Belie • Fabrication • False • Falsehood • Leasing • Liar • Liars • Lies • Lies and Deceits • Lying • Phony • Prevaricate • Untruth
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Lie; Lying[Heb šāq̱ar, šeqer, kāzaḇ, kāzāḇ, kāḥaš, kaḥaš, šāwʾ—‘emptiness, worthlessness’ (Ps. 12:2 [MT 3]; 144:8, 11; Isa. 59:4); Aram kiḏbǎ (Dnl. 2:9); Gk. pseúdomai, pseúdos, apseudḗs—‘free from deceit’ (Tit. 1:2, “never lies”)]; AV also FALSEHOOD, FALSELY, VANITY, LEASING (Ps.
Belie (Jer. 5:12, AV). Archaic for “speak falsely.” The NEB has “denied.”
Leasing[Heb kāzaḇ—‘lie, deceive’] (AV Ps. 4:2 [MT 3]; 5:6 [MT 7]). Archaic term for Lie.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
lying. In the Ten Commandments, Israel is exhorted against using God’s name for false oaths and against bearing false witness (Exod. 20:7, 16; Deut. 5:11, 20). Elsewhere, it is said that witnesses who testify falsely will receive the punishment that would have been meted out to their accused (Deut. 19:15–21).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LIE. A false statement or piece of information deliberately given as being true; anything meant to deceive. See Deceit.Satan authored “the lie” (to pseudos) in his original apostasy (Jn 8:44; cf. Isa 14:12–20; Ezk 28:1–19). Man in his apostasy likewise preferred “the lie” (to pseudos) to God’s truth
LEASING. An obsolete word for lying (q.v.), used twice in the KJV (Ps 4:2; 5:6) but not at all in the ASV, RSV, or NASB.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Lie, Lying
LIE, LYING (Heb. šeqer, ‘falsehood’, ‘deception’; kāzāḇ, ‘lie’ or ‘deceptive thing’; Gk. pseudos and cognates). Essentially, a lie is a statement of what is known to be false with intent to deceive (Jdg. 16:10, 13). Biblical writers severely condemn aggravated forms of lying, e.g. those which perpetrate
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
LyingUsually a spoken attempt to deceive, but sometimes used to refer to a deceptive action. Gk. pseúdos corresponds to a number of Hebrew terms with related nuances: šqr, “trick or treat someone falsely”; kḥš, “treating someone treacherously”; kzb, “speaking what is untrue or being false to reality”;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Lying (Heb. šeger, šāgar, kāḥaš, kaḥaš, kāzaḇ, kāzāḇ, šāw˒, šeqer, šāw˒; Aram. kiḏbâ; Gk. pseúdos, pseúdomai, apseúdēs, dólos).† Lying is condemned in a number of ways in the Bible, and never commended as a general practice. It is directly prohibited in the Pentateuch
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
LIES כזביםI. The plural noun kĕzābîm ‘lies’ without any pronominal suffix is attested 10 times in the Hebrew Bible independent of any association with gods, demons or idolatry. It is widely held, however, that the form kizbêhem (‘their lies’ with third person plural pronominal suffix) in Amos 2:4,
FALSEHOOD שׁקרI. The basic meaning of the verbal root šqr, attested inter alia in Hebrew, Old Aramaic, Jewish Aramaic, and Syriac is: ‘to deceive, act perfidiously’, with corresponding nominal derivations (cf. HALAT s.v. šeqer), not ‘to lie’, as has been established by Klopfenstein (1964; cf. Klopfenstein
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
lying. A lie is a statement not in accordance with the mind of the speaker, made with the intention of deceiving. In the OT the practice of lying is denounced as an attribute of sinners (Lev. 19:11, Ps. 5:6, Prov. 6:17), though it is sometimes recorded of otherwise righteous people, e.g. of *Abraham
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Leasing (falsehood). This word is retained in the DAV of Ps. 4:2; 5:6, from the older English versions; but the Hebrew word of which it is the rendering is elsewhere almost uniformly translated “lies.” Ps. 40:4; 58:3, etc.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
LIE. A lie is the utterance by speech or act of that which is false, with intent to mislead or delude. In Scripture the word is used to designate all the ways in which men deny or alter the truth in word or deed, as also evil in general. Good is designated as truth and evil as its opposite. Hence the
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Liean intentional violation of the truth. Lies are emphatically condemned in Scripture (John 8:44; 1 Tim. 1:9, 10; Rev. 21:27; 22:15). Mention is made of the lies told by good men, as by Abraham (Gen. 12:12, 13; 20:2), Isaac (26:7), and Jacob (27:24); also by the Hebrew midwives (Ex. 1:15–19), by Michal
Leasing(Ps. 4:2; 5:6) an Old English word meaning lies, or lying, as the Hebrew word kazabh is generally rendered.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Lyinglying, the act of telling falsehoods as truth. Israel is exhorted against using God’s name for false oaths and lying on the witness stand in the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20:7, 16; Deut. 5:11, 20). Witnesses who testify falsely will receive the punishment that would have been meted out to their
Key passages
Ge 4:9

Then Yahweh said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” And he said, “I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?”

Ex 20:16

“You shall not testify against your neighbor with a false witness.

Jn 8:44

You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father! That one was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand firm in the truth, because truth is not in him. Whenever he speaks the lie, he speaks from his own nature, because he is a liar and the father of lies. …

See also
Topics & Themes