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Lilies
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A phrase in the title of Psalm 80 translated “To the tune of ‘The Lilies of the Covenant’ ” (Psa 80 NIV). Shoshannim (שֹׁשַׁנִּ֑ים‎, shoshannim) is the plural form of (Shushan) found in Psalm 60. The shoshannim may have been a musical instrument whose shape resembled a lily (Psa 45; 69). A similar phrase, Shushan Eduth (שׁוֹשַׁן עֵדוּת‎, shoshan eduth), exists in the title of Psalm 60. Eduth (עֵדוּת‎, eduth) is used throughout the Old Testament for written testimony and general covenant.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
Shoshannim Eduth (שֹׁשַׁנִּ֑ים עֵד֖וּת‎, shoshannim eduth). A phrase in the title of Psalm 80 translated “To the tune of ‘The Lilies of the Covenant’ ” (Psa 80 NIV). Shoshannim (שֹׁשַׁנִּ֑ים‎, shoshannim) is the plural form of (Shushan) found in Psalm 60. The shoshannim may have been a musical instrument
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Shoshannim, Shoshannim-eduth
Shoshannim, Shoshannim-eduth. Hebrew word and phrase in the superscriptions of Psalms 45; 69, and 80 (kjv), translated “according to Lilies” (rsv); perhaps a familiar ancient melody to which the psalms were performed.See Music and Musical Instruments.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lilies (Acccording To)
Lilies (Acccording To)The RSV translation of Heb. ʿal-šōšannîm in the superscriptions to Pss. 45, 69, and 80 (AV “upon Shoshannim”; NEB omits superscriptions). “Lilies” may refer to the title or the first word of a song to the tune of which these psalms were sung. See Eduth; see also Music III.B.
Shoshannim
Shoshannim shō-shanʹəm. The AV transliteration of Heb. šōšannîm in the superscriptions to Pss. 45, 69, and 80. The RSV translates it “lilies.” See Lilies (According to); see also Eduth.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim, Shoshannim-Eduth
SHOSHANNIM*, SHOSHANNIM-EDUTH* Hebrew word and phrase in the superscriptions of Psalms 45, 69 and 80 (kjv), translated “according to Lilies” (rsv; see also nlt); perhaps a familiar ancient melody to which the psalms were performed. See Music (page 922).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Shoshannim
SHOSHANNIM, SHOSHANNIM-EDUTH. Shoshannim, in the superscriptions of Ps 45 and 69, and Shoshannim-Eduth, in the superscription of Ps 80, probably refer to the melodies according to which the psalms were to be sung, although now the melodies are lost.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
Shoshan´nim (lilies). “To the chief musician upon Shoshannim” is a musical direction to the leader of the temple choir which occurs in Pss. 45, 69, and most probably indicates the melody “after” or “in the manner of” (Authorized Version “upon”) which the psalms were to be sung. Shoshannim-eduth occurs
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
Shoshannimlilies, the name of some musical instrument, probably like a lily in shape (Ps. 45; 69, title). Some think that an instrument of six strings is meant.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
ShoshannimShoshannim (shoh-shanʹim; rsv: ‘lilies’), a term in the kjv that appears in the titles of Psalms 45, 69, and 80. It seems to have been a type of instruction concerning performance, perhaps referring to the melody to be used. See also Music.
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
Sho-shanʹnim [lilies], a musical direction to the leader of the temple choir which occurs in Ps. 45, 69, 80, and which indicates most probably the melody in which these psalms are to be sung.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Shoshannim
SHOSHANNIM (Shō shănʹ nĭm) Transliteration of Hebrew word meaning “lotuses.” Technical term used in titles of Pss. 45; 60; 69; 80. It may be the title of a melody, a flower used in a ceremony seeking a word from God, designation of a love song later expanded in meaning, or indication of a six-stringed
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