The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Kerak A town east of the Dead Sea in the province of Moab; also the name for the plateau on which the town of Kerak is found. (Not to be confused with Khirbet el-Kerak in Galilee.)
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Kir-Hareseth (Place)
KIR-HARESETH (PLACE) [Heb qı̂r ḥăreśet (קִיר חֲרֶשֶׂת)]. A capital of ancient Moab identified with modern Kerak (M.R. 217066), located ca. 17 miles S of the Arnon and 11 miles E of the Dead Sea. Strategically located on a promontory that overlooks the Dead Sea, Kerak sits astride a major intersection
KERAK (M.R. 217066). A site in ancient Moab situated above Wadi el-Kerak which drains the Moabite plateau into the Jordan valley (this site should not be confused with Kh. Kerak on the SW shore of the Galilee, which has proved important in ceramic typology and chronology of the EB period; see KHIRBET
Kir (Place)
KIR (PLACE) [Heb qı̂r (קִיר)]. Apparently the name of two places mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. The word qîr in Hebrew means “wall,” but in Moabite it means “city.”1. A Moabite town (Isa 15:1), probably the same as Kir-Hareseth (Isa 16:7), modern Kerak. Although the LXX of Isa 15:1 has to teichos, “the
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Kir-haraseth, Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, Kir-heres
Kir-haraseth, Kir-hareseth, Kir-haresh, Kir-heres. Fortified city often identified with the ancient capital of Moab.See Kir #2.
Kir. 1. Mesopotamian city from which the Syrians migrated to Damascus and back to which they were later exiled by the Assyrians (Am 1:5; 9:7). Escape from Kir to Aram paralleled the exodus of the Israelites. It must have been a terribly bitter experience to be deported (by Tiglath-pileser) back to Kir
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Kir-hareseth kir-härʹə-seth, kir-härēʹseth [Heb. qîr ḥareśeṯ]; AV also KIR-HARASETH (pausal form in MT, 2 K. 3:25); KIR-HERES kir-heʹrəs [qîr ḥereś]; AV also KIR-HARESH (pausal form incorrectly pointed as in MT, Isa. 16:11). A Moabite city, probably the capital.The LXX reads toís katoikoúsin
Kir kir, kē̱-r [Heb. qîr—‘wall’; cf. Moabite qr—‘city’ (Moabite Stone, lines 11f, 24)]. A place to which Tiglathpileser, the Assyrian king, deported the Arameans of Damascus (2 K. 16:9f); it is traditionally considered to have been in Mesopotamia. Am. 1:5 (“and the people of Syria shall go into exile
Kir kir, kē̱-r of Moab [Heb. qîr môʾāḇ]. A city of Moab, apparently the capital, mentioned in an Isaianic oracle (15:1). In parallel stichs Isaiah, repeating the same words, uses the names Ar and Kir, possibly suggesting that these are identical. The LXX has Gk. tó teíchos, “the wall, fortress,”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
KIR-HARESETH Fortified city often identified with the ancient capital of Moab. See Kir #2.
KIR1. Mesopotamian city from which the Syrians migrated to Damascus and back to which they were later exiled by the Assyrians (Am 1:5; 9:7). Escape from Kir to Aram paralleled the exodus of the Israelites. It must have been a terribly bitter experience to have been deported (by Tiglath-pileser) back
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Kir (kihr).1 The place to which Assyria’s king Tiglath-pileser (ca. 745–727 bce) took his Damascus captives (2 Kings 16:9). It was remembered by Amos (9:7) as the ancestral home of the Syrians, to which they were condemned to return (1:5). It may also have been the source of allies in the action Isaiah
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
KIR1. The place from which the Aramaeans migrated to Syria (Amos 9:7). King Tiglath-pileser III of Assyria deported the Aramaean inhabitants of Damascus back to it as captives (2 Kgs 16:9; Amos 1:5). Its militia is represented as allied with Elam against Judah (Isa 22:6). The place has not yet been
KIR-HARASETH. Commonly identified with Kir of Moab, a chief city in the southern part of the Moabite kingdom, probably to be identified with Kerak, a city which figured significantly in the Crusades. It is alternately spelled Kir-hareseth (Isa 16:7), Kir-haresh (Isa 16:11), Kir-heres (Jer 48:31, 36).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Kir of Moab, Kir-Hareseth
KIR OF MOAB, KIR-HARESETH. A fortified city of S Moab, attacked but not taken by the kings of Israel, Judah and Edom (2 Ki. 3:25). During the siege, Mesha, king of Moab, offered up his eldest son ‘for a burnt offering upon the wall’.The Hebrew name (qîr ḥareśeṯ) means ‘the wall of potsherds’. The
KIR. In the Heb. text the name of the place of exile of the Syrians (2 Ki. 16:9; Am. 1:5), and a country, not necessarily the same, from which Yahweh brought them (Am. 9:7). This is perhaps not their original home, but a land occupied at some earlier stage in their history, parallel to Israel in Egypt
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Kir-Hareseth (Heb. qɩ̂r ḥărekeṯ), KIR-HERES (qɩ̂r ḥerek)One of the major cities of Moab, probably the capital, and likely the same as Kir Moab (Isa. 15:1). It is mentioned in Isaiah’s prophecy (Isa. 16:7, 11) and in Jeremiah’s message concerning Moab (Jer. 48:31, 36). The alternate form Kir-heres
Kerak (Arab. Karak) (also KARAK)A major city in the western part of central Jordan; capital of a modern Jordanian administrative district (today usually Karak; 217066). The site is ca. halfway between Wadi Môjib (biblical Arnon) and Wadi el-Ḥesa (Zered), along the route traditionally known as the “King’s
Kir (Heb. qɩ̂r)1. The place to which the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III deported Syrian (Aramean) peoples after destroying Damascus in 732 b.c.e. (2 Kgs. 16:9 MT; cf. Amos 1:5). According to Amos, Kir was the original home of the Arameans (Amos 9:7). Most LXX manuscripts do not refer to Kir in 2
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kir-Hareseth [kĭr hărˊə sĕth] (Heb. qîr ḥareśeṯ “wall[ed city] of potsherds”), Kir-Heres [kĭr hĭrˊĭz] (Heb.. qîr ḥereś). A fortified capital of Moab, located on its southwestern border at modern el-Kerak. The alternate form Kir-heres occurs at Isa. 16:11; Jer. 48:31, 36 (KJV “Kir-haresh”).
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Kir Moab
KIR MOAB The capital of Moab, a stronghold situated on top of a lofty mountain. Surrounded by a massive wall, it dominated the road from the Gulf of Elath to Damascus. In the Bible it is referred to as Kir-Hareseth, Kir-Haresh (Isa. 16:7, 11) and Kir-Heres (Jer. 48:31). Jehoram, son of Ahab, King of
Catholic Bible Dictionary
KIR-HARESETH The capital of Moab, identified with the modern Kerak to the east of the Dead Sea. The strength of this strategic position was demonstrated when Joram of Israel, Jehoshaphat of Judah, and the king of Edom invaded Moab. Mesha, king of Moab, unable to withstand the combined attack, took refuge
KIR An unidentified place in Mesopotamia to which the inhabitants of Damascus were exiled by the Assyrians after the city fell to Tiglath-pileser III in 732 b.c. (2 Kgs 16:9; cf. Amos 1:5). The name is used in Amos 9:7 as the original home of the Syrians.
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