Food and drink
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Loaf; Loaves
Loaf; Loaves[Heb leḥem—‘bread,’ kikkār—‘disk-shaped loaf of bread’ (Ex. 29:23; Jgs. 8:5; 1 S. 2:36; 10:3; 1 Ch. 16:3; Prov. 6:26; Jer. 37:21); Gk. ártos—‘bread’]; AV also MORSEL, PIECE; NEB also ROUND LOAF. See Bread.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Loaves of Bread
LOAVES OF BREAD (Heb. kikkār, “circle”; Gk. ˒artos; sometimes only leḥem, “bread”). Round cakes or biscuits, the usual form of bread among the orientals (Ex. 29:23, “cake of bread”; Judg. 8:5; 1 Sam. 10:3; 1 Chron 16:3; Matt. 14:17; Mark 6:38; etc.). See Bread; Offering.
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Bun. A small cake. (Irish, boinneog, Scotch, bannock.) In regard to “hot cross buns” on Good Friday, it may be stated that the Greeks offered to Apollo, Diana, Hecate, and the Moon, cakes with “horns.” Such a cake was called a bous, and (it is said) never grew mouldy. The “cross” symbolised the four
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
LOAF (ἄρτος).—The Eastern loaf is not at all like the bread in use among ourselves. The Passover loaf—a large round thin cake—probably preserves the shape of the loaf in use among the Jews of our Lord’s time. The same shape of loaf is found to-day among the Bedawîn and fellahîn as well as in many villages
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Loaves and FishesThe iconographic tradition of the loaves and fishes is rooted in six NT pericopes. At Mk. 6:32–44 Jesus feeds 5,000 people with two fishes and five loaves; before he distributes the food he blesses it (v. 41: εὐλόγησεν). Mt. 14:13–21 and Lk. 9:10–17 rely literarily on the Markan pericope.