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Kadesh-barnea
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Meaning “holy” or “place of holiness.” Located southwest of Beer-sheba, in the valley of Wadi el-Ein at the intersection of two ancient desert roads—exact location uncertain. Probably refers to Tell el-Qudeirat. Regional designation as well as a specific place name. Also marks the southernmost geographical and political boundary of Israel.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Kadesh-Barnea
Kadesh-Barnea (קָדֵשׁ בַּרְנֵעַ‎, qadesh barnea'). Meaning “holy” or “place of holiness.” Located southwest of Beer-sheba, in the valley of Wadi el-Ein at the intersection of two ancient desert roads—exact location uncertain. Probably refers to Tell el-Qudeirat. Regional designation as well as a specific
Meribah
Meribah (מְרִיבָה‎, merivah). Also known as Massah. The location where Yahweh brought water out of a rock for the Israelites during the wilderness wanderings (Exod 17:1–7; Psa 95:8). Paul interprets this event in the New Testament as the presence of Christ with Israel (1 Cor 10:4). For further information
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Kadesh-Barnea (Place)
KADESH-BARNEA (PLACE) [Heb qādeš barnēaʿ (קָדֶשׁ בַּרְנֵעַ)]. Var. KADESH; KEDESH; MERIBATH-KADESH. A site in N Sinai where the Israelites camped before their entrance into Canaan. It was also known simply as Kadesh (Num 13:26; cf. Deut 1:19) or Kedesh (Josh 15:23). The first part of the name of the
Kedesh (Place)
KEDESH (PLACE) [Heb qedeš (קֶדֶשׁ‎)]. 1. A variant form of KADESH-BARNEA.2. A levitical city in Issachar (1 Chr 6:57), assigned to the sons of Gershon. The parallel version (Josh 21:28) is KISHION; therefore, some scholars maintained that the version in 1 Chr 6:57 is a corruption inspired by Kedesh
Massah and Meribah (Places)
MASSAH AND MERIBAH (PLACES) [Heb massâ ûmĕrı̂bâ (וּמְרִיבָה)]. Literally, “Testing and Strife,” the site of an Israelite rebellion during the desert wandering (Exod 17:7). The precise location is unknown, since the Elohist places it at Horeb and near Rephidim (Exod 17:6, 8), both of equally unknown
Meribah (Place)
MERIBAH (PLACE) [Heb mĕrı̂bâ (מְרִיבָה)]. Literally “Strife,” an oasis in the Sinai and the site of an Israelite rebellion. Also called Meribath-Kadesh in the Priestly (P) source (Num 20:13, 24; 27:14; Deut 32:51), and Ezekiel (47:19; 48:28), and possibly in Deut 33:2, if one emends the difficult mrbbt
Meribath-Kadesh (Place)
MERIBATH-KADESH (PLACE) [Heb mĕrı̂bat (מְרִיבַת‎) qādēš (קָדֵשׁ)]. Var. MERIBAH; KADESH. The location of a source of water in the Wilderness of Zin, where the Israelites “broke faith” with Yahweh (Deut 32:51). The incident in question is almost certainly the same one reported prosaically in Numbers
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea
Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea. Home of the wandering Israelites for nearly 38 years. In the vast area of the Sinai there are two main oases: in the south is Wadi Feran, near the Mountain of Moses (Mt Sinai or Horeb); in the north is Kadesh, or Kadesh-barnea. The former was the place where the Law was given;
Enmishpat
Enmishpat. Early name for Kadesh, mentioned in the account of Chedorlaomer’s battles (Gn 14:7).See Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea.
Kedesh
Kedesh. 1. Town in the Judean Negeb (Jos 15:23); its appearance alongside Adadah (Aroer) militates against its identification with Kadesh-barnea.2. City of refuge in Upper Galilee, in the territory of Naphtali (Jos 20:7), set apart for the Gershonite clan of Levi (Jos 21:32; 1 Chr 6:76), and the home
Massah and Meribah
Massah and Meribah. Two Hebrew words meaning, respectively, “to put to the test” and “to find fault, quarrel.” According to Exodus 17:7, after Moses got water from the rock at Rephidim, he called the place by these two names to memorialize the Israelites’ “testing” of God’s faithful provision.Massah
Meribah
Meribah. 1. Noun meaning “strife,” named for a place at Horeb, near Rephidim (Wadi Feiran), where Israel contended with Moses for water near the beginning of the wilderness wanderings (Ex 17:7). This is the place probably alluded to in Deuteronomy 33:8 and Psalm 95:8, and is alternately called Massah.
