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Lord’s Supper
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
(also commonly called Communion or Eucharist). Memorial rite involving wine and bread; one of the two universally acknowledged sacraments of the Christian Church (along with baptism). There are numerous views of the meaning of the Lord’s Supper, as well as disagreements about its practice and even the elements involved (some Christians use juice or water instead of wine).This article focuses on the sacrament’s origins and development, from the historical Jesus to the middle of the second century. For its theological significance, see this article: Lord’s Supper, Theological Issues.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Lord’s Supper
Lord’s Supper (also commonly called Communion or Eucharist). Memorial rite involving wine and bread; one of the two universally acknowledged sacraments of the Christian Church (along with baptism). There are numerous views of the meaning of the Lord’s Supper, as well as disagreements about its practice
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Lord’s Supper
LORD’S SUPPER. The ritual meal celebrated in the early churches after the first Easter. As such, it should not be confused with the LAST SUPPER, to which it is nevertheless related.A. IntroductionB. The NT Texts1. Paul2. Synoptics3. Acts4. Gospel of John5. Revelation6. Hebrews7. Jude and 2 Peter
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Lord’s Supper, The
Lord’s Supper, The. The supper Jesus shared with his disciples a few hours before he was arrested and taken to his trial and death; the ceremony of the bread and wine that Christians have come to call the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor 11:20), the breaking of bread (Acts 2:42, 46; 20:7), Holy Communion (from the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Lord’s Supper, the
LORD’S SUPPER, THE The supper Jesus shared with his disciples a few hours before he was arrested and taken to his trial and death (thus often called “The Last Supper”); the ceremony of partaking of the bread and wine that Christians have come to call the Lord’s Supper (1 Cor 11:20), the breaking of bread
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Lord’s Supper
Lord’s Supper, an early Christian celebration modeled on the last meal Jesus shared with his disciples prior to his death; it receives this name from Paul’s reference in 1 Cor. 11:20. The Synoptic Gospels describe the Last Supper as a Passover meal, but in John it is eaten before Passover. The words
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Lord's Supper
LORD’S SUPPER. The term most commonly used by the Reformation churches for the taking of bread and wine in accordance with Christ’s institution. Other meaningful names are the holy communion and the Eucharist.The Lord’s Supper, along with baptism, is one of the two ordinances or sacraments enjoined
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Lord’s Supper, The
LORD’S SUPPER, THE. It will be most convenient to set out the NT evidence for the Christian ordinance under the headings of ‘The Last Supper’; ‘The breaking of bread’; ‘The Pauline Eucharist’; and ‘Other NT material’.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lord’s Supper
Lord’s SupperA meal celebrated in honor of Jesus Christ commemorating his last meal with his disciples. In biblical theology Lord’s Supper is preferable to other synonyms: “communion” is a questionable translation of 1 Cor. 10:16, and “eucharist” does not appear as a name for this rite in the NT. In
Eucharist
EucharistThe rite of Holy Communion or the Lord’s Supper (Gk. eucharistɩ́a, “thanksgiving”). Among the earliest evidence for this name, which does not occur in the NT, are references in the Didache (9:1), Ignatius of Antioch (Phld. 4), and Justin Martyr (Apol. 1.66).See Lord’s Supper.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lord’s Supper
Lord’s Supper. †One of the Christian sacraments, in which the Church gathers to participate in a ceremonial meal of bread and wine that symbolize the body and blood of Christ. The celebration of the sacrament proclaims the death of Christ as the source of life in him.
Eucharist
Eucharist [ūˊkə rĭst] (Gk. eucharistía “thanksgiving”).* The rite of Holy Communion or the Lord’s Supper. Among the earliest evidence for this name, which does not occur in the New Testament, are references in the Didache (ix.1), Ignatius of Antioch (Philad. iv), and Justin Martyr (Apol. i.
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Lord’s Supper
Lord’s supperAbuses in the holding of the church meal at Corinth led Paul to remind the church of its real significance as a memorial of the Lord’s sacrificial death on the basis of a tradition describing the Last Supper. Recent study has emphasized the importance of social factors in explaining the
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Eucharist
EUCHARIST (Greek eucharistia, “thanksgiving”) “The source and summit of the Christian Life” (LG §11); the sacrament in which Christ is really and truly present under the appearances of bread and wine. Other names for the Eucharist are Holy Communion, the Lord’s Supper, the table of the Lord, the breaking
Key passages
Mt 26:26–29

Now while they were eating Jesus took bread and, after giving thanks, he broke it, and giving it to the disciples, he said, “Take, eat, this is my body.” And after taking the cup and giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is …

Mk 14:22–25

And while they were eating, he took bread and, after giving thanks, he broke it and gave it to them and said, “Take it, this is my body.” And after taking the cup and giving thanks, he gave it to them, and they all drank from it. And he said to them, “This is …

Lk 22:19–20

And he took bread, and after giving thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” And in the same way the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood which is poured out for you. …

Lk 24:30–35

And it happened that when he reclined at the table with them, he took the bread and gave thanks, and after breaking it, he gave it to them. And their eyes were opened, and they recognized him, and he became invisible to them. And they said to one another, “Were not our hearts burning …

Ac 2:42–47

And they were devoting themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayers. And fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were being performed by the apostles. And all who believed were in the same …

1 Co 1:17–26

For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to proclaim the gospel, not with clever speech, lest the cross of Christ be emptied. For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power …

See also
Topics & Themes