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Legion
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The capital of the Roman province of Peraea (Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26–39). Identified with the modern village of Umm Qeis, which is surrounded by very extensive ruins. A number of sculpted sarcophagi can be found among its tombs. For a discussion of the relationship between Gadara, Gerasa, and Gergesa, see this article: Gerasenes.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Gadara
Gadara The capital of the Roman province of Peraea (Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26–39). Identified with the modern village of Umm Qeis, which is surrounded by very extensive ruins. A number of sculpted sarcophagi can be found among its tombs. For a discussion of the relationship between Gadara, Gerasa, and Gergesa,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Gadarenes
GADARENES [Gk Gadarēnos (Γαδαρηνος)]. The name of the territory where Jesus cast demons out of 2 men and into a herd of swine (Matt 8:28). See also GERASENES. This area is associated with the site of Gadara, modern Umm Qeis (M.R. 214229), located near the N border of Jordan, about 10 km SE of the S
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Legion
Legion. A unit of the Roman army. In NT times the standard size of the legion was 6000 men, to which some 120 cavalry were added.Because it represented a large body of men, the word “legion” came to be used symbolically for an indefinitely large number; this use occurs four times in the NT. In the story
Gadara, Gadarenes
Gadara, Gadarenes. City of the Decapolis and its inhabitants, mentioned only once in the better manuscripts of the NT (Mt 8:22). Jesus had crossed to the eastern side of the Sea of Galilee and healed the demoniac, Legion, whom he encountered in “the country of the Gadarenes” (Mt 8:28, kjv Gergesenes).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Legion
Legion[Gk legeṓn, legiṓn <Lat legio]. Literally, a military unit of six thousand soldiers in the Roman army (see Army, Roman I.B; see also Jerusalem III.I). In the NT the term is used to symbolize the immense power and numbers of spiritual forces: both the angelic hosts of the kingdom of God (Mt.
Gadara
Gadara gadʹer-ə [Gk. Gadara]; GADARENES gadʹə-rēnz [Gk. Gadarēnoi]. Gadara was one of the more important cities of the Decapolis (Polybius v.71.3; Pliny Nat. hist. v.74; Josephus Ant. xvii.11.4 [320]). The Gadarenes were the inhabitants of the city and the attached territory (Ant. xv.10.2f [351, 354–59]).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Legion
LEGION A unit of the Roman army. In NT times the standard size of the legion was 6,000 men, to which some 120 cavalry were added.Because it represented a large body of men, the word “legion” came to be used symbolically for an indefinitely large number; this use occurs four times in the NT. In the story
Gadara, Gadarenes
GADARA*, GADARENES City of the Decapolis and its inhabitants, mentioned only once in the better manuscripts of the NT. Jesus had crossed to the eastern side of the Sea of Galilee and healed the demoniac named Legion, whom he encountered in “the country of the Gadarenes” (Mt 8:28). Mark’s account in 5:1
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Legion
legion.1 A large unit of soldiers in the Roman army. With Augustus’s reorganization of the Roman army a legion was composed of 5,400 to 6,000 men and a like number of auxiliary troops. The standing army consisted of twenty-eight legions until 9 ce, when it decreased to twenty-five. This reduction remained
Gadara, Gadarenes
Gadara (gad´uh-ruh), Gadarenes (gad´uh-reenz). Some biblical manuscripts mention the “country of the Gadarenes” as the site of a dramatic exorcism performed by Jesus (Matt. 8:28–34; Mark 5:1–10; Luke 8:26–39). The account is remarkable in that it involves a large number of demons being cast into a herd
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Legion
LEGION. The main unit of the Roman army in NT times, ordinarily numbering 6,000 men. The legion was divided into ten cohorts, each composed of three maniples, which in turn were made up of two centuries. In the NT the term is only used to refer to demons (Mk 5:9, 15; Lk 8:30) or to angels (Mt 26:53).
Gadara
The “Pavement” excavated beneath the Convent of Our Lady of Zion. Sisters of ZionGADARA. Gadara (modern Umm Qeis) is located c. 1, 200 feet above the Mediterranean Sea, yet c. 1, 800 feet above the Sea of Tiberias, which it overlooks at a distance of six miles to the SE. It has a commanding view of
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Legion
LEGION. Gk. legeōn (from Lat.legio), used four times in the NT, was the main division of the Roman army and comprised between 4,000 and 6,000 men. It was divided into ten cohorts and these in turn into six centuries each. Sometimes a small cavalry division (ala) of about 120 was attached. In the 1st
Gadarenes, Gadara
GADARENES, GADARA. The only biblical references to the Gadarene area concern the story of the miracle of Legion and the swine. The word ‘Gadarenes’ is found in some texts or versions of Mt. 8:28; Mk. 5:1; and Lk. 8:26. The probability is, however, that it is the original reading only in Mt. (Compare
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Legion
LegionThe principal division in the Roman army (Gk. legîn, from Lat. legere, “to gather”). Following the defeat of Antony at the Battle of Actium (31 b.c.), Octavian made many military reforms. He reduced the number of legions from 60 or 70 to 28 (150 thousand men, plus an equal number of auxiliaries)
Gadara
Gadara (Gk. Gadara)A prominent Decapolis city from Pompey’s time (63 b.c.), modern Umm Qeis, whose history goes as far back as the Hellenistic period. Gadara was near the place where Jesus cast the demons out of a man (Mark 5:1–20; two men in Matt. 8:28–34). It is located on a plateau at the northeast
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Legion
Legion (Gk. legiṓn; Lat. legio).† The primary division of the standing citizen army of the Roman Empire. The number varied from time to time, but in New Testament times a legion consisted of theoretically 6000 men, in actuality about 5000 foot soldiers and 120 horsemen. A legion consisted of
Gadara, Gadarenes
GADARA [gădˊə rə] (Gk. Gadara), GADARENES [gădˊə rēnz] (Gk. Gadarēnoi). A major city of the Decapolis and its inhabitants; contemporary Muqeis (or Umm Qeis), about 10 km. (6 mi.) southeast of the Sea of Galilee, near the Yarmuk river. Gadara, with a predominantly Greek population (Josephus
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Gadara
GADARA a) A city south of the River Yarmuk, identified with the ruins of Umm Keis. In Hellenistic times it was one of the centers of Greek culture in the Transjordan; it was the home town of the poet Meleager, and of Menippus the Cynic (Strabo, xvi, 759). When, under Ptolemaic rule, the Assyrian-Persian
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Legion
LEGION λεγίωνI. Legion as a name of a →demon occurs only in Mark 5:9, 15 and the parallel in Luke 8:30. The meaning is explained in the context, when the demon replies: ‘Legion is my name, for we are many’ (Mark 5:9). A somewhat different explanation occurs in Luke 8:30: ‘Legion, for many demons entered