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Lion
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The most powerful of all carnivores of ancient Palestine. An important symbol in the ancient Near East. In the Old Testament lions are said to make their lairs in the forest (Jer 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in mountain caves (Song 4:8; Nah 2:12), and on the banks of the Jordan River (Jer 49:19; 50:44; Zech 11:3). Lions figure in the stories of Daniel (Dan 6:7), Samson (Judg 14:5), David (1 Sam 17:34), and others.The lion is mentioned over 130 times in the Old Testament and less frequently in the New Testament, usually in a figurative sense. The lion symbolizes, among other things, victory (Gen 49:9; Num 23:24; 24:9; Mic 5:8; Deut 33:22; 1 Chr 12:8; Isa 5:29; Jer 4:7; 50:17; 1 Macc 3:4; Rev 9:17), wickedness (Prov 28:15; Ezek 22:25; Zeph 3:3; Jer 50:17), and the Messiah (Rev 5:5; 2 Esdras 11:37–46; 12:1, 31–32). In the kingdom of God, the lion lives at peace with other animals and with children (Psa 91:13; Isa 11:6–8; 65:25). The devil is likened to a roaring lion (1 Pet 5:8). The lion is usually one of the four apocalyptic creatures around the throne of God, depicting the universal praise of creation (Ezek 1:10; 10:14; Rev 4:7; Dan 7:4).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lion (אַרַיֵה‎, arayeh; λέων, leōn). The most powerful of all carnivores of ancient Palestine. An important symbol in the ancient Near East. In the Old Testament lions are said to make their lairs in the forest (Jer 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in mountain caves (Song 4:8; Nah 2:12), and on the banks of the
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lion
Lion[Heb ʾaryēh (Gen. 49:9; Dt. 33:22; Jgs. 14:8f; etc.), ʾa (Nu. 23:24; 24:9; Jgs. 14:5; etc.); cf. Akk. arū; kep̱îr (Jer. 2:15; 51:38; Ezk. 32:2; etc.; “young lion,” Job 4:10; Ps. 17:12; 34:10 [MT 11]; etc.), kep̱îrʾarāyôṯ (“young lions,” Jgs. 14:5), lāḇîʾ (Dt. 33:20; Job 38:39;
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Lion
lion. Lions are currently restricted to Africa, but an Asian subspecies, Panthera leo persica, once inhabited the Near East. The Asian lion is distinguishable from its African cousin by its scantier mane, thicker coat, and longer tail tassel. The lion’s preference for river thickets is mentioned in Jer.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lion
LionA large carnivorous member of the cat family. The Asiatic lion, Panthera leo persica, was once common throughout the ancient Near East and Mediterranean but has been extinct in Palestine for centuries; in Mesopotamia, it survived in the marshes of the Tigris and Euphrates until the 19th century
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lion (Heb. ˒arî, ˒aryēh, kep̱îr, lāḇî˒; Aram. ˒aryēh; cf. Akk. arū, lābu; Gk. léōn; cf. Lat. leo).† Panthera leo or Felis leo, a large carnivorous member of the cat family. The Asiatic lion, Panthera leo persica, was once common throughout the ancient Near East and the Mediterranean,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Lion
LION A feared predator in biblical Palestine, though now extinct in the region, having been hunted out of existence by the twelfth century a.d. The lion preyed upon flocks (Amos 3:12) and its roar was well known (Ps 104:21; Ezek 22:25). Lions were found in forests (Amos 3:4; Jer 49:19), desolate regions
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
lion
lion. The lion appears in early Christian art esp. in two connections. (1) In representations of the story of *Daniel, conceived as a ‘type’ of God’s redemption of His chosen people. This occurs among the earliest *catacomb paintings. (2) As the symbol of St *Mark. This symbolism, based on Ezek. 1 and
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lion. “The most powerful, daring, and impressive of all carnivorous animals, the most magnificent in aspect and awful in voice.” At present lions do not exist in Palestine; but they must in ancient times have been numerous. The lion of Palestine was in all probability the Asiatic variety, described by
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Lions
Lionsthe most powerful of all carnivorous animals. Although not now found in Palestine, they must have been in ancient times very numerous there. They had their lairs in the forests (Jer. 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in the caves of the mountains (Cant. 4:8; Nah. 2:12), and in the canebrakes on the banks of
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Lion
Lionlion, a large predatory feline. The lion (Heb. ari; Gk. leōn) is frequently depicted in the Bible, often as a symbol of danger, but also one of strength. Today lions are more or less restricted to Africa, but an Asian subspecies, Panthera leo persica, once inhabited Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine,
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
Lion
LionThe Israelites based their opinion of the lion on their encounters with it as pastoralists (Amos 5:19). They knew the lion as a ruthless, almost unstoppable killer, taking from the flock at will. It frequently worked from ambush, but even when not actively hunting, its roar, audible for miles, spread
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