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Kinsman
Countryman • Kinsman-redeemer
Dictionaries
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Kin; Kins(wo)man; Kinsfolk
Kin; Kins (wo)man; Kinsfolk[Heb ʾāḥ-‘brother,’ qārôḇ—‘near’ (Job 19:14; Ps. 38:11 [MT 12]), gōʾēl—‘redeemer’ (Nu. 5:8; 1 K. 16:11), môḏaʿ (Q; K meyuddāʿ) and môḏaʿaṯ (Ruth 2:1; 3:2), ʿam—‘people’ (Jgs. 5:14), ḥay—‘life’ (1 S. 18:18), šeʾēr—‘flesh’ (Jer. 51:35), dôḏ—‘uncle’ (Am. 5:10);
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Kinsman
KINSMAN A relative of the same family. In ancient Israel the tribe was the largest social and political unit. The smallest social unit within the tribe was the family. The relationship of one family to another was carefully regulated by the list of those to whom one should not be married (Lv 18). Those
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Kinsman
KINSMAN. In the OT the word is most often used of Heb. gō˒ēl, the one who has the right to redeem. Three obligations were his: (1) to redeem his brother and his inheritance, if poverty had caused him to go into slavery or dispose of his land (Lev 25:25, 47–49); (2) to avenge his blood if he were slain
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Kin, Kinsman
KIN, KINSMAN. Israel was originally tribal in nature. The idea was never entirely lost, although as the centuries passed the distinctions became less well marked, until today they have all but disappeared (cf. Scots’ clans). Many of Israel’s family relationships are to be understood in terms of tribal
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Kinsman
KINSMAN (Heb. gô˒ēl, “redeemer”). This Heb. term for kinsman is used to imply certain obligations arising out of that relationship, and has for its primary meaning “coming to the help or rescue” of one. The gô˒ēl among the Hebrews was the nearest living male blood relative (“close relative,” Ruth
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Kinsman
KinsmanHeb. goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin. (1.) If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Kinsman
KINSMAN — a male relative; a man sharing the same racial, cultural, or national background as another. In the Old Testament the word “kinsman” is often used as a translation of a Hebrew word that means, “one who has the right to redeem.”Since an Israelite could sell himself, his family, or his land
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
KINSMAN KINSWOMAN
KINSMAN KINSWOMAN<kinz’-man>, <kinz’-woom-an>: Most frequently of the גֹּאֵל‎ [go’-el], the one who had a right to “redeem”; referring to the custom of avenging the blood of a slain kinsman; hence, a blood relative (Numbers 5:8; Ruth 2:20; 3:9, 12; 4:1, 3, 6, 8, 14; compare “performing
COUNTRYMAN
COUNTRYMAN<kun’-tri-man> ([συμφυλέτης, sumphuletes]): “Of the same tribe” (1 Thessalonians 2:14); also in idiomatic rendering ([γένος, genos]) for those of one’s own race or kin (2 Corinthians 11:26; Galatians 1:14 the King James Version, “one’s own nation”). Compare Mark 6:4; Romans
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Kinsman
KINSMAN Usually refers to a blood relative based on Israel’s tribal nature. The most important relationship was that of the father to the oldest son.Certain obligations were laid on the kinsman. In the case of an untimely death of a husband without a son, the law of levirate marriage becomes operative
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
Kinsman-Redeemer
KINSMAN-REDEEMER AND LEVIRATEThese are two Israelite customs by which a relative removes another relative from great difficulty. Their common goal is to repair family wholeness broken by the trouble, and both aim to continue a childless family line on its land through the *marriage of its widow to a
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Kinsman, Kinswoman
KINSMAN, kinzʹman, KINSWOMAN, kinzʹwŏŏm-an: Most frequently of the גֹּאֵל‎, gō’ēl, the one who had a right to “redeem”; referring to the custom of avenging the blood of a slain kinsman; hence, a blood relative (Nu 5:8; Ruth 2:20; 3:9, 12; 4:1, 3, 6, 8, 14; cf “performing the part of a kinsman,” Ruth
Countryman
COUNTRYMAN, kunʹtri-man (συμφυλέτης, sumphulétēs): “Of the same tribe” (1 Thess 2:14); also in idiomatic rendering (γένος, génos) for those of one’s own race or kin (2 Cor 11:26; Gal 1:14 AV, “one’s own nation”). Cf Mk 6:4; Rom 9:3; and See Cousin; Kinsman, etc.