Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The inhabitants of Lacedaemon, more commonly called Sparta. In the intertestamental period, the Jews formed alliances and claimed common ancestry with them going back to Abraham.They are called “Spartans” (Σπαρτιάται, Spartiatai) in 1 Macc 12:2, 5, 6, 20, 21; 14:20, 23; 15:23, and “Lacedaemonians” in 2 Macc 5:9. The alliance was formed between Areus, king of the Lacedaemonians, and Onias the high priest, who was in office 320–290 bc (Antiquities 12.225–28). The alliance was renewed ca. 146 bc by Jonathan (1 Macc 12:1–23; Antiquities 13.163–70), and again shortly thereafter by Simon (1 Macc 14:16–23).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
LACEDAEMONIANS. The Lacedaemonians were inhabitants of the Greek Pelopponese. Lacedaemonia, later called Sparta, was originally the name of a city-state settled during the Dorian invasion (ca. 1000 b.c.e.). Sparta supplanted Lacedaemonia as the capital of the SE Pelopponese and the region was then known
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Lacedaemonian las’uh-di-moh’nee-uhnz (Λακεδαιμόνιος). KJV Lacedemonian. An inhabitant of Lacedaemon, more commonly called Sparta, in southern Greece. The term occurs once in the Apocrypha (2 Macc. 5:9; in the KJV, however, this English term is used regularly for Gk. Spartiatai, “Spartans,” 1 Macc. 12:2
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
LACEDAEMONIANS las´uh-di-moh´nee-uhn [Λακεδαιμόνιοι Lakedaimonioi]. Lacedaemonia is another name for SPARTA in southern Greece. During the 2nd cent. bce there is evidence of a friendly relationship between Jews and the Spartans. JONATHAN wrote a letter renewing that friendship (1 Macc 12:5–23; Josephus,