Modernism • Postmodernism
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LIBERALISM. Liberalism or, as it is more popularly called, modernism is a system of religion which, rejecting the Bible as the infallible Word of God and disparaging objective, intellectual truth, is based on subjective, emotional, personal experience.Schleiermacher (1768–1834) was its founder. He held
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
liberalism. The word, which came into use early in the 19th cent., has been defined as ‘the holding of liberal opinions in politics or theology’. In theology it has been used with many different shades of meaning. If taken to mean freedom from bigotry and readiness to welcome new ideas or proposals
Modernism. A movement within the RC Church which aimed at bringing the tradition of Catholic belief into closer relation with the modern outlook in philosophy, the historical and other sciences and social ideas. It arose spontaneously and independently in several different countries in the later years
The Dictionary of Historical Theology
Modernism, Anglican
Modernism, AnglicanAnglican Modernism was part of a continuum, beginning in the liberalism of the nineteen the century (but Bethune-Baker sees its roots in the *deists, The Way of Modernism, p. 2) and evolving into the radicalism of the late twentieth century. It was never a unified ‘school’, but a
Modernism, Roman Catholic
Modernism, Roman CatholicThe term ‘Roman Catholic Modernism’ is somewhat ambiguous since it can refer to both a reform movement and a theological system. This movement and system together constituted a crisis for Roman Catholic theology and church discipline in the first decade of the twentieth century.
PostmodernityPostmodernity denotes a cluster of interrelated themes and attitudes, not a single system of thought. Its definition and scope may vary from context to context, not least because within postmodernism historical and socio-political context is thought radically to condition or determine all
Compton’s Encyclopedia
ModernismNew ideas in psychology, philosophy, and political theory in the early part of the 20th century kindled a search for a new mode of expression in literature. Urging experimentation in both literary form and subject matter, American poet Ezra Pound advised authors to “make it new.” Complex and
PostmodernismAn artistic movement in Western culture beginning in the 1940s, postmodernism rejects an ordered view of the world. In literature, the movement denies any inherent meaning in language and abandons conventional formal structure. Postmodern fiction is distinguished by irony and self-reference
Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church
LIBERALISMLiberalism, in the sense that is important for global theological reflection, denotes a broad range of philosophical perspectives and thinkers that emerged from the *Enlightenment and its antecedents. It is a dynamic tradition that has developed over time and whose influence is broad and far
Modernism and Postmodernisms
MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISMSAs the entry implies, postmodernism names any concerted reaction against “modernism.” Unfortunately, the nature of “modernism” as it refers to an era in Western European thought is a contested story. Of course, champions of modernism tell the story as one of human evolution
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
LiberalismLiberalism has its origins in the thought of the Enlightenment. In essence, Kant defined the Enlightenment as freedom from all authorities except one’s own thought, or freedom to think for oneself without subservience to authorities. Prior to Kant, most of the Deists promoted this project.
Postmodernism, PostmodernityD. Harvey defines postmodernism as a reaction against “positivist, technocratic, and rationalist universal modernism” (The Condition of Postmodernity [Oxford: Blackwell, 1989], 9). Many Christians therefore welcome this phenomenon as a dethronement of Enlightenment rationalism
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
liberalism. A term that has only become popular since the early nineteenth century, liberalism generally conveys an openness to nontraditional approaches in theology and political issues, but more broadly carries the connotation of optimism about the future and a confidence in change to bring about greater
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Liberalism, Ethical
liberalism, ethical. A theory of *social ethics that asserts that the positive aspirations shared by all humans can provide the basis for the construction of *society; a theory of *personal ethics that elevates the moral reasoning abilities of the individual as the locus of ethical *decision making.
Dictionary of Theological Terms
LiberalismThe theological movement also known as modernism. Liberalism denotes the movement’s free criticism of all theological claims. In effect, it is freedom from all restraint imposed by any theological a priori, meaning that any Biblical doctrine is open to be denied. Modernism denotes its preference
PostmodernismPostmodernism or postmodernity is the philosophical and theological rejection of the dominant philosophy and practices of the churches and states of the Western world between the 17th and the mid-20th centuries.Modernity is the term employed by social scientists to describe the world of
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
liberalism. In a religious sense, this term (or better, Classical Liberalism, also known as Modernism) refers to a movement that arose in Protestant circles in the middle of the 19th cent. and was prominent through the first decades of the 20th. It was characterized by an emphasis on free intellectual
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
modernism. An approach that accommodates the Bible and theology to contemporary thought, devaluing traditional views of biblical authority and supernaturalism. See biblical criticism.
Dictionary of Christianity and Science: The Definitive Reference for the Intersection of Christian Faith and Contemporary Science
POSTMODERNISM. While postmodernism is difficult to define, there are a number of common themes running through it. (1) Postmoderns reject the dominant Enlightenment worldview of modernism, (2) a rejection of the possibility that humans are impartial, objective, and unsituated observers; rather, advocates
See also
Topics & Themes