The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Light and Darkness
Light and Darkness A symbolic theme of ethical dualism present from the beginning of the Old Testament and developed throughout the Bible.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Light[Heb nouns: usually ʾôr (Gen. 1:3–5, 11; etc.), also ʾûr (Isa. 50:11), ʾôrâ (Est. 8:16; Ps. 139:12), māʾôr (Gen. 1:14–16; etc.), nōg̱ah (Isa. 50:10), nehārâ (Job 3:4); vbs: hiphil of ʾôr (Gen. 1:15; etc.), hiphil of yāp̱aʿ, (Job 10:22), hiphil of nāg̱ah (2 S. 22:29), etc.; Aram nehôr
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
LIGHT Illumination that makes sight possible.In the Old Testament Light is a many-sided concept in the OT. The term is often used of ordinary, sensible light, but it also speaks of communicating spiritual truth. Light was the first thing God created after the heavens and earth (Gn 1:3). God also made
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
light. Light is the first thing created by God in the book of Genesis; before God said “Let there be light” there was only darkness (1:1–3). The sun, the moon, and the stars are specifically mentioned as the lights of the firmament and as sources of light for all who dwell on earth (1:14–18). In the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LIGHTThe Origin of LightThe first recorded words of God are, “Let there be light” (Gen 1:3). Thus light came into being by the direct command of God. It was acclaimed as “good,” was divided from the darkness, and was called “day” (Gen 1:4–5).It is to be noted that light existed before the creation
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
LIGHT. The word is used in connection with joy, blessing and *life in contrast to sorrow, adversity and death (cf. Gn. 1:3f.; Jb. 10:22; 18:5f.). At an early time it came to signify God’s presence and favour (cf. Ps. 27:1; Is. 9:2; 2 Cor. 4:6) in contrast to God’s judgment (Am. 5:18). From this and other
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
LightLight (Heb. ʾôr) is God’s creation (Gen. 1:3–5), further distinguished as the lights of the firmament, the sun, moon, and stars (vv. 14–18). “Light” can refer literally to morning light or dawn (Gen. 44:3; Judg. 16:2; 19:26; 1 Sam. 14:36) and to the light of a lamp or fire (Exod. 25:37; Num. 4:16;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Light (Heb. ˒ôr; Gk. phṓs).† God’s first acts of creation were the creation of light and the separation of light and darkness (Gen. 1:3–5). God maintains his creation by maintaining this separation of day and night (Ps. 104:19; 148:3–6; Jer. 31:35–36; 33:25). The heavenly bodies through which
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
LIGHT אורI. The Hebrew noun אור, traditionally vocalized ʾûr when it means ‘fire’, and ʾôr when it refers to the ‘light’ provided by fire, is never used as a divine name in the Bible. It occurs as a divine predicate, though, and was personified in the post-biblical period. The theophoric element אור
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
LightThe use of light in the Gospels follows, on the whole, the use of light in the OT and late Hellenistic Judaism. Hebrew thought uses light as a symbol of the divine presence and salvation (Ex 13:21; Ps 27:1; 36:9; Is 60:19), often of the future eschatological (see Eschatology) salvation* (Mic 7:8;
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Light and darknessPaul occasionally uses the universal symbols of light and darkness in a manner in keeping with his Jewish heritage. Light originates and is associated with God, while darkness is associated with the enemy, Satan. The world is in darkness until the light of the gospel breaks in and
Key passages
Ge 1:3–5

And God said, “Let there be light!” And there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good, and God caused there to be a separation between the light and between the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the …

Jn 8:12

Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world! The one who follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”

Eph 5:8–9

for you were formerly darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Live like children of light (for the fruit of the light is in all goodness and righteousness and truth),

See also
Topics & Themes