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The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Mallow [Heb. mallû (a)h; Gk. halimón] (Job 30:4); AV MALLOWS; NEB SALTWORT; in Job 24:24 the RSV (“mallow”) and NEB (“mallow-flower”) follow the LXX (Gk. molóchē) rather than the MT (Heb. kōl). Because the Hebrew root implies saltiness, botanists have assumed that species of the saltwort plant
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
mallow, a plant mentioned twice in the book of Job. It has been identified as a variety of saltwort (Atriplex halimus), which grows in shallow, sandy soil. Job 24:24 refers to the color of the plant withering. In 30:1–8, the poor are said to eat mallow and other plant leaves when they are desperate for
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
MallowHeb. mallûaḥ, “mallow” (akin to melaḥ, “salt”), may refer to a species of the genus Atriplex, commonly called the saltworts. These large bushy plants abound in sandy, salty soil. Atriplex halimus L., called sea purslane or shrubby orache, is an excellent candidate for the biblical mallow. Job
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Mallow (Heb. mallûaḥ).† Job’s belittling description of his critics (Job 30:1–8) includes their eating the leaves of the mallow, a sign of abject poverty (v. 4; KJV “mallows”; NIV “salt herbs”). Here the “mallow” (LXX Gk. hálimon; cf. Heb. melaḥ “salt”) is not the common mallow (Malva
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Mallowsoccurs only in Job 30:4 (R.V., “saltwort”). The word so rendered (malluah, from melah, “salt”) most probably denotes the Atriplex halimus of Linnaeus, a species of sea purslane found on the shores of the Dead Sea, as also of the Mediterranean, and in salt marshes. It is a tall shrubby orach,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Mallowmallow (malʹloh), any plant of the family Malvaceae. Biblical usage cites its characteristic fading (Job 24:24) and its relatively unpleasant nature as a food source (Job 30:4); it was used for food only in desperate circumstances.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Malʹlows. The Hebrew word occurs only in the passage where Job complains that he is subjected to the contumely of the meanest people, those “who cut up mallows by the bushes for their meat” (Job 30:4). It is supposed to be a saltwort, the young leaves of which are gathered and boiled by the poor as food.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
MALLOW In Scripture “mallow” refers to two plants. 1. Atriplex halimus L., the shrubby orache, is a salt marsh plant and unpleasant food (Job 30:4; “plant of the salt marshes,” NASB margin). The saltwort (REB) is another possibility for this plant associated with the marshy areas around the Dead Sea.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
mallow. This term (which strictly speaking refers to various herb plants of the Malvaceae family) is used in the KJV and NRSV to render Hebrew mallûaḥ H4865, found only once (Job 30:4; in addition, the NRSV uses it in 6:6 and 24:24 as an emendation on the basis of the lxx). The Hebrew word is evidently
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
MALLOW [חַלָּמוּתkhallamuth, מַלּוּהַּmalluah]. A flowering plant or shrub. The NRSV renders mallow/s three times, all in the book of Job (6:6; 24:24; 30:4). The meaning of khallamuth in Job 6:6 is unclear. This word appears in the phrase berir khallamuth (בְּרִיר חַלָּמוּת), where the term berir means
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