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Magbish
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Name given to identify an eponymous ancestor (or leader) of a family who returned to Judah from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:30). Many of the names found in Ezra 2:20–35 are also place names which could indicate that some of the people who returned from exile adopted the name of the village where they settled, that they took the name of their ancestral home as a family name or personal name, or that they used the name of a place where they had lived in exile as a family name or personal name. In Neh 10:20, the name “Magpiash” (מַגְפִּיעָשׁ‎, magpi'ash) appears as one of the leaders who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah. It is possible that “Magpiash” is a spelling error for “Magbish” with the reference indicating that the leader of the clan of Magbish signed the covenant.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Magbish
Magbish (מַגְבִּישׁ‎, magbish). Name given to identify an eponymous ancestor (or leader) of a family who returned to Judah from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:30). Many of the names found in Ezra 2:20–35 are also place names which could indicate that some of the people who returned from exile adopted the
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Magbish (Person)
MAGBISH (PERSON) [Heb magbı̂š (מַגְבִּישׁ)]. “Ancestor” of 156 people who returned from exile in the days of Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:30; LXX Magebōs). However, like so many other names in the Ezra 2 list, Magbish is more likely the name of a village; since the time of Abel (GP 2: 373) it has usually been
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Magbish
Magbish. Town reoccupied after the exile by 156 descendants of its former residents (Ezr 2:30); perhaps to be identified with Khirbet el-Mahbiyeh, near Adullam.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Magbish
Magbish mag̀bish [Heb. mag̱bîš; Gk. Magebōs; Apoc. Niphis; A Phineis]; RSV Apoc. mg NIPHIS; AV Apoc. NEPHIS; NEB Apoc. PHINIS. A place settled by 156 persons who returned from exile with Zerubbabel (Ezr. 2:30; cf. 1 Esd. 5:21, where the RSV renders LXX Niphis by “Magbish,” probably to harmonize the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Magbish
MAGBISH Town reoccupied after the exile by 156 descendants of its former residents (Ezr 2:30).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Magbish
MAGBISH. An unidentified town in Judah, 156 inhabitants of which are said to have returned from Exile with Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:30). Some think, however, the name is that of a man and refers to a family of returning exiles.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Magbish
MAGBISH. Either a town in Judah (GTT, p. 380) or the name of a clan. Ezr. 2:30 records that 156 of its ‘sons’ (or ‘inhabitants’) returned after the exile. It is inexplicably omitted from the parallel list in Ne. 7.D. J. A. Clines.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Magbish
Magbish (Heb. mag̱bɩ̂š)The “ancestor” of persons returning from the Babylonian exile (Ezra 2:30). More likely, the term refers to a place. Its exact location remains a mystery; suggestions include Khirbet Qanân Mugheimis (145109), 2 km. (1.2 mi.) W of Elam, and Khirbet el-Makhbiyeh (145116), 5 km.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Magbish
Magbish [măgˊbĭsh] (Heb. mag̱bîš). A place in Judah settled by those who returned with Zerubbabel from exile (Ezra 2:30). The site may be modern Khirbet el-Mahbiyeh, 5 km. (3 mi.) southwest of Adullam.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Magbish
Mag´bish (congregating), a proper name in Ezra 2:30, but whether of a man or of a place is doubtful; probably the latter, as all the names from Ezra 2:20–34, except Elam and Harim, are names of places.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Magbish
MAG´BISH (magʹbish; probably “sturdy, strong,” cf. Akkad. gabshu, “massive, powerful”). The name of a man (or place) whose descendants, numbering 156, returned to Palestine with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:30).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Magbish
MAGBISH [MAG bish] — an unidentified town in the territory of Judah. The descendants of former residents of Magdish returned here after the Captivity (Ezra 2:30).