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Khapiru
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also spelled Habiru and Hapiru. A term used in Mesopotamian and Egyptian texts to refer to nomadic people in the western Asia region from about 2000 bc to the eleventh century. Possibly related to the term “Hebrew.” For more information, see this article: Habiru and the Hebrews of the Bible.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Khapiru
Khapiru Also spelled Habiru and Hapiru. A term used in Mesopotamian and Egyptian texts to refer to nomadic people in the western Asia region from about 2000 bc to the eleventh century. Possibly related to the term “Hebrew.” For more information, see this article: Habiru and the Hebrews of the Bible.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Khapiru
KhapiruKhapiru (khah-peeʹro̅o̅), a Sumerian term meaning ‘outcast,’ once thought to be the source of the word ‘Hebrew.’ The correct form of this pejorative social term was ’apiru, probably with a long vowel in the first syllable. It appears in cuneiform texts, often written with a Sumerian ideogram,