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Lion killed by Samson
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The most powerful of all carnivores of ancient Palestine. An important symbol in the ancient Near East. In the Old Testament lions are said to make their lairs in the forest (Jer 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in mountain caves (Song 4:8; Nah 2:12), and on the banks of the Jordan River (Jer 49:19; 50:44; Zech 11:3). Lions figure in the stories of Daniel (Dan 6:7), Samson (Judg 14:5), David (1 Sam 17:34), and others.The lion is mentioned over 130 times in the Old Testament and less frequently in the New Testament, usually in a figurative sense. The lion symbolizes, among other things, victory (Gen 49:9; Num 23:24; 24:9; Mic 5:8; Deut 33:22; 1 Chr 12:8; Isa 5:29; Jer 4:7; 50:17; 1 Macc 3:4; Rev 9:17), wickedness (Prov 28:15; Ezek 22:25; Zeph 3:3; Jer 50:17), and the Messiah (Rev 5:5; 2 Esdras 11:37–46; 12:1, 31–32). In the kingdom of God, the lion lives at peace with other animals and with children (Psa 91:13; Isa 11:6–8; 65:25). The devil is likened to a roaring lion (1 Pet 5:8). The lion is usually one of the four apocalyptic creatures around the throne of God, depicting the universal praise of creation (Ezek 1:10; 10:14; Rev 4:7; Dan 7:4).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lion (אַרַיֵה‎, arayeh; λέων, leōn). The most powerful of all carnivores of ancient Palestine. An important symbol in the ancient Near East. In the Old Testament lions are said to make their lairs in the forest (Jer 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in mountain caves (Song 4:8; Nah 2:12), and on the banks of the
Samson
Samson the Judge (שׁמשׁון‎, shmshwn). The last judge mentioned in the book of Judges (Judg 13–16). A Nazirite who possessed supernatural strength and likely lived near the end of the 11th century bc.
Samson, Critical Issues
Samson the Judge, Critical Issues (שִׁמְשׁ֑וֹן‎, shimshon). Overviews the background and textual history surrounding Samson, a supernatural strongman from the tribe of Dan, and deliverer of Israel. Samson opposed the Philistines in south-central Canaan.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Samson (Person)
SAMSON (PERSON) [Heb šimšôn (שִׁמְשֹׁון)]. A warrior-deliverer whose personal vendetta against the Philistines, resulting from sexual encounters, cost him sight and life (Judges 13–16).A. IntroductionB. Literary Components of the NarrativeC. MotifsD. Rhetorical FeaturesE. Function of the Story
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Samson
Samson. Manoah’s son, from Dan’s tribe. His mother, whose name is not given in the Bible, was barren. The angel of the Lord announced to her that she would have a son, who was to be a Nazirite all of his life (i.e., he was not to drink wine or strong drink, not to eat anything ceremonially unclean, and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lion
Lion[Heb ʾaryēh (Gen. 49:9; Dt. 33:22; Jgs. 14:8f; etc.), ʾa (Nu. 23:24; 24:9; Jgs. 14:5; etc.); cf. Akk. arū; kep̱îr (Jer. 2:15; 51:38; Ezk. 32:2; etc.; “young lion,” Job 4:10; Ps. 17:12; 34:10 [MT 11]; etc.), kep̱îrʾarāyôṯ (“young lions,” Jgs. 14:5), lāḇîʾ (Dt. 33:20; Job 38:39;
Samson
Samson samʹsən [Heb. šimšôn; Gk. Sampsōn (He. 11:32)]. The last of the judges of Israel (Jgs. 13–16), Samuel excepted. His name is probably derived from Heb. šemeš, “sun.” Most likely he was named by his parents in anticipation of his sun-like strength (cf. Jgs. 5:31; Ps. 19:4c–5 [MT 5c–6]).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Samson
SAMSON Manoah’s son, from Dan’s tribe. His mother, whose name is not given in the Bible, had been barren. The angel of the Lord announced to her that she would have a son, who was to be a Nazirite all of his life (i.e., he was not to drink wine or strong drink, not to eat anything ceremonially unclean,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Lion
lion. Lions are currently restricted to Africa, but an Asian subspecies, Panthera leo persica, once inhabited the Near East. The Asian lion is distinguishable from its African cousin by its scantier mane, thicker coat, and longer tail tassel. The lion’s preference for river thickets is mentioned in Jer.