Meribath-kadesh
Meribath-kadesh, Meribah-kadesh. Alternate names for Kadesh-barnea (Dt 32:51; Ez 47:19; 48:28), a place of lengthy encampment by the Israelites during the wilderness wanderings.See Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Kadesh
1. Also KADESH-BARNEA bär-nēˊə [Heb. qāḏēš barnē (a)ʿ; Gk. Kadēs barnē]; KEDESH keʹdəsh [Heb. qeḏeš] (Josh. 15:23); ENMISHPAT en-mish̀pat [Heb. ʿên mišpāṭ—‘fountain of judgment’] (Gen. 14:7); AV also CADES-BARNE (Jth. 5:14); NEB also CADESH-BARNEA (Jth. 5:14); AV also KADES (Jth. 1:9);
Kedesh
1. A town in Judah, described in Josh. 15:23 as “toward the border of Edom in the south” and probably to be identified with Kadesh-barnea (see Kadesh 1).
Massah and Meribah
Massah and Meribah masʹə, merʹə-bə [Heb. massâ ûmerîḇâ—‘proving and strife’; Gk. peirasmós kaí loidórēsis]. These names occur together to indicate a single place only in Ex. 17, although according to some (e.g., M. Noth, Exodus [Eng. tr. OTL, 1962], pp. 139f) this passage conflates two traditions:
Meribah
Meribah merʹə-bə [Heb merîḇâ—‘strife’]. The name of two different places at which the Israelites stopped on their journey through the wilderness: (1) at Rephidim (Ex. 17:1–7; referred to also in Dt. 33:8; Ps. 95:8; probably also 81:7 [MT 8]); (2) at Kadesh-barnea (Nu. 20:1–13; referred to also
Meribath-Kadesh
Meribath-Kadesh merʹə-bəth-kāʹdəsh [Heb merîḇaṯ-qāḏēš—‘strife of Kadesh’] (Dt. 32:51; Ezk. 47:19; 48:28); AV MERIBAH-KADESH, STRIFE IN KADESH; NEB MERIBAH-BY-KADESH. The southern border of the restored land of Israel in Ezekiel’s vision. See Meribah; Kadesh 1.In Dt. 33:2 some scholars have
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Kadesh, Kadesh-Barnea
KADESH, KADESH-BARNEA Home of the wandering Israelites for nearly 38 years. In the vast area of the Sinai there are two main oases: in the south is Wadi Feiran, near the mountain of Moses (Mt Sinai or Horeb); in the north is Kadesh, or Kadesh-barnea. The former was the place where the law was given;
En-Mishpat
EN-MISHPAT Early name for Kadesh, mentioned in the account of Kedorlaomer’s battles (Gn 14:7). See Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea.
Kedesh
KEDESH1. Town in the Judean Negev (Jos 15:23); its appearance alongside Adadah (Aroer) argues against its identification with Kadesh-barnea.2. City of refuge in upper Galilee, in the territory of Naphtali (Jos 20:7), set apart for the Gershonite clan of Levi (Jos 21:32; 1 Chr 6:76), and the home of
Massah and Meribah
MASSAH AND MERIBAH Two Hebrew words meaning, respectively, “to put to the test” and “to find fault, quarrel.” According to Exodus 17:7, after Moses got water from the rock at Rephidim, he called the place by these two names to memorialize the Israelites’ “testing” of God’s faithful provision.Massah
Meribah
MERIBAH1. Noun meaning “strife,” named for a place at Horeb, near Rephidim (Wadi Feiran), where Israel contended with Moses for water near the beginning of the wilderness wanderings (Ex 17:7). This is the place probably alluded to in Deuteronomy 33:8 and Psalm 95:8, and is alternately called Massah.
