The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Justification (δικαιόω, dikaioō, δικαίως, dikaiōs). A Christian doctrine concerning how believers are declared to be in the right with God through their faith in Jesus Christ.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
JUSTIFICATION. A term that describes the event whereby persons are set or declared to be in right relation to God. The word is often used to summarize the central message of the gospel proclaimed by Paul. Despite its historic importance in Christian dogmatic tradition, however, especially in Protestantism,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Justification. The act of God in bringing sinners into a new covenant relationship with himself through the forgiveness of sins. Along with such terms as “regeneration” and “reconciliation,” it relates to a basic aspect of conversion. It is a declarative act of God by which he establishes persons as
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Justification[Heb ṣeḏeq, vb. ṣāḏēq; Gk. dikaíōma, dikaíōsis, vb. dikaióō]. In a legal sense, the declaring just or righteous. In biblical literature dikaioún, without denying the real righteousness of a person, is used invariably or almost invariably in a declarative or forensic sense.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Justification, Justified
JUSTIFICATION*, JUSTIFIED The act of God in bringing sinners into a new covenant relationship with himself through the forgiveness of sins. It is a declarative act of God by which he establishes persons as righteous—that is, in right and true relationship to himself.Since the time of the Reformation,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
justification, the exculpation of guilt or the demonstration of the correctness of an act or statement. The English word “justification” and its related terms “just,” “justly,” “justify” are all used to render the Hebrew tsdq and the Greek dikaioō (all together the two words occur in the Bible about
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
JUSTIFICATION. Justification (Gr. dikaiōsis) is a term that has reference to judicial judgment. It does not mean to make upright or holy, but to announce a favorable verdict, to declare to be righteous. This meaning is patent in both Testaments (Heb. hiphil stem of ṣādaq, “to declare righteous”; Gr.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
JustificationEnglish Bibles render Heb. ṣdq and Gk. dikaioún as both “just, justice, justify” and “right, righteous (ness), rightwise.” Righteousness/justification language occurs more than 800 times in the OT and NT.Both the Hebrew and Greek can denote self-justification, seeking to put oneself
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Justification (Gk. dikaíōma). † The presentation of justification by faith in Christ in the letters of Paul is slightly obscured in English versions by the dual terminology “just, justice, justify, justification” and “righteous, righteouness.” Both sets of terms represent the one reality which
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
JustificationSince the time of the Reformation in the sixteenth century, considerable attention has been paid to the theme of justification in Paul. For Martin Luther the doctrine of justification was not merely the center and focus of Paul’s thought; it was the “article by which the church stands or
Catholic Bible Dictionary
JUSTIFICATION One means of expressing the doctrine of salvation in the New Testament. It can refer to a divine action as well as a spiritual process. As an action, justification is the moment when God makes righteous the one who believes in Christ and establishes him or her in a covenant relationship
Key passages
Ro 3:20–30

For by the works of the law no person will be declared righteous before him, for through the law comes knowledge of sin. But now, apart from the law, the righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified about by the law and the prophets—that is, …

Ro 5:1–10

Therefore, because we have been declared righteous by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in the hope of the glory of God. …

Ro 8:30–34

And those whom he predestined, these he also called, and those whom he called, these he also justified, and those whom he justified, these he also glorified. What then shall we say about these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? Indeed, he who did not spare his …

Ga 2:16–17

but knowing that a person is not justified by the works of the law, if not by faith in Jesus Christ, and we have believed in Christ Jesus so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will be justified. But if …

Tt 3:4–7

But when the kindness and love for mankind of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not by deeds of righteousness that we have done, but because of his mercy, through the washing of regeneration and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior, …

See also
Topics & Themes