Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A white textile material produced from the fibers of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum). One of the earliest known textile materials.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Linen; Fine Linen; Linen Garment
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
linen, a fabric woven from yarn made of flax. Flax appears to have been the first vegetable fiber cultivated by early agriculturalists. Flax was also cultivated for its seeds, called linseeds, which contain oil and protein. Flax plants require a great amount of moisture and thus are best suited to areas
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LINEN. Thread or cloth made from flax. The word linen represents several Heb. and Gr. words. The material designated by them in general is the product of the flax plant (Ex 9:31). It is an annual, cultivated mainly for its fiber. The long, silky fiber is separated from the wood-like stem by rotting or
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
LINEN. The Heb. word šēš (Egyp. sś) is rendered ‘fine linen’. The following Heb. words are rendered by ‘linen’: baḏ, pištâ, bûṣ and ’ēṭûn (cf. Egyp. ’idmy, ‘yarn’ in rv). The word pištâ means actually the flax of which linen was made. As early as the 14th century bc the word pšt, or plural
YARN. In the Bible the yarns mentioned are goats’ hair, camels’ hair, cotton (Heb. karpas; Est. 1:6; cf. EBi, 1, p. 915), linen and silk (Ezk. 16:10; Rev. 18:12). Cotton, from the lint around the seeds produced by the shrub Gossypium herbaceum, originated in ancient India, but spread E only in the Gk.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Flax, LinenA winter annual plant with slender long stems (Linum usitatissimum L.). The stem of the flax plant produces fibers for weaving into linen fabrics, while its seeds produce oil that can be used for eating and for lamp oil. However, the best fibers for spinning into linen are those that are
Catholic Bible Dictionary
LINEN A fine cloth made from flax and manufactured especially in Egypt. It was a luxury item in the ancient world. Hebrew has several different words for linen, including šēš, bad, pištâ, and bûṣ (the last is likely a loan word from the Greek byssos); the exact difference among them is not always clear.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Linen, cloth made from flax. Several different Hebrew words are rendered linen, which may denote different fabrics of linen or different modes of manufacture. Egypt was the great centre of the linen trade. Some linen, made from the Egyptian byssus, a flax that grew on the banks of the Nile, was exceedingly
Yarn. The notice of yarn is contained in an extremely obscure passage in 1 Kings 10:28; 2 Chron. 1:16. The Hebrew Received Text is questionable. Gesenius gives the sense of “number” as applying equally to the merchants and the horses: “A band of the king’s merchants bought a drove (of horses) at a price.”
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
LINEN. Linen was well known in the ancient biblical world. The Egyptians were especially famous for their fine linen. The flax was planted in Egypt in November and gathered almost four months later. It had to be separated from its seeds, bunched, retted, laid in the sun, and immersed in water to bleach
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Linenlinen, a fabric woven from flax yarn. Flax appears to have been the first vegetable fiber cultivated by early agriculturalists. Flax was also cultivated for its seeds, called linseeds, which contain oil and protein. As archaeologists today routinely collect paleobotanical samples, the origins