Fratricide • Killing
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Kill [Heb. hārag̱ (e.g., Gen. 4:8), hiphil of mûṯ (e.g., Ex. 1:16), hiphil of nāḵâ (e.g., Gen. 4:15), šāḥaṭ (e.g., Ex. 12:6), rāṣaḥ (e.g., Ex. 20:13; Dt. 5:17), zāḇaḥ, ṭāḇaḥ, ḥālal, qāṭal]; AV also SLAY, SMITE, PUT TO DEATH; NEB also MURDER, SLAUGHTER, LET DIE, etc.; [Gk. apokteínō
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kill. †Both Hebrew and Greek employ a variety of words which the English versions render “kill,” but Heb. rāṣaḥ and Gk. phoneúō are the primary terms meaning “to put to death unlawfully, to murder.”The Hebrew term, which occurs in the sixth commandment (Exod. 20:13; Deut. 5:17; cf. Jer.
Key passages
Ex 20:13

“You shall not murder.

Dt 5:17

‘You shall not murder.

Mt 5:21

“You have heard that it was said to the people of old, ‘Do not commit murder,’ and ‘whoever commits murder will be subject to judgment.’

Jas 2:11

For the one who said “Do not commit adultery” also said “Do not murder.” Now if you do not commit adultery but you do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.

See also
Topics & Themes