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Magog (person)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gog and Magog
Gog and Magog (גוֹג‎, gog; and מָגוֹג‎, magog). Ruler (Gog) and kingdom (Magog) who waged war against Israel in Ezek 38–39. This power from the north, “Gog of Magog,” appears as two nations, “Gog and Magog,” who fight for Satan in Rev 20:8.
Magog
Magog (מָגוֹג‎, magog; Μαγώγ, Magōg). A nation that Ezekiel prophesies against—specifically against its leader, Gog (Ezek 38:1–6). Magog appears again in the book of Revelation as a nation allied with Satan (Rev 20:8). For further information, see this article: Gog and Magog.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Magog (Person)
MAGOG (PERSON) [Heb māgôg (מָגֹוג)]. In the Table of Nations (Gen 10:2) and the parallel genealogy in 1 Chr 1:5, Magog is one of the six grandsons of Noah through his son Japheth. Others of this line are associated with Asia Minor (Javan, Tubal, Meshech), so a location for Magog also in this area is
Gog (Person)
GOG (PERSON) [Heb gôg (גֹּוג‎)]. 1. A Reubenite, descended from Joel (1 Chr 5:4). Gog is second in the list of the sons, or descendants, of Joel. The list may represent a line of Reubenite chieftains (Ackroyd Chronicles Ezra Nehemiah TBC, 36). The name appears after Shemaiah and before Shimei. Others
Gog and Magog
GOG AND MAGOG [Heb gôg (גֹּוג) and magôg (מַגֹוג)]. Names of a ruler, Gog, and his land, Magog, in the Bible. Gog is the leader, in Ezekiel 38 and 39, of an invading army from “the uttermost parts of the north” who will attack Israel “in the latter years.” See GOG (PERSON) and MAGOG (PERSON). In language
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Gog
Gog. 1. Reubenite, Shemiah’s son (1 Chr 5:4).2. Individual described as the prince of Meshech who ruled over the land of Magog (Ez 38:2–21; 39:1–16). Magog was evidently a territory located far from Palestine whose inhabitants would attack Jerusalem in a final attempt to overthrow God’s people. The
Magog
Magog. Term employed only five times in the Bible, but significant because of its use in the well-known prophetic passages of Ezekiel 38; 39 and Revelation 20. In the register of nations in Genesis 10:2 (1 Chr 1:5), Magog was listed among the sons of Japheth, identifying both an individual and the nation
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Gog
3. In Rev. 20:7f Satan is let loose and goes to the nations at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to muster his hosts for the final struggle against God. In Ezekiel the invasion of Gog occurs during the messianic age, while in Revelation it occurs just at the close of the millennium. In Ezekiel
Magog
Magog māʹgog [Heb. māg̱ôg̱; Gk. Magōg]. Named as a son (or descendant) of Japheth in a list that includes Gomer, Tubal, and Meshech (Gen. 10:2; 1 Ch. 1:5). In Ezekiel’s prophecy Magog is the kingdom of Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal (Ezk. 38:2; 39:6) and an invader of Israel. Josephus
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Gog
GOG1. Reubenite, Shemaiah’s son (1 Chr 5:4).2. Individual described as the prince of Meshech who ruled over the land of Magog (Ez 38:2–21; 39:1–16). Magog was evidently a territory located far from Palestine whose inhabitants would attack Jerusalem in a final attempt to overthrow God’s people. The
Magog
MAGOG Term found only five times in the Bible but significant because of its use in the well-known prophetic passages of Ezekiel 38–39 and Revelation 20. In the register of nations in Genesis 10:2 (see also 1 Chr 1:5), Magog was listed among the sons of Japheth, identifying both an individual and the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Gog
GOG1. A Reubenite, son of Shemaiah (1 Chr 5:4).2. The prince of Meshech and Tubal (the Mushku and Tabali of the Assyrian inscriptions, Ezk 38:3). “Land of Magog” of Ezk 38:2 and “Magog” of Ezk 39:6 are probably incorrect since the former is not paralleled in 38:3 and the latter stands alone among several
Magog
MAGOG. A descendant of Japheth (Gen 10:2; 1 Chr 1:5). According to Ezk 38:2 a people whose territory will be ruled in a future time by Gog (q.v.); literally 38:2 reads, “set your face toward Gog of the land of the Magog …” Josephus (Ant. i.6.1) identified Magog as the Scythians, a savage, wandering people
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Gog and Magog
GOG AND MAGOG. In Ezk. 38:2 we are introduced to ‘Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince (av, rvmg., rsv; rv ‘prince of *Rosh’), of *Meshech and Tubal’. lxx understood Magog as a people, not a country. The only reasonable identification of Gog is with Gyges, king of Lydia (c. 660 bc)—Assyr. Gugu;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Gog
Gog (Heb. gôg̱), MAGOG (māg̱ôg̱)A ruler and his land or people, portrayed as Israel’s apocalyptic foe.Magog appears in the Table of Nations (Gen. 10:2) as a son of Japheth. He is apparently also the eponymous ancestor of a people in Anatolia (cf. Magog’s “brothers,” whose names are attached to the
Magog
Magog (Heb. māg̱ôg̱)According to the Table of Nations, a son of Japheth and the eponymous ancestor of an Anatolian people (Gen. 10:2). In Ezek. 38–39 its leader, Gog, will invade the restored Israel and provoke a final, decisive battle with Yahweh.See Gog, Magog.Julie Galambush
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Magog
Magog [māˊgŏg] (Heb. māg̱ôg̱; Gk. Magôg).* A son of Japheth and eponym of an unidentified people (Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5) which became linked with Gog as a cryptic name in apocalyptic texts (Ezek. 38:2; 39:6; Rev. 20:8; Sib. Or. 3:319, 512). Identifications of Magog have included the Scythians
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Gog
GOG גוגI. Gog (gwg) occurs as the name of a mysterious figure in Ezek 38–39. Its etymology is uncertain. A derivation from Sumerian gug (‘black spot’, ‘cornelian’, or ‘shining’, depending on the identification of the root) has been proposed (A. van Hoonacker, ZA 28 [1914] 336), but is highly implausible.
Magog
MAGOG מגוגI. Magog (māgôg) is known from the Bible only (Gen 10:2; Ezek 38–39; 1 Chr 1:5). Together with →Gog, Magog came to be used in traditions harking back to Ezek 38–39 as a symbol of the superhuman adversaries of God and his people at the end of time.II. The etymology of Magog is uncertain.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Gog
GOG Also Gog and Magog. The leader of Meshech and Tubal, from the land of Magog (Ezek 38:2). The word “Magog” is most likely derived from the Akkadian for “the land of Gyges (or Gog),” seen in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:2) and appearing (as in Ezekiel) with Meshech and Tubal. According to Ezek 38–39,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Gog and Magog
Gog and Magog. In Rev. 20:8 Gog and Magog are two powers under the dominion of Satan. In the OT they appear together in Ezek., 38–9. cs. There Gog is described as the chief prince of various national groups which invade the land of Israel but are eventually to be vanquished by *Yahweh. Gog is said