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Mary (mother of Jesus)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The virgin birth or virginal conception of Christ attested in Matt 1:18–25 and Luke 1:26–38. While the accounts vary slightly, both Gospels describe Mary as a virgin who became pregnant “from the Holy Spirit” (Matt 1:18 ESV) while betrothed to Joseph.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Jesus, Virgin Birth of
Jesus, Virgin Birth of The virgin birth or virginal conception of Christ attested in Matt 1:18–25 and Luke 1:26–38. While the accounts vary slightly, both Gospels describe Mary as a virgin who became pregnant “from the Holy Spirit” (Matt 1:18 ESV) while betrothed to Joseph.
Mary, Mother of Jesus
Mary, Mother of Jesus (Μαρία, Maria). Virgin mother of Jesus. Beliefs regarding Mary’s theological and historical significance, as well as her role in the incarnation, have developed throughout history. The Old Testament and New Testament are foundational to the various literary and theological platforms
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Mary (Person)
MARY (PERSON) [Gk Maria (Μαρια); Mariam (Μαριαμ)]. The name of six or seven women mentioned in the NT. The name derives from Heb miryām.1. The mother of Jesus. See MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS.2. Mary Magdalene. One of the most prominent of the Galilean women to have followed Jesus. Although none of the
Mary, Mother of Jesus
MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS. Mentioned by name only in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts, the mother of Jesus is a character of some importance in the gospel of John as well (though her name is never given). She appears by implication elsewhere in the NT also, and becomes a figure of increasing attention in the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mary
Mary. Popular feminine name among 1st-century Jews, borne by 6 (or 7) women in the NT.1. Mary, the mother of Jesus. According to the infancy narratives of Matthew and Luke, Mary was a young Jewish virgin, probably from the tribe of Levi (her cousin Elizabeth was a Levite, Lk 1:5, 36), who during her
Virgin Birth of Jesus
Virgin Birth of Jesus. Doctrine, from the birth narratives of Matthew 1 and Luke 1–2, which states that Jesus the Christ was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. This doctrine has been at the heart of discussions involving the person and nature of Christ; the whole concept of the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mary
MARY Popular feminine name among first-century Jews, borne by six (or seven) women in the NT.1. Mary, the mother of Jesus. According to the infancy narratives of Matthew and Luke, Mary was a young Jewish virgin, probably from the tribe of Judah, who during her engagement to Joseph (of Davidic descent
Virgin Birth of Jesus
VIRGIN BIRTH OF JESUS* Doctrine, drawn from the birth narratives of Matthew 1 and Luke 1–2, which states that Jesus Christ was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. The whole concept of the Incarnation (as well as Jesus’ divine and human natures) focuses upon this historical event
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mary
Mary (mair´ee; GK. Maria or Mariam; Heb. marah, “bitter” or “grieved,” or miryam, “rebellion”), a name borne by seven women in the nt, unless two or more are identical.1 Mary, the mother of Jesus. See Mary, Virgin.2 Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus (Luke 10:38–39; John 11:1). She appears
Mary, Virgin
Mary, Virgin, the wife of Joseph, known as “the Virgin” because of her reported virginal conception of Jesus. She is portrayed somewhat negatively in Mark, less so in Matthew, and positively in Luke. She is not mentioned by name in the Gospel of John, though there are several references there to the
Virgin Birth
Virgin Birth, the tradition of Mary’s conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit apart from sexual intercourse, explicitly mentioned in the nt only in the birth stories of Matthew and Luke. In Matt. 1:18–25 it appears as the fulfillment of Isa. 7:14, which indicates that a virgin (Gk. parthenos, used in
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Mary
MARY. This name is found in the NT as Maria or Mariam, Gr. forms of the Heb. name Miriam. In the LXX the name of the sister of Moses appears as Mariam (See Miriam.).1. Mary the mother of JesusBiblical references. The first reference to the mother of the Messiah is the protevangelium in Gen 3:15 indicating
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Mary
MARY. The name appears as Maria or Mariam in the NT. Both are Graecized forms of the Heb. name Miriam, which appears in lxx as Mariam (used of the sister of Moses), and may just possibly be derived from the Egyp. Maryē, ‘beloved’ (but see A. H. Gardiner, JAOS 56, 1936, pp. 194–197). In the NT the name
Virgin Birth
VIRGIN BIRTH. By ‘virgin birth’ Protestants generally mean ‘virginal conception’. Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy believe also in a literal virgin birth, whereby the baby passed out of Mary’s body in such a way as to leave her virginity anatomically unimpaired (virginity in partu, ‘in giving birth’,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Mary
Mary (Gk. Marɩ́a, Mariám)1. Mary the mother of Jesus. Biographical information regarding Mary is limited. According to Luke, her home is the insignificant Galilean village of Nazareth (Luke 1:26), but Matthew places her in Nazareth only after the birth of Jesus (Matt. 2:1, 23). Both Matthew and Luke
Virgin Birth
Virgin BirthThe doctrine drawing on the tradition that, by the power of the Holy Spirit, Mary conceives and bears Jesus apart from sexual intercourse with her husband Joseph.Only two NT texts refer to a virginal conception and birth. In Matt. 1:18–25 Mary discovers she is pregnant “with the child of
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Mary
maryI. Mary, the mother of →Jesus, is mentioned by name only in the four Gospels and once in the Acts of the Apostles. The name, which occurs as Maria or Mariam in the Greek NT, and as Mariamme in Josephus, Ant. 3, 54, corresponds with the Heb name Miriam (cf. Exod 15:20; Num 26:59). Because of Mary’s
Catholic Bible Dictionary
A. Birth, Infancy, and Hidden Years
A. Birth, Infancy, and Hidden YearsAlthough the coming of Jesus is foretold in the Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament (see Messiah), his earthly life properly begins with the angel Gabriel’s Annunciation to Mary that she would bear a son, and that the child’s name would be “Jesus” (Luke 2:26–31;
Mary
MARY The name of several important women in the New Testament; the Greek form is Maria and its Hebrew equivalent is Miriam.1. Mary, Mother of Jesus.2. Mary Magdalene.3. Mary of Bethany, the sister of Martha and Lazarus of Bethany. In Luke 10:38–42, Mary sat at the feet of the Lord while Martha played
Mary, the Mother of Jesus
MARY, THE MOTHER OF JESUS The virgin wife of Joseph of Nazareth and the mother of the Davidic Messiah, Jesus Christ. Having accepted this exalted vocation, she became the ideal model of Christian faith and discipleship (Luke 1:38, 45; 8:21; 11:28). More than any other woman in history, Mary is one for