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Mahalath (Music)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Mahalath
Mahalath (מַחֲלַת‎, machalath). Found in title of Psa 53, possibly a musical term.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Mahalath
Mahalath. Musical cue, meaning “sadness,” listed in the title of Psalm 53, designating the way in which and/or the melody to which the psalm should be sung.See Music and Musical Instruments.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Mahalath (Music)
MAHALATH* (Music) Musical cue, perhaps meaning “sadness,” listed in the title of Psalm 53 (see rsv), which would designate the way in which and/or the melody to which the psalm should be sung. See Music.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Mahalath
Mahalath (may´huh-lath; Heb., “mild”).1 The granddaughter of Abraham, the daughter of Ishmael, and one of the wives of Esau (Gen. 28:9).2 The wife of King Rehoboam of Judah (ca. 922–915 bce) and the granddaughter of David (2 Chron. 11:18).3 A term of unknown significance that occurs in the titles
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Mahalath
MAHALATH. 1. One of the wives of Esau and daughter of Ishmael (Gen 28:9), called Basemath in Gen 36:3.2. One of the 18 wives of Rehoboam and granddaughter of David (2 Chr 11:18).3. A musical term found in the titles of Ps 53 and Ps 88, the meaning of which is uncertain.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mahalath
Mahalath, the title of Ps. 53, and Mahalath-leannoth, the title of Ps. 88. The meaning of these words is uncertain. The conjecture is that mahalath is a guitar, and that leannoth has reference to the character of the psalm, and might be rendered “to humble or afflict,” in which sense the root occurs
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Mahalath
MA´HALATH (maʹha-lath; “sickness”).1. The daughter of Ishmael and third wife of Esau (Gen. 28:9; 36:3; in the latter passage called Basemath).2. The granddaughter of David, daughter of Jerimoth, and wife of Rehoboam (2 Chron. 11:18), 926 b.c.3. Part of the title of Pss. 53 and 88. See Musical Terms.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Mahalath Maschil
Mahalath Maschilin the title of Ps. 53, denoting that this was a didactic psalm, to be sung to the accompaniment of the lute or guitar. Others regard this word “mahalath” as the name simply of an old air to which the psalm was to be sung. Others, again, take the word as meaning “sickness,” and regard
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Mahalath
MAHALATH [MAY huh lath] — the name of two women and a musical term in the Old Testament:1. A daughter of Ishmael and one of Esau’s wives (Gen. 28:9), perhaps the same person as Basemath (Gen. 36:3–4).2. A daughter of Jerimoth (2 Chr. 11:18).3. A musical term used in the titles of Psalm 53 and Psalm
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
MAHALATH
MAHALATH<ma’-ha-lath> (מַחֲלַת‎ [machalath]):1. In Gen 28:9 the name of a wife of Esau, daughter of Ishmael, and sister of Nebaioth, called in 36:3, BASEMATH (which see). The Samaritan Pentateuch, however, throughout Genesis 36 retains “Mahalath.” On the other hand, in 26:34 Basemath is
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
Mahalath, Mahalath Leannoth
mahalath, mahalath leannoth may’huh-lath, may’huh-lath-lee-an’oth (מָחֲלַתH4714 and לְעַנּוֹתH4361). Musical terms of uncertain meaning found, respectively, in the titles of Ps. 53 and 88. The first term is often interpreted as referring to a musical instrument, such as the flute; and if the word lĕʿannôt
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Mahalath
MAHALATH, mä′ha-lath (מַחֲלַת‎, maḥǎlath):(1) In Gen 28:9 the name of a wife of Esau, daughter of Ishmael, and sister of Nebaioth, called in 36:3, Basemath(q.v.). The Sam, however, throughout ch 36 retains “Mahalath.” On the other hand, in 26:34 Basemath is said to be “the daughter of Elon the Hittite,”
Key passages
Ps 53:1

The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt and they have done abominable iniquity. There is none who does good.