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Litani River
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A river in southern Lebanon that empties into the Mediterranean Sea just north of the Phoenician city of Tyre. The river likely marks the northern extent of the territory allotted to the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali. In the description of the territory of Asher in Josh 19:24–31, the northern boundary is said to extend up to “Sidon Rabbah” (צִידוֹן רַבָּה‎, tsidon rabbah) or Greater Sidon (Josh 19:28), then west to Tyre (Josh 19:29). The regions of Lebanon under Phoenician control are part of the territory of Canaan left unconquered by Israel in the list found in Josh 13:1–6 (compare Judg 1:31). Joshua 11:8 suggests the area of Greater Sidon around Misrephoth-Maim (מִשְׂרְפוֹת מַיִם‎, misrephoth mayim) marks Israel’s northern frontier. Since the deep gorge of the Litani would have formed a natural boundary, it may be that the river is meant by Misrephoth-Maim, the location mentioned twice in connection with the border with Sidon (Josh 11:8; 13:6). The second part of the name, mayim, means “water.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Litani
Litani A river in southern Lebanon that empties into the Mediterranean Sea just north of the Phoenician city of Tyre. The river likely marks the northern extent of the territory allotted to the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali. In the description of the territory of Asher in Josh 19:24–31, the
Misrephoth-Maim
Misrephoth-Maim (מִשְׂרְפוֹת מַיִם‎, misrephoth mayim). A location near the southern border of the territory of Sidon where Joshua and his army pursued the coalition of Canaanite kings (Josh 11:8). The site is also mentioned in the description of Canaanite regions that were not completely conquered (Josh
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Misrephoth-Maim (Place)
MISREPHOTH-MAIM (PLACE) [Heb miśrepôt māyim (מִשְׂרֶפֹות מָיִם) ]. A place in the S border of Sidon. It is also used as a parallelism for the S boundary of Sidon (Josh 11:8). Being located on the border, there is a tradition of regarding it as a frontier city. Though its exact location is disputed,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Misrephoth-Maim
Misrephoth-Maim. One of the northernmost places to which the Israelites pursued the fleeing Canaanite armies defeated at the waters of Merom (Jos 11:8). Misrephoth-maim, meaning “burning of water,” defined part of the boundary of land remaining yet to be possessed by Israel during the days of Joshua
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Misrephoth-Maim
Misrephoth-Maim miz̀re-fōth mā̀em [Heb miśrep̱ôṯ mayim < śārap̱—‘burn’; perhaps ‘lime burning at the water’]. A place on the Phoenician coast 48 km (30 mi) S of Sidon and 19 km (12 mi) N of Acco. It has been identified by some with Khirbet el-Musheirefeh (WHAB; GAB) and with ʿAin Mesherfi by
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Misrephoth-Maim
MISREPHOTH-MAIM One of the northernmost places to which the Israelites pursued the fleeing Canaanite armies defeated at the waters of Merom (Jos 11:8). Misrephoth-maim, meaning “burning of water,” defined part of the boundary of land remaining yet to be possessed by Israel during the days of Joshua (13:6).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Misrephoth-Maim
MISREPHOTH-MAIM. A place near the Mediterranean Sea to which Joshua chased the Canaanites after defeating them at the waters of Merom (Josh 11:8). Several places at the northern end of the Plain of Acco c. 12 miles S of Tyre still recall this name, but the exact location is uncertain. On the basis of
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Misrephoth-Maim
MISREPHOTH-MAIM (Heb. miśrep̱ôṯ-mayim). A limit of pursuit from *Merom (Jos. 11:8); the S border of Sidon (Jos. 13:6). If it was the rocky headland of Rosh Haniqra, Khirbet el-Mushreifeh (at the N end of the Acre plain) preserved the name; the gap in Late Bronze and Early Iron occupation would not
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Misrephoth-Maim
Misrephoth-Maim (Heb. mikrĕp̱ôṯ mayim)A place (perhaps the “eminence over the waters”), one of the border markers for the territory of the Sidonians (Josh. 13:6). After Joshua’s victory at the waters of Merom, the victorious Israelites pursued the army of the northern kings to Misrephoth-maim and
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Misrephoth-Maim
Misrephoth-Maim [mĭzˊrə fŏth māˊəm] (Heb. miśrep̱ôṯ mayim “lime-burning [?] at the waters” or “from the west”).† A place on the coast of Phoenicia. It is identified by some with the warm springs at ˓Ain Mesherfi or the ruins of Khirbet el-Musheirefeh on the Mediterranean Sea a short distance
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Misrephoth-Maim
MISREPHOTH-MAIM A town on the southern border of Sidon, where Joshua chased Jabin and the other Canaanite kings after the battle of Merom (Josh. 11:8). Identified with Khirbet el-Meshrifeh, south of Ras en-Naqura, which was inhabited in all periods.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Misrephoth-maim
Mis´rephoth-ma´im (the flow of waters), a place in northern Palestine. Dr. Thomson treats Misrephoth-maim as identical with a collection of springs called Ain-Musheirifeh, on the seashore close under the Ras en-Nakhura; but this has the disadvantage of being very far from Sidon. May it not rather be
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Misrephoth-Maim
MIS´REPHOTH-MA´IM (misʹre-fōth-maʹim; “hot springs,” lit., “burning of waters”). Understood by the Greek translators “as a proper name, though the rabbins and some Christian commentators render it in different ways, such as salt pits, smelting huts, or glass huts” (K. & D., Com.). It is mentioned (Josh.