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Locust
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A swarming, leaping insect capable of causing great devastation to crops and other plant life (e.g., Deut 28:38; Isa 33:4; Joel 1:4). In the exodus story, locusts overrun Egypt during the eighth plague (Exod 10:4–6, 12–15; see also Psa 105:34).Some texts mention locusts figuratively to describe an innumerable horde (e.g., Judg 6:5; Jer 46:23). In an apocalyptic vision, the book of Revelation depicts locust-like creatures swarming over the Earth, tormenting those who are not marked by the seal of God (Rev 9:3–10).The Bible also refers to locusts being used as food—notably by John the Baptist (e.g., Lev 11:22; Matt 3:4).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Locust
Locust A swarming, leaping insect capable of causing great devastation to crops and other plant life (e.g., Deut 28:38; Isa 33:4; Joel 1:4). In the exodus story, locusts overrun Egypt during the eighth plague (Exod 10:4–6, 12–15; see also Psa 105:34).Some texts mention locusts figuratively to describe
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Locust
Locust. Various insects known especially for their swarming, mass migration and tremendous destruction of vegetation.See Animals.
Hopping Locust
Hopping Locust. Type of locust (kjv cankerworm) mentioned in Joel 1:4.See Animals (Locust).
Cankerworm
Cankerworm. kjv translation of the Hebrew word meaning “locust.”See Animals (Locust).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Locust
Locust[Heb ʾarbeh ‹ rāḇâ—‘increase, multiply’ (Ex. 10:4, 12–14, 19; Lev. 11:22a; etc.; “swarming locust,” Joel 1:4; 2:25), yeleq (Nah. 3:15a, 16; “hopping locust,” Joel 1:4; “young locust,” Ps. 105:34b), ḥāsîl < ḥāsal—‘devour’ (“destroying locust,” Joel 1:4), gāzām (Am. 4:9; “cutting locust,”
Palmerworm
Palmerworm The AV translation of Heb. gāzām (lit “cut”) in Joel 1:4 (RSV “cutting locust”); 2:25 (RSV “cutter”); Am. 4:9 (RSV “locust”). The palmerworm is a caterpillar that appears in great numbers and devours vegetation; but the reference here is apparently to a type of Locust (cf. NEB), or the locust
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Locusts
LOCUSTS Various insects known especially for their swarming, mass migration, and tremendous destruction of vegetation. See Animals.
Hopping Locust
HOPPING LOCUST Type of locust (kjv “cankerworm”) mentioned in Joel 1:4. See Animals (Locust).
Cankerworm
CANKERWORM* kjv translation of the Hebrew word meaning “locust.” See Animals (Locust).
Palmerworm
PALMERWORM* kjv designation for the cutting locust in Joel 1:4, 2:25, and Amos 4:9. See Animals (Locust).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Locust
locust, a small insect resembling a cricket that seasonally migrates in great swarms, causing damage to all vegetation in its path. This insect is therefore a serious pest, especially to crops (Joel 1:4; 2:25). The migrating swarms of locusts were one of the plagues imposed by God on the people of Egypt
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Locust
LocustAn insect of the order Orthoptera and family Acrididae, distinguished from the grasshopper by its gregarious and swarming behavior. Within Palestine three species of locusts can be found. Both the European locust (Locusta migratoria L.) and the Moroccan locust (Dociostaurus moroccanus Thnbg.)
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Locust
Locust (Heb. ˒arbeh, yeleq;.Gk. akrís).† Flying and hopping insects of order Orthoptera, suborder Saltatoria, which includes grasshoppers, locusts or short-horned grasshoppers, crickets, and katydids. In addition to Heb. ˒arbeh and yeleq, a wide variety of other terms are used, probably not
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Locust
LOCUST An insect infamous for its ability to wreak disaster on crops. The destructive power of locust swarms is noted in the Old Testament (Joel 1:4–7; 2:2–11; Nah 3:15, 17). One of the Exodus plagues on Egypt was locusts (Exod 10:12–20; cf. Ps 78:46, 105:34–35), and Israel itself was threatened with
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Locust
Locust, a well-known insect, of the grasshopper family, which commits terrible ravages on vegetation in the countries which it visits. “The common brown locust is about three inches in length, and the general form is that of a grasshopper.” The most destructive of the locust tribe that occur in the Bible
Palmer-worm
Palmer-worm (Heb. gâzâm) occurs Joel 1:4; 2:25; Amos 4:9. It is maintained by many that gâzâm denotes some species of locust, but it is more probably a caterpillar.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Locust
LocustThere are ten Hebrew words used in Scripture to signify locust. In the New Testament locusts are mentioned as forming part of the food of John the Baptist (Matt. 3:4; Mark 1:6). By the Mosaic law they were reckoned “clean,” so that he could lawfully eat them. The name also occurs in Rev. 9:3,
Cankerworm
Cankerworm(Heb. yelek), “the licking locust,” which licks up the grass of the field; probably the locust at a certain stage of its growth, just as it emerges from the caterpillar state (Joel 1:4; 2:25). The word is rendered “caterpillar” in Ps. 105:34; Jer. 51:14, 17 (but R.V. “canker-worm”). “It spoileth
Palmer-worm
Palmer-worm(Heb. gazam). The English word may denote either a caterpillar (as rendered by the LXX.), which wanders like a palmer or pilgrim, or which travels like pilgrims in bands (Joel 1:4; 2:25), the wingless locusts, or the migratory locust in its larva state.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Locust
Locustlocust, a small insect resembling a cricket or grasshopper that seasonally migrates in great swarms, causing damage to all vegetation in its path. This insect is therefore a serious pest, especially to crops, and as a major pest of the Bible it was associated with the canker worm, palmer worm,
See also