōs) in an
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Memphis (Place)
MEMPHIS (PLACE) [Heb nōp (נֹף‎), mōp (מֹף)]. Throughout most of Egyptian history, the principal residence and capital of the kings of Egypt, referred to in the oracles of several Hebrew prophets (Isa 19:13; Jer 2:16; 46:14, 19; Ezek 30:13; Hos 9:6). Apparently some of the Judeans who fled to Egypt during
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Memphis
Memphis. City located about 15 miles southwest of Cairo, once the sprawling capital of Egypt; now for all practical purposes it does not exist.When the city was founded about 3000 bc, it was known as “White Wall” and was later called Men-nefru-Mine or Menfe in Egyptian. From the latter the Greeks got
Noph
Noph. kjv translation of the Hebrew word for Memphis (Egypt).See Memphis.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Memphis
Memphis memʹfis [Heb. nōp̱ (Isa. 19:13; Jer. 2:16; 44:1; 46:14, 19; Ezk. 30:13), mōp̱ (Hos. 9:6); Gk. Memphis (Jth. 1:10)]; AV, NEB, also NOPH. A northern capital of ancient Egypt.
Noph
Noph nof (AV, NEB, Isa. 19:13; Jer. 2:16; 44:1; 46:14, 19; Ezk. 30:13; AV 30:16). See Memphis.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Memphis
MEMPHIS City located about 15 miles (24.1 kilometers) southwest of Cairo, once the sprawling capital of Egypt; now, for all practical purposes, it does not exist.When the city was founded about 3000 bc, it was known as “White Wall” and was later called Men-nefru- Mine or Menfe in Egyptian. From the
Noph
NOPH* kjv translation of the Hebrew word for Memphis (Egypt). See Memphis.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Memphis
Memphis (mem´fis), an ancient (Old Kingdom, ca. 2700–2200 bce) capital of Egypt, located on the west bank of the Nile about fifteen miles south of modern Cairo, and a prominent political and religious city throughout the pharaonic period (to 605 bce). The Hebrew form of the name is nop (once mop), from
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Memphis
MEMPHIS. The first capital of united Egypt. It was founded by the traditional first king of Egypt, Menes (c. 3200 b.c.), on the W side of the Nile, S of the apex of the Delta and about 20 miles S of modern Cairo. Originally called “The White Wall,” the city was later associated in name with the pyramid
Noph
NOPH. The Heb. name of the Egyptian city Memphis (Hos 9:6), the capital of lower Egypt, located on the W bank of the Nile, S of Cairo. It was probably the capital of the Pharaohs in the time of Joseph and the Exodus. See Memphis.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Memphis
MEMPHIS (Egyp. Mn-nfr; Heb. Mōp̱ and Nōp̱). Situated on the Nile, at about 24 km from the apex of the Delta. It was a foundation of Menes (the White Walls), the pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt. The name Mn-nfr is short for that of the temenos of the pyramid of Pepi (c. 2400 bc). It was the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Memphis
MemphisA capital city of ancient Egypt during much of the Old Kingdom period, located ca. 20 km. (12.5 mi.) S of Cairo on the west side of the Nile near Mītrahīneh and Saqqâra; Egyp. mn-nfr (a name probably derived from that of the pyramid of Pharaoh Pepi I). Foundation of the city as “White Wall” (Egyp.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Memphis
Memphis [mĕmˊfĭs] (Heb. nōp̱, mōp̱; from Egyp. Mn-nfr). The chief city of Lower (northern) Egypt, located at modern Mīt Rahīnah, ca. 19 km. (12 mi.) south of Cairo on the west side of the Nile at the ancient border between Upper and Lower Egypt. The name of the city (lit. “the goodness
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Noph
NOPH One of the most important cities of ancient Egypt, at the head of the Nile Delta. The name Memphis, which means ‘white wall’ or ‘wall’, is preserved in the name of the local citadel, Leukos Teichos as it was known to the Greeks. The Egyptian form of the name was Mn nfrw, which means ‘pharaoh Phiops
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Memphis
MEMPHIS The chief city of ancient Egypt beginning in the Early Dynastic Period in the third millennium b.c. Memphis was located on the west bank of the Nile, approximately thirteen miles south of modern Cairo, and was first established as a royal residence under the kings of the Third Dynasty (ca. 2700–2600