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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Leb-Qamai (לֵב קָמָֽי‎, lev qamay). A code name based on wordplay used for Chaldea, the region in southern Babylonia near the Persian Gulf (Jer 51:1).
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Leb-Qamai[Heb lēḇ qāmāy] (Jer. 51:1, RSV mg). A cipher for Chaldea (see Athbash), formerly taken as a corruption of qambullay and identified as Gambulai (BDB, p. 525).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
LEB-KAMAI. An artificial word (Je. 51:1, rv), formed by the device known as Athbash (explained under *Sheshach). The Heb. consonants l-b-q-m-y really represent k-ś-d-y-m, i.e. kaśdîm, ‘Chaldeans’; cf. rsvmg. The vowels added by the Massoretes give the word a quasi-meaning, ‘the heart of those that
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Leb-Qamai (Heb. lēḇ qāmāy)A cipher for Chaldea (Jer. 51:1; NRSV mg “Kasdim”).See Athbash.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Leb-Qamai [lĕb kämˊī] (Heb. lēḇ qāmāy). A cipher for Chaldea (Jer. 51:1, RSV mg.). See Athbash.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Leb Kamai
LEB KA´MAI (leb kaʹmī). A cryptic name for Babylonia or Chaldea (Jer. 51:1, NASB and NIV marg.).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Leb Kamai
LEB KAMAI [leb KAY my] — a code name for Chaldea, or Babylonia (Jer. 51:1; Leb-Kamai, REB; Leb-gamai, NRSV; Leb-qamai, NRSV margin).
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Leb-Kamai, Leb-Qamai
LEB-KAMAI, LEB-QAMAI (Lĕb-kāʹ mī) Transliteration of Hebrew text. A code name for Babylon (Jer. 51:1, NASB, NIV, NRSV, REB, RSV margin; Kambul, NEB). The code employed is athbash, a code which replaces each letter of a word with a letter that stands as far from the end of the alphabet as the coded
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Leb Kamai
Leb Kamai leb’kuh-mi’ (לֵב קָמָיH4214, “heart of my adversaries”). NRSV Leb-qamai. In an oracle against Babylon, God announces that he will stir up a destroying spirit (or wind) against “the people of Leb Kamai” (Jer. 51:1; KJV, “them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me”). It is
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
LEB-QAMAI leb´kuh-mi´ [לֵב קָמָיlev qamay]. Means “the heart of those who rise against me.” An ATHBASH cryptogram for “Chaldeans,” as revealed by the LXX (Jer 51:1 [LXX Jer 28:1]).
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