KIDNAP (Heb. gānab, to “steal, secretly carry away”). The kidnapping of a freeborn Israelite, either to treat him as a slave or to sell him into slavery, was by the law of Moses punished by death (Ex. 21:16; Deut. 24:7). In 1 Tim. 1:10 Paul denounces kidnappers (Gk. andrapodistēs; NIV, “slave traders”)
kidnappingIn March 1932 the 2-year-old son of the Charles A. Lindberghs was abducted from the family home near Hopewell, N.J., and murdered. The kidnapping became one of the most notorious crimes of the century, mostly because Lindbergh was so well known (seeLindbergh). But it was not an isolated or
ABDUCTION. Generally speaking, abduction is the kidnapping of a man or a woman. The specific term refers to a social phenomenon and is intended to indicate the snatching, often violently, of a woman for sexual purposes or for marriage. In ancient writings, it did not always have a negative connotation.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
6. KidnappingAmong the capital crimes in Exod 21:12–17, one reads, “Whoever steals a man, whether he sells him or is found in his possession, shall be put to death” (21:16 RSV; NRSV reads, “kidnaps a person”). This is kidnapping for selling into SLAVERY, not for ransom, as in the story of Joseph in
“If a man is caught kidnapping somebody from among his countrymen, the Israelites, and he treats him as a slave or he sells him, then that kidnapper shall die, and so you shall purge the evil from among you.