Kiln (oven) • Smelting furnace
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
KILN [Heb kibšān (כִּבְשָׁן)]. The Hebrew word for kiln comes from the root kābaš, “to subdue,” “bring into bondage,” and is used three times in the OT: Gen 19:28, Exod 9:8, 10, and Exod 19:18. In Gen 19:28, the smoke from the burning cities of Sodom and Gomorrah rose like the smoke from a kibšān.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
KilnPrimarily an enclosure for firing pottery or burning lime (Heb. kiḇšān, in contrast with kûr, a smelting furnace for metals). Burnt lime was slaked and used for preparing mortar, plaster, and whitewash. Isa. 33:12 refers metaphorically to the process of burning lime. Thistles and thorns were
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kiln. †A container used to concentrate the heat from a fire in order to bake bread, fire pottery, or smelt ore. In ancient times such devices were made by coiling long, thin rolls of clay to form a large, open bowl, which was then inverted and a hole made in the top; the oven or kiln (Heb. tannûr
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
KILN — an oven or furnace used for hardening brick (Nah. 3:14). Brick kilns were rare in Palestine; some scholars believe, therefore, that in David’s time the reference is likely to a brick mold rather than to a brick kiln.
Compton’s Encyclopedia
kilnAn oven for firing, drying, baking, hardening, or burning a substance, particularly clay products but at one time also grain and meal, is called a kiln. The brick kiln was a major advance in ancient building technology because it provided a stronger brick than the primitive sun-dried product. Modern
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
KILN Oven, furnace, or heated enclosure used for processing a substance by burning, firing, or drying. The Hebrew word tannur is used to refer to both the oven used in the home for baking bread and the large pottery kiln. The “pavement of sapphire” (NASB) in Exod. 24:10 probably refers to a glazed tile
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Kiln (Oven)
kiln (oven). This term is used by the NRSV to render Hebrew kibšān H3901 in two passages (Exod. 9:8–10; 19:18; the only other occurrence of the Hebrew term is in Gen. 19:28). See furnace; oven.Remains of a pottery kiln from Tarsus.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
KILN [כִּבְשָׁןkivshan; κάμινος kaminos]. A large oven or furnace used to strengthen clay through a firing process. Fuels used by ancient people for firing pottery included wood, bark, pinecones, and dung. Firing is a precarious and lengthy operation. Clay artifacts remain breakable yet virtually indestructible
See also
Topics & Themes