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Kethib
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Part of the Masorah parva tradition of scribal notes on the text of the Hebrew Bible from the Masoretes. The term kethiv literally means “what is written” or “it is written” and refers to the traditional consonantal text as preserved in the written tradition. While still preserving the consonants as written (kethiv), the Masoretes would note corrections and alternative readings that were meant to take precedence when the text was read aloud (qere). For further information, see this article: Qere and Kethib.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Kethib
Kethib (כְּתִיב‎, kethiv). Part of the Masorah parva tradition of scribal notes on the text of the Hebrew Bible from the Masoretes. The term kethiv literally means “what is written” or “it is written” and refers to the traditional consonantal text as preserved in the written tradition. While still preserving
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Kethib
KETHIB. When the books of the OT were originally written, the Heb. scribes had no system for writing the vowels of their language. About the middle of the first millennium a.d. the Jewish scribes known as the Masoretes invented a method of vowel notation. However, by the time of the Masoretes, some words
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Kethib
Kethib (Heb. kĕṯɩ̂ḇ) AND QERE (qĕrê)Masoretic notations meaning “what is written” (Kethib) and “what is read” (Qere). The 1300 instances of Kethib-Qere in the MT reflect a stage in the development of the Hebrew text when the consonantal text was considered fixed and unalterable (“what is written”;
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Kethib
KETHIB (ke-thîbʹ, also written kethiv, ke-thēve, an Aram. passive part. k‡-thı̂b, “written”). The kethib was the reading actually occurring in the Heb. text and represented, even though an inferior reading in the opinion of the Masoretic scholars, an ancient traditional reading deserving of some credence.
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Kethib
KethibThe Aramaic word kethib means “it is written” and describes the consonantal text of the Hebrew Scriptures. “The Massoretic scholars regarded the consonantal text as inviolable. When, therefore, for any reason, of tradition, grammar or propriety, they preferred another reading to that of the consonantal
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 3, H–L
Ketib
Ketib kuh-teev’ (כְּתִיב, “written,” pass. ptc. of Aram. כְּתַבH10374, “to write”). Also Kethib, Ketiv. The written, consonantal form of the Masoretic text of the Hebrew Bible (see Masorah). This term is used primarily in contrast to Qere, the latter indicating “what is to be read,” that is, an alternate