Samson
Samson (sam´suhn), an early Israelite hero. The traditions about Samson depict him as a judge who assisted his tribe, the Danites, in their struggle against the Philistines. The stories present him as a Nazirite from birth, but his passion for foreign women compromised the Nazirite vow, which required
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Samson
SAMSON. An Israelite hero from the tribe of Dan, the son of Manoah; one of the last of the judges before Samuel (Jdg 13:24–16:31). The derivation of his name Shimshôn is uncertain. It may be from Heb. shemesh, “sun,” meaning “sun-like,” given by his parents in anticipation of his heroic, sun-like energy,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Samson
SAMSON. Greater attention is given to Samson than to any other of Israel’s judges before Samuel (Jdg. 13–16). His name, šimšôn (Jdg. 13:24), derives from Heb. šemeš, ‘sun’, which has led some scholars to suggest a connection with a sun-mythology, Samson’s exploits being equated with the ‘twelve
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lion
LionA large carnivorous member of the cat family. The Asiatic lion, Panthera leo persica, was once common throughout the ancient Near East and Mediterranean but has been extinct in Palestine for centuries; in Mesopotamia, it survived in the marshes of the Tigris and Euphrates until the 19th century
Samson
Samson (Heb. šimšôn)The last of the great judges (Judg. 13–16) who led premonarchic Israel. The Danite Samson is said to have begun delivering Israel from the Philistines, their most persistent and threatening enemy.As with all of the judges, the depiction of Samson (diminutive of šemeš, “sun”)
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lion (Heb. ˒arî, ˒aryēh, kep̱îr, lāḇî˒; Aram. ˒aryēh; cf. Akk. arū, lābu; Gk. léōn; cf. Lat. leo).† Panthera leo or Felis leo, a large carnivorous member of the cat family. The Asiatic lion, Panthera leo persica, was once common throughout the ancient Near East and the Mediterranean,
Samson
Samson [sămˊsən] (Heb. šimšôn; from šemeš “sun, solar deity”; Gk. Sampsōn).† An Israelite hero, regarded as one of the judges. Samson’s birth was announced to his mother, the childless wife of the Danite Manoah, by an angel who said that the boy would be a Nazirite and that he would begin
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Lion
LION A feared predator in biblical Palestine, though now extinct in the region, having been hunted out of existence by the twelfth century a.d. The lion preyed upon flocks (Amos 3:12) and its roar was well known (Ps 104:21; Ezek 22:25). Lions were found in forests (Amos 3:4; Jer 49:19), desolate regions
Samson
SAMSON (Hebrew, probably “sun”) Perhaps the best known of the Judges. He was the instrument of deliverance from the Philistines at a time of prolonged Philistine domination (Judg 13–16).Samson was the son of Manoah, of the village of Zoprah of the tribe of Dan. His mother had been barren, like Sarah,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
lion
lion. The lion appears in early Christian art esp. in two connections. (1) In representations of the story of *Daniel, conceived as a ‘type’ of God’s redemption of His chosen people. This occurs among the earliest *catacomb paintings. (2) As the symbol of St *Mark. This symbolism, based on Ezek. 1 and
Samson
Samson (prob. 11th cent. bc), Hebrew hero, enemy of the Philistines and traditionally the last of the great ‘judges’. Acc. to Jgs. 13:2–16:31 he was the son of Manoah, of the tribe of Dan, born in answer to prayer and bound throughout his life by a *Nazirite vow. He was endowed with prodigious strength,
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