Affability • Clemency • Cordiality • Humaneness
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Kindness[Heb ḥeseḏ] (Gen. 19:19; 20:13; 40:14; Jgs. 8:35; Ruth 2:20; 3:10; 1 S. 15:6; Job 6:14; Hos. 4:1; etc.); AV also MERCY, LOVINGKINDNESS; NEB also LOYALTY, DEVOTION, “keep faith”; [Gk. epieíkeia] (Acts 24:4); AV CLEMENCY; NEB INDULGENCE; [philanthrōpía] (Acts 28:2); [chrēstótēs] (Rom.
Clemency The AV for Gk. epieíkeia in Acts 24:4, translated “kindness” in the RSV. The NEB reads, “I crave your indulgence.”
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
KINDNESS State of being that includes the attributes of loving affection, sympathy, friendliness, patience, pleasantness, gentleness, and goodness. Kindness is a quality shown in the way a person speaks and acts. It is more volitional than emotional.The Bible is filled with illustrations of kindness.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
KINDNESS. In the OT the Heb. hesed is used of both man and God. When employed of men it may mean (1) kindness in the sense of doing favors in fulfillment of a pact or of covenant obligations (Gen 20:13; 21:23; Josh 2:12; 1 Sam 20:15; 2 Sam 9:1); (2) mercy or pity extended to needy ones (Job 6:14; Prov
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kindness. †Basically, a benevolent attitude or action between individuals (Heb. ḥeseḏ; e.g., Gen. 20:13; Ruth 2:20). The KJV frequently translates “lovingkindness” for this technical term designating the covenantal love between God and his people (e.g., Ps. 17:7; Jer. 9:24; RSV “steadfast love”);
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
KINDNESS and Loving-Kindness (Heb. ḥesed, “desire, zeal”). Zeal toward another in a good sense: (1) Of men, as shown in doing mutual favors, benefits (Gen. 21:23; 2 Sam. 10:2); compassion for the afflicted (Job 6:14; “pity,” KJV). The formula to “show kindness” is frequent in Scripture (2 Sam. 3:8;
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Kindness, Lovingkindness
KINDNESS, LOVINGKINDNESS — God’s loyal love and favor toward His people. In the Old Testament, the word translated as “kindness” or “lovingkindness” refers to God’s long-suffering love—His determination to keep His promises to His chosen people in spite of their sin and rebellion (Deut. 7:12; Hos. 2:14–23).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
KINDNESS<kind’-nes> (חֶסֶד‎ [checedh]; [χρηστότης, chrestotes]): “Kindness” in the Old Testament is (with one exception) the translation of [checedh], “kindness,” “favor,” “mercy,” etc., used chiefly of man but also of God (Genesis 20:13; 40:14; 1 Samuel 15:6; 20:14, 15; 2 Samuel
CLEMENCY<klem’-en-si> ([ἐπιείκεια, epietkeia], “fairness,” “sweet reasonableness,” Acts 24:4): The Greek word is rendered elsewhere “gentleness,” 2 Corinthians 10:1; Titus 3:2, “meekhess”; James 3:17; 1 Peter 2:18.
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
KINDNESS.—The NT term χρηστότης, which is rendered in the EV both by ‘kindness’ and by ‘goodness’ (once in Ro 3:12 as ‘good,’ following the LXX of Ps 13(14):1, 3, there quoted, in which χρηστότητα = טוֹב), nowhere occurs in the Gospels. The quality it denotes, however, is an evangelical virtue. Like
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
KINDNESS OT translation of the Hebrew term chesed. Throughout the OT the idea of chesed is that of compassion and faithfulness to one’s obligations as well as to relatives, friends, and even to slaves (Gen. 21:23; 39:21; 1 Sam. 15:6). Kindness is seen in the marriage relationship of Abraham and Sarah
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
kindness. The state or quality of being kind: generosity, humaneness, tenderness. The word can also refer to a particular instance of kind behavior: a token of friendliness, good will, affection. This English term is used variously in Bible translations to render a number of words. In the OT, it occurs
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
KINDNESS, kīndʹnes (חֶסֶד‎, ḥeṣedh; χρηστότης, chrēstótēs): “Kindness” in the OT is (with one exception) the tr of ḥeṣedh, “kindness,” “favor,” “mercy,” etc, used chiefly of man but also of God (Gen 20:13; 40:14; 1 S 15:6; 20:14, 15; 2 S 9:3; Neh 9:17; Ps 141:5; Isa 54:8, 10, etc); ṭōbh, “good,”
CLEMENCY, klemʹen-si (ἐπιείκεια, epieíkeia, “fairness,” “sweet reasonableness,” Acts 24:4): The Gr word is rendered elsewhere “gentleness,” 2 Cor 10:1; Tit 3:2, “meekness”; Jas 3:17; 1 Pet 2:18.
Key passages
Lk 6:34–36

And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive back, what kind of credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, so that they may get back an equal amount! But love your enemies, and do good, and lend expecting back nothing, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of …

Eph 2:7–8

in order that he might show in the coming ages the surpassing riches of his grace in kindness upon us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you are saved through faith, and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God;

Eph 4:32

Become kind toward one another, compassionate, forgiving one another, just as also God in Christ has forgiven you.

See also
Topics & Themes