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Leprosy
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An infectious skin disease. The word often translated as “leprosy” in the Bible should actually be translated generally as “skin disease” because the exact type of skin disease is unclear; few, if any, of the cases mentioned align with the modern understanding of leprosy. These skin diseases cause uncleanness to the one bearing the disease.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosy (צָרַעַת‎, tsara'ath; λέπρα, lepra). An infectious skin disease. The word often translated as “leprosy” in the Bible should actually be translated generally as “skin disease” because the exact type of skin disease is unclear; few, if any, of the cases mentioned align with the modern understanding
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
LEPROSY. A disease in humans (also known as Hansen’s disease) caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This term “leprosy” is commonly used (more for convenience than medical accuracy) as a translation of Hebrew ṣāraʿat in the OT and Gk lepra in the NT. Scholars now generally agree that OT sāraʿat
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Leprosy
Leprosy, Leper. Chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a bacterium similar to the tuberculosis bacillus. The disease is manifested by changes in the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nerves. In the skin there are often patches of depigmentation but rarely a total loss of pigment,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Leper, Leprosy
LEPER, LEPROSY One afflicted with a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a bacterium similar to the tuberculosis bacillus. The disease is manifested by changes in the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nerves. In the skin there are often patches of depigmentation but rarely
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Leprosy
leprosy, in the Bible a disorder affecting humans, fabrics, and houses. Though it is not clear what all of these disorders were, it is certain that they were not modern leprosy (Hansen’s disease), which did not exist in the ancient Near East. The “leprosy” that occurred in fabrics and houses is described
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Leprosy
LeprosyA chronic, though not highly contagious, disease that primarily affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves, known also as Hansen’s disease. The cause is an organism, Mycobacterium laprae, identified by the Norwegian physician G. A. H. Hansen (1841–1912).Most scholars agree that Heb. ṣaraʿaṯ,
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosy (Heb. ṣāra˓aṯ; Gk. lepra).† A broad generic term for any number of eruptive skin diseases and disorders. Indeed, specific identification of the disease so named in the biblical accounts with that now called leprosy (from the formerly more general Latin loanword lepra) or Hansen’s disease
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Leprosy
LeprosyModern discussion of leprosy has largely centered on the distinction between true leprosy, that is, the disease caused by Hansen’s bacillus, and superficially similar diseases; on its treatment, including precautions against the infection of others; and on the avoidance of the pejorative term
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
LEPROSY Known today as Hansen’s disease and caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. In Scripture, the term “leprosy” is used for a wide variety of skin diseases or conditions as well as lesions or infections that might occur on the skin, on fabrics, and even on the walls of houses (Lev 13:47–59;
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosy(Heb. tsaraʾath, a “smiting,” a “stroke,” because the disease was regarded as a direct providential infliction). This name is from the Greek lepra, by which the Greek physicians designated the disease from its scaliness. We have the description of the disease, as well as the regulations connected
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
Leprosyleprosy, in the ot a disorder affecting humans, fabrics, and houses. There are different types of leprosy that afflict persons (Lev. 13). Though it is not clear what these skin diseases are, it is certain that they are not modern leprosy (Hansen’s disease). The plague in fabrics and houses is
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Leprosy
LEPROSY — a slowly progressing and incurable skin disease. In the Bible the word “leprosy” refers to a variety of symptoms. Modern medicine now recognizes that some of these symptoms belonged to diseases other than leprosy.There are several types of leprosy. Biblical leprosy was most likely a severe
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