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Libya
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The country in North Africa located immediately west of Egypt. Libyans were part of Shishak’s army when he invaded Judah (2 Chr 12:3; 16:8; Nah 3:9). Many biblical references to Libya or the Libyans include them among allies of Egypt (2 Chr 12:3; 16:8; Dan 11:43) or mention them along with other kingdoms of northern Africa, like Egypt, Ethiopia, Put, and Lud (Ezek 30:5; Nah 3:9). In 2 Chronicles 16:7–9, Hanani the seer criticizes Asa, king of Judah, for relying on Aram (or Syria) for military assistance instead of trusting Yahweh. Hanani reminds Asa how Yahweh had delivered him from a large army composed of Cushites (or Ethiopians) and Libyans—an allusion to Judah’s successful defense against invasion in 2 Chr 14:9–15. Hanani’s reference to Libyans suggests they were part of the invading force from 2 Chr 14, even though Libyans are not mentioned explicitly in that account. The North African allies of Egypt—Cush, Put, Lud, and Libya—are frequently mentioned together, often in pairs (Jer 46:9; Ezek 27:10; 30:5; 38:5; Nah 3:9). The similar Hebrew spellings of the names led to inconsistencies among ancient witnesses to the biblical text. For example, the Septuagint uses Λίβυες (Libyes, “Libyans”) for “Put” (פוּט‎, phut) in Ezek 27:10 and 38:5, but for “Libyans” (לוּבִים‎, luvim) in 2 Chr 12:3 and 16:8 (as well as in Dan 11:43; Nah 3:9; Zimmerli, Ezekiel, 123). The graphical similarity between “Libya” (לוּב‎, luv) and “Lud” (לוּד‎, lud) also could have caused confusion between references to the different peoples. Libya is referred to as כּוּב‎ (kuv) in Ezek 30:5, but this is likely a scribal error for לוּב‎ (luv) (see Zimmerli, Ezekiel, 123). Libya is mentioned once in the New Testament, where it is associated with Cyrene (Acts 2:10).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Libya
Libya (לוּב‎, luv; Λιβύη, Libyē). The country in North Africa located immediately west of Egypt. Libyans were part of Shishak’s army when he invaded Judah (2 Chr 12:3; 16:8; Nah 3:9). Many biblical references to Libya or the Libyans include them among allies of Egypt (2 Chr 12:3; 16:8; Dan 11:43) or mention
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Libya (Place)
LIBYA (PLACE) [Heb kûb (כּוּב)]. LIBYAN. A land and people in N Africa, immediately W of Egypt (Ezek 30:5). It seems that the oldest Egyptian terms for these W neighbors are Tjehenu and Tjemehu (from the 3d millennium b.c.), but from about the period of Rameses II (the 13th century b.c.) onward this
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Libya, Libyans
Libya, Libyans. Country to the west of Egypt. Three different Hebrew words are so rendered, but there is some confusion of meaning, partly because of textual uncertainties and partly because classical writers tended to use “Libya” to describe non-Egyptian Africa in general.From the 12th century bc.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Libya
Libya libʹē-ə, libʹyə [Heb. lûḇîm (2 Ch. 12:3; 16:8; Nah. 3:9), luḇîm (Dnl. 11:43); LXX Gk. Libyes (pl of Libyē; RSV uses Libyes instead of Heb. kûḇ in Ezk. 30:5); NT Gk. Libyē (Acts 2:10)]; AV also LUBIM (S) (2 Ch. 12:3; 16:8; Nah. 3:9), CHUB (Ezk. 30:5). A land in northern Africa W of Egypt.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Libya, Libyans
LIBYA, LIBYANS Country and its inhabitants to the west of Egypt. Three different Hebrew words are so rendered, but there is some confusion of meaning, partly because of textual uncertainties and partly because classical writers tended to use “Libya” to describe non- Egyptian Africa in general.From the
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Libya
Libya (lib´ee-uh), an area on the north African coast of the Mediterranean Sea just west of Egypt. Its people participated in the invasion of Judah led by Pharaoh Shishak of Egypt against Rehoboam (2 Chron. 2:12). Similar forces were later defeated by Asa of Judah (16:8). Daniel saw Libyans serving the
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Libya
LIBYA. A nation represented in the Table of Nations (Gen 10; 1 Chr 1) as Phut, a descendant of Ham.The Libyans were fair complected people who inhabited the N coast of Africa. They have been designated by several names in ancient Egyptian texts: Tehenu (Old Kingdom), Temehu (Middle Kingdom), Meshwesh
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Libya (Lubim Av)
LIBYA (LUBIM AV). First occurs as Rbw (= Libu) in Egyp. texts of 13th–12th centuries bc, as a hostile Libyan tribe (Sir A. B. Gardiner, Ancient Egyptian Onomastica, 1, 1947, pp. 121*-122*). Libu as lûḇı̂m became a Heb. term for Libya, Libyans, and as libys became the general Gk. term ‘Libyan’ for the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Libya
Libya (Gk. Libýē; Egyp. Libu)The land and people occupying the area west of Egypt and Ethiopia. The Greeks used the name to designate the entire continent of Africa. Under the Romans, Libya was divided into two parts: Marmarica (east) and Cyrenaica (west). In 67 b.c.e. Cyrenaica (Libya superior) combined
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Libya
Libya [lĭbˊĭ ə] (Heb. lûḇîm Gk. Libyē).† The desert region of northern Africa west of the Nile valley of Egypt. Peoples from the Libyan desert fought periodically against Egypt from the third millenium B.C. In 950 the Libyan dynasty, which was to endure until 730, began with the accession
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Libya
Lib´ya. This name occurs only in Acts 2:10. It is applied by the Greek and Roman writers to the African continent, generally, however, excluding Egypt.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Libya
LIB´YA (libʹya). The country of the Lubim (Gen. 10:13), the tract lying on the Mediterranean between Egypt and Carthage (Ezek. 30:5; Acts 2:10). Cyrene was one of its cities. See Lubim.
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