Meribah-Kadesh, Meribath-Kadesh
MERIBAH-KADESH, MERIBATH-KADESH* Alternate names for Kadesh-barnea (Dt 32:51; Ez 47:19; 48:28), a place for lengthy encampment by the Israelites during the wilderness wanderings. See Kadesh, Kadesh-barnea.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Kadesh
Kadesh (kay´dish).1 Kadesh-barnea (kay´desh-bahr-nee´ah), a place in the wilderness of Paran between Shur and Edom, or alternately in the Wilderness of Zin, where it formed the south border of Canaan and the west border with Edom. In one passage it is called En-mishpat (Gen. 14:7). Abraham dwelt in
Kedesh
Kedesh (kee´dish; Heb., “to be holy”), a name for several places with ancient sanctuaries; they are often difficult to distinguish from one another.1 Kedesh in Naphtali (Josh. 19:37); it is the town from which Barak was called (Judg. 4:6) and where he gathered his forces (4:10). Modern Khirbet Qedish
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Kadesh-Barnea
KADESH-BARNEA. Situated in the NE part of the Sinai peninsula c. 50 miles S of Beersheba, on the S border of the land assigned by God to Israel (Num 34:4; Josh 15:3). There are three springs or oases within a 12 mile radius (`Ain Qedeis, `Ain Qudeirat—the largest of N Sinai, with a flow of c. 10,000
En-Mishpat
EN-MISHPAT. Gen 14:7 identifies this place as Kadesh, probably Kadesh-barnea (q.v.). It is thought that there was a sanctuary there at which in ancient times a pagan priest gave oracles and decided disputes. The names Kadesh and Kedesh are connected with Canaanite cities that had heathen sanctuaries.
Kedesh
KEDESH1. A well fortified Canaanite city, identified with Tell Qades, NW of the now-drained Lake Huleh and nine miles N of Hazor. It was mentioned by Thutmose III (1483–1450 b.c.) in his first list of conquered Palestinian cities as Qdsh and by Seti I (c. 1310 b.c.), according to J. Simons (Egyptian
Meribah
MERIBAH1. The second of two names given by Moses to a place near Rephidim as Israel journeyed to Sinai. Having no water, the people strove with Moses until God provided water as Moses struck the rock. The place was called Massah, “tempting,” and Meribah, “strife” (Ex 17:7), or “provocation” (Heb 3:8).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Kadesh
KADESH. 1. Kadesh Barneʾa. The site has been identified with ʿAin Qudeis, about 80km SW of Beer Sheva, but this depends on the similarity of the ancient and modern names. The spring produces an insignificant amount of water. ʿAin Qudeirat, roughly 8 km NW of ʿAin Qudeis, has much more water and vegetation
Kedesh, Kedesh In Naphtali
KEDESH, KEDESH IN NAPHTALI. 1. A former Canaanite royal city (Jos. 12:22) which became a principal town in Naphtali (Jos. 19:37). It was sometimes designated ‘of Naphtali’ (Jdg. 4:6) to distinguish it from 2. It was assigned to the Levites (Jos. 21:32) and made a city of refuge (20:7). Kedesh was also
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Kadesh, Kadesh-Barnea
Kadesh (Heb. qāḏēš), KADESH-BARNEA (qāḏēš barnēaʿ)1. Kadesh-barnea, a site in the northern Sinai (the wilderness of Zin; Num. 20:1; 33:36) where Israel encamped at least twice in their wanderings. In the narrative of Chedorlaomer’s campaign into southern Canaan, Kadesh is called En-misphat,
En-Mishpat
En-Mishpat (Heb. ʿên mišpāṭ)An oasis (“fountain of judgment”), and probably a cult center, in the Negeb where Chedorlaomer and his allied kings defeated the Amalekites (Gen. 14:7). It was later called Kadesh or Kadesh-barnea.
