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Latin Language
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Latin was the official language of the Roman Empire, though Greek was the official language of commerce. In Palestine Aramaic was the vernacular in rural areas, while in the leading towns both Greek and Aramaic were spoken.Explicit reference to the language occurs in the New Testament only in John 19:20 (Ῥωμαϊστί, Rhōmaisti, “in the language of the Romans”). Its use is implicit in Acts. For example, it is likely that Tertullus made his plea against Paul before Felix (Acts 24) in Latin. It is also likely that Paul—a Roman citizen—knew Latin (Acts 22:25).In the New Testament, many Christians have Latin names: Aquila, Cornelius, Claudia, Crescens, Crispus, Fortunatus, Julia, Junia, etc. Many of the leaders of the time had Latin names: Agrippa, Augustus, Claudius, Antonius Felix, Porcius Festus, Gallio, etc.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Latin Language
Latin Language Latin was the official language of the Roman Empire, though Greek was the official language of commerce. In Palestine Aramaic was the vernacular in rural areas, while in the leading towns both Greek and Aramaic were spoken.Explicit reference to the language occurs in the New Testament
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Latin
Latin. Language of the Greco-Roman world. The supremacy of Rome, and the ramifications of its official relations with the people under its control, made the widespread use of Latin, Rome’s vernacular, inevitable. This led to a considerable Latin contribution to koinē (common) Greek. From the beginning
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Latin
Latin[Gk Rhōmaïsti] (Jn. 19:20). The language of the Roman rulers of Palestine in NT times. The term in Jn. 19:20 is an adverb meaning “in the language of the Romans,” i.e., “in Latin.” It is similar to the adjective found in the marginal reading of the Lukan parallel (23:38), Rhōmaïkos. The Bible
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Latin
LATIN One of the primary languages of the Greco- Roman world. The supremacy of Rome, and the ramifications of its official relations with the people under its control, made the widespread use of Latin, Rome’s vernacular, inevitable. This led to a considerable Latin contribution to koine (common) Greek.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Latin
Latin. The primary language used among the educated populace in the western part of the Roman Empire. The term “Latin” originally referred to a group of people who lived in the area of Latium, surrounding Rome. In the second century bce, Rome’s Latin allies had a citizenship of sorts, though they might
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Latin
LATIN. The language of Rome. Its Palestinian use was limited to legal, military, and governmental communications, since Greek was spoken more widely. The title of the cross “was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin” (Jn 19:20; Lk 23:38 marg.).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Latin
LATIN. The word is mentioned only twice in the NT (Lk. 23:38, rsvmg.; Jn. 19:20). An Indo-European language, it was spoken first in Rome and the contiguous Latian plain by racial elements which entered Italy, probably from the N, before 900 bc. Latin was confined to the Latian enclave by the alien Etruscan
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Latin
LatinThe language of the Romans in biblical times (John 19:20). Latin is significant for biblical studies in several ways: Early Latin translations provide textual witnesses for sections of some apocryphal works; textual critics use Latin translations in their study of the Greek OT and NT and of the
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Latin
Latin (Gk. Rhōmaïsti). † The language of Rome and the Roman Empire, hence the official (although locally primarily military) language of the rulers of Palestine in the New Testament period (e.g., John 19:20; cf. Luke 23:38 mg.). The influence of Latin vocabulary is particularly apparent in
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Latin
LATIN An Indo-European language that was the chief language of Rome and was commonly spoken throughout the western regions of the Roman Empire. Latin was one of the two main languages of the empire by the second century b.c., the other being Greek (the standard language in most of the East). Classical
Dictionary of New Testament Background
LATIN LANGUAGE
LATIN LANGUAGEThe standard opinion of scholars is that Latin had relatively no influence on the language milieu of first-century Palestine and has little to inform our understanding of the language Jesus used. This position has recently been questioned, and the evidence deserves examination. It is now
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Latin
Latin. The language of government and the courts, Latin was also the ordinary spoken language for many people throughout the W. provinces of the Roman empire. It was naturally used as one of the languages of the early Christians, though it was only in the 4th cent. that it came to supersede Greek.