The Lexham Bible Dictionary
M The abbreviation used in New Testament source criticism for the Synoptic material that is exclusively Matthean.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
M. The abbreviation used in NT source criticism for the solely Matthean material found in the Synoptic Gospels. See SYNOPTIC PROBLEM; MATTHEW, GOSPEL OF.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
M, a symbol designating material found only in the Gospel of Matthew. Biblical scholars often analyze the “M material” as one step in determining the distinctive perspective or unique contributions of Matthew’s Gospel. In addition, some scholars regard M as representing one source strata upon which Matthew
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
MA symbol for material found only in the Gospel of Matthew; also a designation of the source of this material.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
M. A source-critical designation for material found only in the gospel of Matthew and therefore arising from neither Mark nor Q, the two common sources of Matthew and Luke.
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
'M' Tradition
“M” TRADITIONThe M tradition generally refers to all of the material in Matthew which is unparalleled in Mark or Luke or, more narrowly, to the discourse material which is found only in Matthew. Source-critical interests related to the Synoptic problem* have dominated reconstructions of M. Source
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
MM, a symbol designating material found only in the Gospel of Matthew; it also designates the hypothetical source of this material. The Matthean narratives dealing with Jesus’ birth and postresurrection appearances are included in this material. See also Synoptic Problem, The.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
M. The symbol used to designate material peculiar to Matthew; for some scholars, the symbol represents an independent literary source used by this evangelist. B. H. Streeter proposed that M originated c. a.d. 60, probably in Jerusalem, and that Matthew used it—along with the Gospel of Mark and some additional