Maccabees • The Maccabees
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
MACCABEE. A nickname given to Judas the son of Mattathias, the first general in the Jewish revolt against the Seleucids. See MACCABEUS.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Maccabees, The
Maccabees, The. Name commonly given to the family who initiated the Jewish revolt in 167 bc, derived from the name of the most renowned brother, Judas Maccabeus.See Judaism.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Maccabees makʹə-bēz [Gk. Makkabaioi]. Maccabeus is the name given to Judas son of Mattathias (Ioudas ho káloumenos Makkabaios; 1 Macc. 2:4; 3:1; cf. Josephus Ant. xii.6.1 [266]), who defended the rights and traditions of the Jews in the 2nd cent. b.c. By extension his family and party were called
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Maccabees (mak´uh-beez), a family (also known as the Hasmoneans) who provided military, political, and religious leaders for Judea during much of the second and first centuries bce. The events leading to their rise to prominence are related to the attempt of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Seleucid king of Syria,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
MACCABEESThe NameThe derivation of the name is uncertain. Makkabaios was originally the surname or nickname of Judas, one of five sons of a Jewish priest named Mattathias and leader of the Jewish war for independence that began in 168 b.c. Each of the sons had such a nickname (cf. 1 Macc 2:2–5), but
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
MACCABEES. Makkabaios was the Gk. form of the surname of the Jewish hero Judas ben Mattathias (1 Macc. 2:4): its application has been extended to his family and his party. The derivation is quite obscure: ‘the hammerer’ or ‘the eradicator’ are perhaps the commonest modern interpretations. According to
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
MaccabeesA term designating (1) the dynasty founded by Mattathias the Hasmonean which ruled the Jews from the 160s to 63 b.c.e. when the Romans entered Jerusalem; and (2) the son of Mattathias, Judas the Maccabee, the first leader of the Jewish revolt against the Seleucids. Though the name “Maccabee”
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Maccabees [măkˊə bēz].† The family and immediate successors of Mattathias, who in 167 B.C. initiated the Jewish revolt against the Hellenistic abuses of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. The appellative, presumed to derive from the epithet of Mattathias’ son Judas Maccabeus (Gk. Makkabaios, from Heb. maqqāḇî
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Maccabees. The celebrated Jewish family, which played a major role in arousing armed opposition by Judaean Jews to the introduction of pagan cult into the Temple at Jerusalem by *Antiochus Epiphanes, and thus at a very critical period of its history stemmed the threatened destruction of Judaism. The
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Mac´cabees (a hammer), The. This title, which was originally the surname of Judas, one of the sons of Mattathias, was afterward extended to the heroic family of which he was one of the noblest representatives. Asmonæans or Hasmonæans is the proper name of the family, which is derived from Cashmon, greatgrandfather
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Maccabees, the
MAC´CABEES, THE (makʹa-bēz). The Hasmonaean family, distinguished in Jewish history, from 167 b.c. until the time when Judea became a province of Rome, were called Maccabees from Judas, a distinguished member of the house, whose surname was Maccabaeus.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
MaccabeesThis word does not occur in Scripture. It was the name given to the leaders of the national party among the Jews who suffered in the persecution under Antiochus Epiphanes, who succeeded to the Syrian throne 175. It is supposed to have been derived from the Hebrew word (makkabah) meaning “hammer,”