The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
loving-kindness, an attribute of God, according to one traditional translation of the Hebrew word khesed. That word, which can probably not be rendered faithfully in English, contains the idea of love, devotion, loyalty, and covenant faithfulness (cf. Exod. 34:6; Neh. 9:32). In the kjv, the word is rendered
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
LOVING-KINDNESS. One rendering of the Heb. word ḥesed given prior to the 20th century in all evv from the time of Coverdale. Most of its occurrences are in the Pss., but it comes seven times elsewhere in av, which has ten other renderings, the most frequent being ‘mercy’, ‘kindness’ and ‘goodness’.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Loving-KindnessAlso rendered “kindness,” “mercy,” and “steadfast love,” particularly when describing God. The traditional translation “loving-kindness” entered English usage through the 1535 Coverdale Bible and the KJV of 1611. The primary definition of Heb. ḥeseḏ is “demonstrated loyalty,” i.e.,
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Loving-Kindnessloving-kindness, a characteristic of God in the ot. The Hebrew word khesed, which is rendered by the kjv as ‘loving-kindness’ (30 times), as ‘kindness’ (38 times), and as ‘mercy’ (145 times), is translated in the rsv chiefly as ‘steadfast love’ (182 times) and ‘kindness’ (21 times),
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Kindness, Lovingkindness
KINDNESS, LOVINGKINDNESS — God’s loyal love and favor toward His people. In the Old Testament, the word translated as “kindness” or “lovingkindness” refers to God’s long-suffering love—His determination to keep His promises to His chosen people in spite of their sin and rebellion (Deut. 7:12; Hos. 2:14–23).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
LOVING-KINDNESS Occasional translation of the Hebrew, chesed. The OT’s highest expression for love. It is variously called God’s election, covenant-keeping, or steadfast love. It is a love that remains constant regardless of the circumstances. Although used mostly with God, it sometimes is used of love
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
LOVING-KINDNESS [חֶסֶדkhesedh]. This term appears in the KJV for many (but not all) references to God’s khesedh in Psalms and Jeremiah. In these passages, the NRSV consistently translates this Hebrew word as “steadfast love.” See KHESED; LOVE IN THE OT.
Key passages
Ex 34:6

And Yahweh passed over before him, and he proclaimed, “Yahweh, Yahweh, God, who is compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding with loyal love and faithfulness,

Ne 9:32

“And now our God, the great, mighty, and awesome God who keeps his covenant and loyal love, do not belittle in your presence all of the hardship that is found in us, our kings, our officials, our priests, our prophets, our ancestors, and all of our people, from the days of the kings of …

See also
Topics & Themes