Kyrios • Lordship • The Lord
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Lord. Rendering of the Hebrew ’ădōnāy or of the Greek kurios. In Israel both piety and fear (of transgressing, Ex 20:7) inhibited the correct pronunciation of the sacred consonants of the divine name (probably Yahweh). Instead, the vowel sounds of ’ēlōhîm (“God”) or ’ădōnāy (“Lord,” from ’ādōn,
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lord[Heb YHWH (Gen. 2:4f, 7f, etc.), ʾaḏōnāy (Gen. 15:2, 8; 18:3; etc.), yāh (Ps. 68:18 [MT 19]; 77:11 [MT 12]; etc.), ʾāḏôn (e.g., Gen. 19:2), baʿal—‘master’ (Nu. 21:28; Isa. 16:8), geḇîr—‘lord, master’ (Gen. 27:29, 37), seren—‘prince, tyrant’ (Jgs. 3:3; 16:5; etc.), śar—‘leader, chief’ (Jgs.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
LORD “Lord” in English is the rendering of the Hebrew adonai or of the Greek kurios. The Hebrew YHWH is usually rendered “Lord”; see Yahweh (YHWH).God’s rule and authority as Lord rests ultimately upon his creation and ownership of all things and people (Ps 24:1–2). God’s total supremacy over nature
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
lord (Heb. ’adon; Gk. kyrios), a title of dignity and honor acknowledging the power and authority of the one so addressed.1 When used to address an individual and not as a title for God or Christ, a term conveying esteem for a male ruler on behalf of his subjects (e.g., Num. 32:25; cf. Acts 25:26),
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LORD. This is the translation of several Heb., Aram. and Gr. words. In the list below, sample Scripture references are not usually given because the words are of such frequent occurrence. The primary words are: 1. YHWH. This is to be vocalized and pronounced Yahweh (contracted or abbreviated as Yah).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lord, Master
Lord, MasterSomeone who has significant authority over others. The term is sometimes found in the vocative case of address, where it indicates deference and respect toward the individual(s) addressed. The term may convey esteem to a leader from his people (Num. 32:25; cf. Acts 25:26). In Gen. 44:7–16
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lord, Master
Lord, Master (Heb. ˒āḏôn, ˒aḏōnāy, ba˓al; Aram. mārē˒; Gk. kýrios).† One who possesses and exercises power and authority and to whom respect is thus ascribed. Several Hebrew and Greek terms are represented in English translations by “lord” and “master,” with reference to both human masters
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
LORD אדון‎, אדני‎, מראI. The title ʾādôn, Aramaic maraʾ, ‘lord’, is used of men and of gods and denotes one’s authority (not: ownership; this notion is more attributed to the word →Baal). Usually it concerns the relation between a lord and his subordinates. Its etymology is uncertain (see for a survey
KYRIOS κύριοςI. Kyrios (fem. kyria) is a substantivated adjective probably deriving from a thematic form *kyros (Sanskrit sūra ‘strong’, ‘hero’). In Greek profane life it means a man of superior status, who has authority and can dispose of things and persons under his control. As a religious title
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
LordThe term kyrios (“Lord”), which became for the early church the central Christian confession regarding Jesus (cf. Rom 10:9; 1 Cor 12:3; Phil 2:11), had a wide variety of uses in antiquity. It is necessary to explore some of them before examining how and whether Jesus, the earliest Christians and
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
LordIn Pauline writings as in the rest of the NT, “lord” usually translates the Greek term kyrios. The term basically connotes a superiority of the one to whom it is given. When kyrios is used vocatively to address a person (kyrie), it can be a purely respectful gesture, roughly equivalent to the English
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Lord In Small Capitals, the common English translation of the divine name Yahweh in the Old Testament. (SeeYahwehandThe Names of Godunder God.)
LordLORD A title often used for Jesus Christ in the New Testament; the same title is used in the Greek Old Testament to translate the Name of God (seeYahwehunder God).
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
LordAny survey of the NT literature, particularly Paul’s letters, will show the importance of the term kyrios for the early church (see DPL, Lord). The faith of the early church involved confessing that Jesus is the risen and exalted kyrios (1 Cor 9:1; 12:3; Rom 10:9; Phil 2:9–11). That this confession
Key passages
Ps 110:1

A declaration of Yahweh to my lord, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool.”

Ro 10:8–10

But what does it say? “The word is near to you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we proclaim), that if you confess with your mouth “Jesus is Lord” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes, …

1 Co 8:4–6

Therefore, concerning the eating of food sacrificed to idols, we know that “an idol is nothing in the world” and that “there is no God except one.” For even if after all there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or on earth, just as there are many gods and many lords, yet to us there is one …

Php 2:9–11

Therefore also God exalted him and graciously granted him the name above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven and of those on earth and of those under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. …