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Matthew
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Matthew the Apostle
Matthew the Apostle An apostle of Christ; identified as a tax collector in the Gospel of Matthew (Matt 9:9). Called Levi in Mark and Luke’s accounts of his call, which parallel the one in Matthew (Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27, 29), and listed as one of the 12 disciples in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and Acts.
Levi, Son of Jacob
Levi, Son of Jacob The third son of Jacob and Leah (Gen 29:34). Took part in violently avenging the rape of his sister Dinah (Gen 34). Became the eponym for the Levites (Gen 35:23–26; Exod 1:2–4; Deut 27:12–13; Ezek 48:31–35; and 1 Chr 2:1–2).
Twelve, the
Twelve, the Twelve, The. A term used in the New Testament to refer to Jesus’ most prominent group of disciples.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Levi (Person)
LEVI (PERSON) [Heb lēwı̂ (לֵוִי)]. The name of 4 people in the Bible. The meaning of the name is uncertain. Popular etymology in the Bible for the name is “to be joined” (Gen 29:34; Num 18:2, 4). More recent suggestions have included “to coil or twist” from Ar lawa, “to borrow” from Heb lwy, “priest”
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE. In the gospel of Mark, the Twelve (hoi dōdeka; anathrous in Mark 3:14) are a group of disciples chosen by Jesus to be his special companions (Mark 3:14; 4:10; 11:11; 14:17). They were particularly instructed by Jesus (Mark 9:35; 10:32) and were sent by him to proclaim the coming of the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Matthew, The Apostle
Matthew, The Apostle. Jew (his name in Hebrew means “gift of Yahweh”), a tax collector of Capernaum (engaged in taxing fishermen like Peter), whom Jesus called into discipleship (Mt 9:9), and later appointed as one of the 12 apostles (10:3). The early church identified the first book of the NT as “the
Levi (Person)
Levi (Person). 1. Jacob’s third son by Leah (Gn 29:34). The etymology of the name is uncertain. Levi’s name is associated with the tragedy at Shechem, where the male inhabitants of the city were ruthlessly murdered when Levi and Simeon sought to avenge the violation of their sister Dinah by Shechem the
Twelve, The
Twelve, The. Designation for the 12 disciples/apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5.See Apostle, Apostleship.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Matthew
Matthew mathʹū [Gk. Matthaios]. One of the twelve apostles.Greek Matthaios is an approximate transliteration of the Aramaic (or Hebrew) mattaʾy or matteyāʿ, abbreviations of mattanyāh or mattiṯyāh. The name derives from the noun mattān, “gift” (< nāṯan, “give”) combined with the name Yāh,
Levi
Levi leʹvī [Heb. lēwî; Gk. Leui]; AV Apoc. also LEVIS (1 Esd. 9:14). In 1 Esd. 9:14 the AV and NEB follow the LXX (kaí Leuis, “and Levi[s]”), but this reading is probably an error for ho Leuitēs, “the Levite” (so RSV; cf. Ezr. 10:15; Neh. 8:7).
Levi
4. Another name for the apostle Matthew (Mk. 2:14 par Lk. 5:27, 29).Bibliography.—A. Cody, History of OT Priesthood (1969); T. J. Meek, Hebrew Origins (rev ed., repr 1960); H. H. Rowley, From Joseph to Joshua (1950); TDNT, IV, s.v. Λευ (ε)ί, Λευ (ε)ίς (Strathmann).G. Pratico
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Matthew (Person)
MATTHEW (Person) Son of Alphaeus; a tax collector by occupation; chosen by Jesus to be one of the 12 apostles; credited with the authorship of the Gospel of Matthew.Matthew is listed in each of the four rosters of the 12 (Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Lk 6:15; Acts 1:13). Aside from these lists, Matthew is mentioned
Levi (Person)
LEVI (Person)1. Jacob’s third son by Leah (Gn 29:34). The etymology of the name is uncertain. Levi’s name is associated with the tragedy at Shechem, where the male inhabitants of the city were ruthlessly murdered when Levi and Simeon sought to avenge the violation of their sister Dinah by Shechem the
Twelve, the
TWELVE, THE Designation for the 12 apostles in 1 Corinthians 15:5 and other verses. See Apostle, Apostleship.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Matthew
Matthew (math´yoo), one of the original twelve disciples called by Jesus. Matthew appears in all four of the apostolic lists (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:14–16; Acts 1:13). The tradition of the “call” of Matthew is found in Matt. 9:9, where his occupation at the time of the call is identified
Levi
