The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Libation A drink offering of water or wine poured out as a ritualistic act of worship (e.g., Exod 29:40–41; 30:9; 37:16; Hos 9:4). Libations often accompanied other types of offerings. Libations involving blood were associated with pagan practices (Psa 16:4).
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Libation. Ritual of pouring a liquid such as oil or wine upon the ground as a sacrifice.See Offerings and Sacrifices.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Libation[Heb neseḵ (Ex. 29:40f.; 30:9; 2 Ch. 29:35; Ps. 16:4; Jer. 44:17, 19, 25), nāsaḵ—‘pour out’ (“pour out as libation,” Ex. 37:16; Hos. 9:4), menaqqîṯ—‘offering bowl’ (Ex. 25:29; “bowl for libation,” Jer. 52:19); Gk. spéndō (“pour as a libation,” Phil. 2:17)]; AV DRINK-OFFERING, OFFERING
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
LIBATION* Ritual of pouring a liquid such as oil or wine upon the ground as a sacrifice. See Offerings and Sacrifices.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LIBATION. In antiquity libation referred to a liquid or a mixture of liquids poured upon a sacrificial offering as part of the sacrifice. Among the Hebrews, the amount of this libation was designated as the fourth part of a hin—a little more than two pints (Num 15:5). The libation usually consisted of
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
LibationA drink offering, usually of wine, poured out upon an altar or other cultic object as part of a sacrificial ceremony. Drink offerings were a common devotional practice among the peoples of the ancient Near East, and the use of libations in cultic ceremonies is well attested in the biblical literature.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Libation (Heb. neseḵ). A sacrifice of liquid, or drink offering. Libations were, along with livestock, grain, and oil, part of the regular offerings of the various classes of food products made by the Israelites every day and in larger quantities on fast days (Num. 28–29). “Strong (or intoxicating)
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
LIBATION. The act of pouring wine on the ground in divine worship. Sometimes other liquids have been used, such as oil, milk, water, and honey, but mostly it has been wine. Among the Greeks and Romans it was an essential part of solemn sacrifices. Libations were also in use among the Hebrews, who poured
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Drink-offeringconsisted of wine (Num. 15:5; Hos. 9:4) poured around the altar (Ex. 30:9). Joined with meat-offerings (Num. 6:15, 17; 2 Kings 16:13; Joel 1:9, 13; 2:14), presented daily (Ex. 29:40), on the Sabbath (Num. 28:9), and on feast-days (28:14). One-fourth of an hin of wine was required for one
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
LIBATION Act of pouring liquid as a sacrifice to a god. See Sacrifice and Offering.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
libation. The pouring of a liquid offering as a religious ritual. See sacrifice and offerings.
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Libation(Gk. χοή, Lat. libamen, libatio, profusio). An offering made by pouring out a liquid (e.g., beer, blood, milk, grain, honey, oil, water, wine) as a strategy for invigorating gods and humans. L. were common in funerary contexts during the Hellenistic and Greco-Roman periods. Both inhumation
Key passages
Is 57:6

Your portion is among the smooth stones of the valley; they, they are your lot; indeed, to them you have poured out a drink offering, you have brought a food offering. Shall I relent concerning these things?

Je 32:29

And the Chaldeans, who are fighting against this city, will come and set this city on fire, and they will burn it, and the houses where they have made smoke offerings on their roofs to Baal, and where they have devoted libations to other gods, in order to provoke me to anger.

Je 44:25

Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, ‘You and your wives have promised with your mouths and with your hands you have fulfilled, saying, “We certainly will carry out our vows that we vowed, to make smoke offerings to the queen of the heavens, and to pour out to her libations.” …

Sir 50:15

He stretched out his hand for the offering cup and poured out an offering from the blood of the grape; he poured out a sweet odor at the foundations of the altar to the Most High King of all.

1 Esd 6:31

in order that libations may be offered to the Most High God for the king and his servants, so that they might pray for their lives.”

See also
Topics & Themes