Kedesh
Kedesh (Heb. qeḏeš) (also KADESH-BARNEA, KISHION)1. A city in Upper Galilee, 10 km. (6 mi.) NW of Hazor, in the hills near Lake Huleh. Tel Kedesh/Tell Qades (199279) is the largest tell in Upper Galilee, and preliminary excavations have identified extensive occupation in the Early Bronze Age and continuing
Meribath-Kadesh
Meribath-Kadesh (Heb. mĕrɩ̂ḇaṯ qāḏēš)A name given to Kadesh-barnea because of the Israelites’ testing of God during their wilderness journeys (Deut. 32:51; cf. Num. 20:1–3; 27:14). This new name occurs in Ezekiel’s descriptions of the southern borders of the land of the new Israel (Ezek. 47:19;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Kadesh, Kadesh-Barnea
KADESH [kāˊdĭsh] (Heb. qāḏēš “sacred, holy”). KADESH-BARNEA[bärˊnĭ ə] (Heb. barnēa˓). † The names Kadesh and Kedesh designate sites used as sanctuaries prior to the emergence of the Israelites. The names vary only in the Masoretic vowel pointing; the MT usually uses Kadesh for cities
En-Mishpat
En-Mishpat [ĕn mĭshˊpăt] (Heb. ˓ên mišpāṭ “fountain of judgment”). An oasis, and probably a cult center, in the Negeb where Chedorlaomer and his allied kings defeated the Amalekites (Gen. 14:7). It was later called Kadesh or Kedesh-Barnea.
Kedesh
Kedesh [kēˊdĕsh] (Heb. qeḏeš “holy place”).† The names Kedesh and Kadesh generally designate sites where pre-Israelite sanctuaries were located. Distinguished only by the later Masoretic vowel pointing, sites named Kedesh generally are found in the north and those named Kadesh in the south.
Massah, Meribah
MASSAH [măsˊə] (Heb. massâ “temptation, testing”), MERIBAH [mĕrˊə bə] (Heb. merîḇâ “strife, contention”). Place names associated with the Israelites’ wilderness wanderings.Although some interpreters view the two names as designating a single site (massâ ûmerîḇâ), recent scholarship favors
Meribath-Kadesh
Meribath-Kadesh [mĕrˊə băth kāˊdĭsh] (Heb. merîḇaṯ qāḏēš “strife of Kadesh”). A name given to Kadesh-barnea because of the Israelites’ testing of God during their wilderness journeys (Deut. 32:51; KJV “Meribah-Kadesh”; cf. Num. 20:1–3; 27:14; cf. also BHS, Deut. 33:2). This new name
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Kadesh-Barnea
KADESH-BARNEA An oasis in the Wilderness of Zin, north of the Wilderness of Paran, in the northern part of the Sinai Desert. It was at an important crossroads on the main route leading from Edom and the Arabah to Egypt, called the Way of Shur, and the road leading from Elath and the central Negev onwards
Kedesh
KEDESH a) A Canaanite city in Galilee, in the territory of Naphtali, whose ruler was one of the 31 kings vanquished by Joshua (Josh. 12:22). To distinguish it from other cities with the same name it was also referred to as Kedesh in Galilee in Mount Naphtali (Josh. 20:7). It was given to the Levites
Massah And Meribah
MASSAH and MERIBAH Names of two places in Rephidim, so named because it was there that the Children of Israel tempted the Lord, saying, ‘Is the Lord among us, or not?’ (Exod. 17:7). The cause of the quarrel (massah and meribah both mean quarrel in Hebrew) was the lack of water at Rephidim.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Kadesh
KADESH Also Kadesh-barnea, an oasis in northern Sinai, probably near modern ʿAin el-Qudeirat. It is remembered primarily as a place where both Moses and the wilderness generation of Israel rebelled against God and disqualified themselves from entering the Promised Land. Kadesh-barnea was the site of
Kedesh
KEDESH The chief city in the territory of Naphtali in northern Galilee (Josh 19:37); probably the modern site of Tell Qades. Kedesh had been a Canaanite royal city, and the king of Kedesh was defeated by Joshua (Josh 12:22). After the conquest of Canaan, Kedesh was designated one of the forty-eight Levitical
Meribah
MERIBAH Also Meribath-kadesh, a location in the Sinai where the Israelites were tested by the Lord and failed the test (Num 20:2–13, 24; 27:14; Deut 32:51; Ezek 47:19; 48:28). The name Meribah, which means “strife” or “contention” in Hebrew, thus recalls Israel’s rebellious discontent in the wilderness
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