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Mammon
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Aramaic word that is transliterated into Greek in the New Testament, meaning “wealth,” “money,” “riches,” or even “property.” The word מָמוֹן‎ (mamon) occurs four times in the New Testament, all spoken by Jesus. It is sometimes transliterated in English translations as “mammon” but is also sometimes translated as “money.” The first occurrence of מָמוֹן‎ (mamon) is part of the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 6:24), and the other three are part of the Parable of the Shrewd (or Dishonest) Manager (Luke 16:9, 11, 13).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Mammon
Mammon (מָמוֹן‎, mamon). An Aramaic word that is transliterated into Greek in the New Testament, meaning “wealth,” “money,” “riches,” or even “property.” The word מָמוֹן‎ (mamon) occurs four times in the New Testament, all spoken by Jesus. It is sometimes transliterated in English translations as “mammon”
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Mammon
MAMMON [Gk mamōnas (μαμωνας)]. Mammon (= Heb mmwn, Aram mmwnʾ “wealth,” “property”) occurs in Matt 6:24 = Luke 16:13, “you cannot serve God and mammon” and in Luke 16:9, 11 in the phrase “unrighteous mammon.” It is the normal word for “money,” “wealth,” in Mishnaic Hebrew, and is also attested in that
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mammon
Mammon. Word borrowed from the Aramaic language in the time of Jesus and the early church; also used by Jewish settlers in the community near the Dead Sea. Mammon refers to wealth or property. The Gospel writers wrote the Aramaic word in Greek letters. Some English translations preserve the Greek form
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Mammon
Mammon mamʹən [Gk. mamōnás]; NEB also MONEY (Mt. 6:24); WEALTH (Lk. 16:9, 11). The Greek transliteration of the common Aramaic term māmônāʾ (the emphatic state of the noun māmôn), meaning wealth of any kind.The etymology of the term is disputed. One possibility is that it derives from ʾmn (“trust”)
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mammon
MAMMON* Aramaic word, meaning wealth or property, transliterated by the Gospel writers in Greek letters. Some English translations preserve the Greek form of the word in English (kjv, rsv, nasb); others translate it with the words “wealth” or “money” (neb, tev, niv, nlt). In Matthew 6:24 and Luke 16:13,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mammon
mammon (mam´uhn), an Aramaic word referring to material possessions. The word is transliterated into Greek in the nt and has been accordingly transliterated into English in many versions (kjv, rsv). The nrsv translates it “wealth” in Matt. 6:24 and Luke 16:9, 11, 13. This translation does not seem justified
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Mammon
MAMMON. The term occurs four times (Mt 6:24; Lk 16:9, 11, 13). It is a transliteration of Aramaic māmôn meaning “property,” “earthly goods,” “wealth” or “money.” Mt 6:24 and Lk 16:13 are parallel, in which Christ teaches that mammon demands one’s heart and service; consequently one cannot do service
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Mammon
MAMMON. This word occurs in the Bible only in Mt. 6:24 and Lk. 16:9, 11, 13, and is a transliteration of Aramaic māmônâ. It means simply wealth or profit, but Christ sees in it an egocentric covetousness which claims man’s heart and thereby estranges him from God (Mt. 6:19ff.): when a man ‘owns’ anything,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Mammon
Mammon (Gk. mamōnás, mammōnás)A transliteration from Aram. or Heb. mmnw, absent from the OT but common in rabbinic literature, denoting money or goods. Contrary to popular belief, no evidence has been found for the cult of a pagan god named Mammon.Jesus taught that “no one can serve two masters … you
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Mammon
Mammon [mămˊən] (Gk. mamōnás).† The Greek transliteration of Aram. māmônā˒, apparently widely enough known to need no translation in Greek Christian documents, designating wealth in any form—including money, cattle, and land.Jesus frequently refers to mammon. Though “unrighteous,” it can,
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Mammon
MAMMON μαμωνᾶςI. Mammon (Aram. status emphaticus mamōnāʾ), the etymology of which is not completely certain, probably is a maqtāl form of the root ʾmn with the meaning of ‘that in which one puts trust’, with ‘money, riches’ as a derivative meaning (J. A. Fitzmyer, The Gospel according to Luke II
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Mammon
MAMMON (Aramaic, “wealth”) A word used by Jesus to refer to wealth in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt 6:24) and in the explanation of the Parable of the Dishonest Steward (Luke 16:9, 11, 13): “No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the
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