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Lizard
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Lizard
Lizard A reptile declared unclean in the law (Lev 11:29–30). Also mentioned in Proverbs in reference to their small size and ubiquitous presence (Prov 30:28).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Lizard
Lizard. Small reptile with scaly skin, four legs, and a long tail.See Animals.
Great Lizard
Great Lizard. One of the reptiles which the Jewish Law listed as ceremonially unclean (Lv 11:29).See Animals (Lizard).
Crocodile
Crocodile. Large aquatic, flesh-eating reptile with a lizardlike body, long pointed head, long powerful tail, and short legs. Although specifically mentioned once (Lv 11:30), it is often identified with the Leviathan of Job 41.See Animals.
Skink
Skink. niv rendering of sand lizard, an unclean animal, in Leviticus 11:30.See Animals.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lizard
LizardOf the eight unclean “swarming things” listed in Lev. 11:29f, perhaps as many as six may have had some reptilian form, and thus could be considered as lizards in a general sense. These are: Heb. ṣāḇ (AV TORTOISE, NEB THORN-TAILED LIZARD, RSV GREAT LIZARD), ʾanāqâ (AV FERRET; NEB, RSV, GECKO),
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Lizard
LIZARD Small reptile with scaly skin, four legs, and a long tail. See Animals.
Great Lizard
GREAT LIZARD One of the reptiles that the Jewish law listed as ceremonially unclean (Lv 11:29). See Animals (Lizard).
Crocodile
CROCODILE Large aquatic, flesh-eating reptile with a lizardlike body; long, pointed head; long, powerful tail; and short legs. Although specifically mentioned once (Lv 11:30) in some versions, it is often identified with the Leviathan of Job 41. See Animals.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Lizard
lizard. Lev. 11:29–30 lists six types of lizards or reptiles as unclean animals: (1) the “great lizard” (tsab), probably to be identified with the Negev dabb lizard (Uromastyx); (2) the “gecko” (’anaqah, from a word meaning “groaning” or “crying”), a wide variety of which are found in the area; (3) the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lizard
LizardA reptile, usually small, of the suborder Lacertilia, a wide variety of which are found in the Middle East. Six different Hebrew words appear as designation of lizards only in Lev. 11:29–30. Because Hebrew zoological terms did not have the precision of modern scientific terminology, little is
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lizard
Lizard. †A reptile, usually small, of the suborder Lacertilia, a wide variety of which are found in Palestine. Among the unclean “swarming things that swarm upon the earth” are various types of lizards designated by six different Hebrew words (Lev. 11:29–30), all of which appear as designations of
Crocodile
Crocodile. One of the largest reptiles extant, attaining a length of about 6 m. (20 ft.); possibly referred to at Job 41:1 (Heb. liwyāṯān “Leviathan”; RSV mg., NIV mg. “crocodile”; so KoB, p. 477; Gesenius, p. 433). The description of this sea monster, especially the arrangement
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Lizard
Lizard (that which clings to the ground) (Heb. letââh. Lev. 11:30). Lizards of various kinds abound in Egypt, Palestine, and Arabia. The lizard denoted by the Hebrew word is probably the fan-foot lizard (Ptyodactylus gecko), which is common in Egypt and in parts of Arabia, and perhaps is found also
Tortoise
Tortoise (Heb. tsâb). The tsâb occurs only in Lev. 11:29, as the name of some unclean animal. The Hebrew word may be identified with the kindred Arabic dhab, “a large kind of lizard,” which appears to be the Psammosaurus scincus of Cuvier.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Lizard
LizardOnly in Lev. 11:30, as rendering of Hebrew letaah, so called from its “hiding.” Supposed to be the Lacerta gecko or fan-foot lizard, from the toes of which poison exudes. (See CHAMELEON.)
Tortoise
Tortoise(Heb. tsabh). Ranked among the unclean animals (Lev. 11:29). Land tortoises are common in Syria. The LXX. renders the word by “land crocodile.” The word, however, more probably denotes a lizard, called by the modern Arabs dhabb.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Lizard
Lizardlizard, a four-footed reptile. Lev. 11:30 lists six types of lizards or reptiles as unclean animals: the great lizard, the gecko, the land crocodile, the lizard, the sand lizard, and the chameleon. The great lizard is probably the Negev dabb lizard (Uromastyx). There are a number of varieties
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LIZARD
LIZARD<liz’-ard>: The list of unclean “creeping things” in Lev 11:29, 30 contains eight names, as follows:
SAND-LIZARD
SAND-LIZARD<sand’-liz-ard>. ([חֹמֶט‎, chomeT]; Septuagint [σαυ̂ρα, saura], “lizard”; the King James Version snail): ChomeT is 7th in the list of unclean “creeping things” in Leviticus 11:29, 30, and occurs nowhere else. It is probably a skink or some species of Lacerta.See LIZARD
LAND-CROCODILE (REVISED VERSION (BRITISH AND AMERICAN))]
LAND-CROCODILE (REVISED VERSION (BRITISH AND AMERICAN))]<land-crok’-o-dil> (כֹּחַ‎ [koach]; Septuagint [χαμαιλέων, chamaileon], Leviticus 11:30; the King James Version Chameleon): [Koach] is found only here, meaning an animal, the fifth in the list of unclean “creeping things.” Elsewhere is it translated
TORTOISE
TORTOISE<tor’-tus>, <tor’-tis>, <tor’-tois>. (the King James Version) (צָב‎ [tsabh], the Revised Version (British and American) “great lizard”; compare the Arabic word, dabb, the thorny-tailed lizard): The word [tsabh] occurs as the name of an animal only in Lev 11:29, being the third in the list
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