Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A king associated with Prov 31:1–4. It is possible that this figure was associated with Massa, though the reference to Lemuel may instead apply to Solomon.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
LEMUEL (PERSON) [Heb lĕmûʾēl (לְמוּאֵל)]. The king of Massa, whose words (received from his mother) are recorded in Proverbs 31. Virtually nothing is known of Lemuel except that his territory or tribe was Massa (31:1). Massa is listed among Ishmael’s “descendants” (Gen 25:14), but its location remains
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Lemuel (lem´yoo-uhl; Heb., “belonging to God”), a king mentioned in Prov. 31:1–9 as being the addressee of his mother’s wisdom. Two different readings of 31:1 are possible. Following the Hebrew Masoretic Text, Lemuel may be regarded as the king of Massa. This is the reading adopted by the rsv and njb,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
LEMUEL. The name means “belonging to God.” Lemuel is mentioned in Prov 31:1–9 as writing the apothegms or oracles taught him by his mother. Nothing is known of him, but the rabbinical commentators identified him with Solomon; others (as Gesenius) think the name refers to some petty Arabian prince; still
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
LEMUEL. King of *Massa, whose mother’s instructions concerning good government and the dangers of sensuality and over-indulgence in wine are recorded in Pr. 31:1–9. Modern scholars have not generally accepted the rabbinic tradition, which says that Lemuel and the names in Pr. 30:1 are attributes of Solomon,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Lemuel (Heb. lĕmûʾēl)A king (“belonging/dedicated to God”) mentioned in Prov. 31:1, 4, otherwise unknown. Some conjecture that he was the king of the territory or tribe Massa, yet others assert that Lemuel refers to Solomon. The punctuation and accentuation in the Leningrad Codex (B19) indicate that
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Lem´uel (dedicated to God), the name of an unknown king to whom his mother addressed the prudential maxims contained in Prov. 31:1–9. The rabbinical commentators identified Lemuel with Solomon. Others regard him as king or chief of an Arab tribe dwelling on the borders of Palestine, and elder brother