Levi (lee´vi; Heb., “joined”).1 The third son of Jacob and Leah. Leah gave him the name Levi, because when he was born, she said, “Now my husband will be joined to me, for I have borne him three sons” (Gen. 29:34; cf. 29:20).2 The tribe descended from 1 above. The connection with Leah associated the
Twelve, The
twelve, the, a group chosen by Jesus to accompany him and share his ministry. The twelve are listed in four different places in the nt, but the lists show some variance (Matt. 10:2–4; Mark 3:16–19; Luke 6:13–16; Acts 1:13–14; cf. John 6:70). The most significant difference is that Matthew and Mark both
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Matthew
MATTHEW. One of the 12 apostles whose name occurs seventh in the list in Mk 5:18 and Lk 6:15, but in eighth place in Mt 10:3 and Acts 1:13.Outside the mention of his name in the lists, only two episodes are related of Matthew. The first, his call from his tax office near Capernaum, is the only individual
Levi
LEVI1. The third son born to Leah and Jacob. The word probably is related to the verb lāvāh. “to be joined to.” When the boy was born, Leah declared that perhaps her husband might be disposed to draw even nearer to her (Gen 29:34). The brothers of Levi were Reuben, Simeon, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Matthew
MATTHEW. Matthew appears in all the lists of the twelve apostles (Mt. 10:3; Mk. 3:18; Lk. 6:15; Acts 1:13). In Mt. 10:3 he is further described as ‘the tax-collector’. In Mt. 9:9 Jesus finds him ‘sitting at the tax-office’ and bids him follow him. In the parallel passages in Mark and Luke the tax-collector
Levi
LEVI. The third son of Jacob and Leah (Gn. 29:34). The name (Heb. lēwî is here linked with the root lāwâ (to join), and a play upon this meaning is found in Nu. 18:2, 4.The only detail of his life known to us, apart from those events common to all Jacob’s sons, is his treacherous attack on Shechem
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Matthew
Matthew (Gk. Maththaɩ́os)One of Jesus’ original disciples, named in all the lists of the Twelve (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). In their accounts of his call to become a disciple, Mark and Luke give his name as Levi (Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27). His being a tax collector and the similarity
Levi
Levi (Heb. lēwɩ̂; Gk. Leuɩ́)1. The eponymous ancestor of the tribe of Levi and the Levites; the third son of Jacob by his first wife Leah (Gen. 29:34). At his birth Leah says, “Now this time my husband will be joined to me,” suggesting an etymology for Levi of “to be joined, attached.” This is consistent
Twelve, the
Twelve, theThe central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely on their names (Matt.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Matthew
Matthew [măthˊōō] (Gk. Maththaios, Matthaios, from Heb. mattiṯyâ “gift of Yahweh”). One of the twelve apostles, also called Levi, and traditionally identified as the author of the gospel of Matthew. Matthew is the name given in all of the lists of apostles (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15;
Twelve, the
Twelve, the (Gk. hoi dó̄deka). The central circle of Jesus’ disciples, whom he called to be apostles. The term “the Twelve” appears in all four Gospels (even after the death of Judas at John 20:24; cf. Luke 24:9). Lists of the Twelve in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts agree on the number but not entirely
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Matthew
MATTHEW (Greek form of the Hebrew mattanyāh, “gift of the Lord”) One of the twelve apostles selected by Jesus and traditionally identified as the author of the first Gospel. He appears in lists of the apostles (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13), but he is called a tax collector only in Matt
Levi
LEVI, LEVITES Levi was the third son of Jacob and Leah (Gen 29:34) and the ancestor of the tribe of Levi (Exod 6:16–25; Deut 33:8–11; 1 Chr 6:1–81). For most of biblical history, the tribe of Levi is set apart as the clerical tribe in Israel, entrusted with all matters related to worship and religious
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Matthew, St
Matthew, St, Apostle and Evangelist. His name occurs in all four lists of the 12 Apostles (Mt. 10:3, Mk. 3:18, Lk. 6:15, and Acts 1:13). In Mt. 10:3 he is described as a *publican. The call of Matthew by Christ is recorded in Mt. 9:9 (in the parallel passages in Mk. 2:14 and Lk. 5:27 the name of the
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