Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A mountain fortress east of the Dead Sea, in the region of Peraea. Noteworthy for being the site of John the Baptist’s imprisonment and execution.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
MACHAERUS (M.R. 209108). A site in Jordan that was fortified by several rulers and which is thought to have been the site of the beheading of John the Baptist.A. TopographyThe fortress of Machaerus is situated in Jordan between the Wadi Zerqa Maʾin to the N and the Arnon to the S, at a place where
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Machaerus. Fortified castle where John the Baptist was imprisoned and later beheaded by Herod Antipas (according to Josephus, Antiq. 18.5.2). The name does not occur in canonical Scripture nor in the Apocrypha, but it was one of the strongest fortresses in all Palestine, having been built by Alexander
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Machaerus ma-kēʹrəs [Gk. Machairous]. A mountain fortress, second in strength to Jerusalem, identified with the modern Mukâwer, overlooking the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. It was fortified first by Alexander Janneus (BJ vii.6.2 [171–77]) and then demolished by Gabinius (BJ i.8.5 [167f]; Ant. xiv.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
MACHAERUS* Fortified castle where John the Baptist was imprisoned and later beheaded by Herod Antipas (according to Josephus’s Antiquities 18.5.2). The name does not occur in canonical Scripture nor in the Apocrypha, but it was one of the strongest fortresses in all Palestine, having been built by Alexander
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Machaerus (muh-kee´ruhs), a fortress-palace some 3,600 feet above the Dead Sea, about fifteen miles southeast of the mouth of the Jordan River. A fortress built on the site by Alexander Jannaeus (103–76 bce) was destroyed by Pompey’s general Gabinius; it was then extensively rebuilt by Herod the Great
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Coin of Philip II of Macedon. Gleason Archer, photo by W. LaSorMACHAERUSDescription and history. Located four miles to the E of the Dead Sea and 14 miles SE of the mouth of the Jordan, Machaerus was the strongest fortress in Palestine next to Jerusalem (Pliny, Natural History, XVI.2.40), and was
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
MACHAERUS. A fortress E of the Dead Sea (modern el-Mekawar), near the S frontier of the region of Peraea, built by Alexander Jannaeus (103–76 bc), destroyed by the Roman commander Gabinius (57 bc), rebuilt by Herod (37–4 bc), who appreciated the hot springs at Calirrhoe not far away (Wadi Zerka Ma‘in).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Machaerus [mə kĭrˊəs] (Gk. Machairous). A fortress in the hills of Moab near the Dead Sea, located at modern Mukâwer (Mukâwer), east of Callirrhoe. The fortress was built by Alexander Jannaeus, destroyed by the Romans, and rebuilt by Herod the Great. After the death of Herod, Machaerus became the
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
MICHVAR; MACHAERUS One of the fortresses built by the Hasmonean, Alexander Jannaeus (Josephus, Antiq. iii, 417), to the east of the Dead Sea in the territory conquered earlier by John Hyrcanus. According to Strabo (Geography xvi, 40), it was destroyed by Pompey in 64 bc. Pliny (Nat. Hist. v, 72) wrote
Catholic Bible Dictionary
MACHAERUS A site east of the Dead Sea where Alexander Jannaeus constructed a fortress around 90 b.c. The fortress was destroyed by the Romans in 57 b.c. but was rebuilt by Herod the Great. According to Josephus, Herod Antipas imprisoned John the Baptist at Machaerus; he was also beheaded there (Ant.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Machæ´rus, a castle of the Herods on the southern border of their Perean dominions, nine miles east of the northern end of the Dead Sea. Here John the Baptist was imprisoned, and here was held the feast where Herodias, at whose request John was beheaded, danced before the king.Site of Machærus (place