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Justice
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Divinely righteous action, whether taken by humanity or God, that promotes equality among humanity. Used in relation to uplifting the righteous and oppressed and debasing the unrighteous and oppressors.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Justice
Justice (מִשְפָּט‎, mishpat; δικαιοσύνη, dikaiosynē). Divinely righteous action, whether taken by humanity or God, that promotes equality among humanity. Used in relation to uplifting the righteous and oppressed and debasing the unrighteous and oppressors.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Just, Justice
JUST, JUSTICE. The English language does not distinguish between the two Hebrew terms mišpāṭ, “justice,” and dı̂n, “judgment.” The substantive mišpāṭ, like the root špṭ from which it is derived, is multifarious in meaning. In the Mari documents, the meanings of the root špṭ, according to various
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Justice
justice, the standard by which the benefits and penalties of living in society are distributed. The same basic meaning of justice is found throughout the different books and writings of the Bible despite the differing spheres to which it is applied. The pervasiveness of the concept, however, can sometimes
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Justice (Ethics)
JUSTICE (ETHICS). In two of Plato’s dialogues, The Republic and the Gorgias, the subject of justice is disputed at such a fundamental level that the divergent opinions recur throughout all subsequent ages. The conflict is between those who say that might makes right and those who say that power can be
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Justice
JUSTICE. The word ‘justice’ occurs 115 times in rsv OT, usually for mišpāṭ, ‘judgment’, the rule that should guide *judges. In the av, however, it represents mišpāṭ only once (Jb. 36:17); elsewhere it translates ṣeḏeq or eḏāqâ The more frequent rendering of these latter nouns is ‘righteousness’;
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Just, Justice
Just, JusticeIn a philosophical sense, justice is understood as fairness, correct treatment, or equitable distribution of resources, but biblical justice is more than a mathematical distribution of goods. The Bible speaks of justice as a chief attribute of God, with biblical justice inextricably tied
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Justice
JUST (Heb. ṣeḏeq, ṣaddîq; Gk. díkaios), JUSTICE (Heb. mišpāṭ; Gk. krísis, dikaiosýnē).† Justice and righteousness (Heb. eḏāqâ) are often used together (cf. 1 Kgs. 10:9; Ps. 33:5). While their meanings can overlap, justice properly is that action or legal decision which vindicates
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Justice, Righteousness
Justice, righteousnessIn biblical thought the idea of justice or righteousness generally expresses conformity to God’s* will in all areas of life: law, government, covenant loyalty, ethical integrity or gracious actions. When humans adhere to God’s will as expressed in his Law*, they are considered
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Justice, in Ethics
JUSTICE, IN ETHICS. A term referring both to disposition and to conduct. For various Heb. and Gk. words rendered justice or righteousness in the Scriptures, we refer to Young’s or Strong’s concordance. The Lat. word iustitia is defined by Cicero as animi affectio suum cuique tribuens (De Finibus
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
Justice
JusticeJustice has a special place in Reformed understanding, particularly in Anglo American Calvinist traditions. Calvin emphasized justice by adding a third use to Luther’s two uses of the law. For Luther, law convicted of sin and, second, sought to limit human action and force. For Calvin, law could
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Justice
Justiceis rendering to every one that which is his due. It has been distinguished from equity in this respect, that while justice means merely the doing what positive law demands, equity means the doing of what is fair and right in every separate case.
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Justice
Justicejustice, the standard by which the benefits and penalties of living in society are distributed. The same basic meaning of justice is found throughout the different books and types of writing of the Bible despite the differing spheres to which it is applied. The pervasiveness of the concept of
Key passages
Is 1:16–17

Wash! Make yourselves clean! Remove the evil of your doings from before my eyes! Cease to do evil! Learn to do good! Seek justice! Rescue the oppressed! Defend the orphan! Plead for the widow!

Is 42:1

Look! here is my servant; I hold him, my chosen one, in whom my soul delights. I have put my spirit on him; he will bring justice forth to the nations.

Am 5:21–24

“I hate, I despise your festivals, and I take no delight in your assemblies. Yes, even if you offer me your burnt offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept them, and I will not look at the fellowship offerings of your fattened animals. Remove from me the noise of your songs, and I do …

Mic 6:8

He has told you, O mortal, what is good, and what does Yahweh ask from you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?

Mt 23:23

“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees—hypocrites!—because you pay a tenth of mint and dill and cumin, and neglect the more important matters of the law—justice and mercy and faithfulness! It was necessary to do these things while not neglecting those.

Re 19:1–2

After these things I heard something like the loud sound of a great crowd in heaven saying, “Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God, because his judgments are true and righteous, because he has passed judgment on the great prostitute who corrupted the …

See also
Ge 18:16–33; Ge 23:1–20; Ge 31:22–42; Ge 49:1–28; Ex 18:1–27; Ex 22:16–23:9; Le 19:19–37; Le 25:8–17; Dt 1:9–18; Dt 10:12–22; Dt 16:18–17:13; Dt 19:15–21; Dt 24:5–25:4; Dt 25:11–16; Dt 27:11–26; Dt 31:30–32:18; Dt 33:1–29; Jdg 4:1–24; Jdg 11:1–28; 1 Sa 7:2–17; 1 Sa 12:1–25; 1 Sa 24:1–22; 1 Sa 26:1–25; 2 Sa 8:15–18; 2 Sa 15:1–12; 2 Sa 22:26–23:7; 1 Ki 8:22–53; 1 Ki 10:1–13; 2 Ki 8:1–6; 1 Ch 18:14–17; 2 Ch 6:12–42; 2 Ch 9:1–12; 2 Ch 19:4–11; Ezr 7:11–28; Ezr 9:1–15; Job 6:1–30; Job 8:1–9:35; Job 19:7–20; Job 23:1–17; Job 29:1–25; Job 31:1–40; Job 34:1–37; Job 36:1–37:24; Job 40:6–24; Ps 9:1–20; Ps 11:1–7; Ps 12:1–8; Ps 26:1–12; Ps 28:1–9; Ps 33:1–22; Ps 35:1–28; Ps 36:1–12; Ps 37:1–40; Ps 43:1–5; Ps 48:1–14; Ps 51:1–19; Ps 67:1–7; Ps 72:1–20; Ps 74:1–23; Ps 82:1–8; Ps 89:1–18; Ps 94:1–23; Ps 97:1–12; Ps 99:1–9; Ps 101:1–8; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 106:1–23; Ps 107:23–43; Ps 111:1–112:10; Ps 119:81–88; Ps 119:121–128; Ps 119:145–152; Ps 122:1–9; Ps 137:1–9; Ps 140:1–13; Ps 145:1–146:10; Pr 1:1–7; Pr 2:1–22; Pr 8:12–21; Pr 11:1; Pr 11:21; Pr 11:31; Pr 12:5; Pr 16:10–12; Pr 17:5; Pr 18:5; Pr 18:17; Pr 19:5; Pr 19:28; Pr 20:8; Pr 20:26; Pr 21:3; Pr 21:15; Pr 22:22–23; Pr 24:10–12; Pr 24:19–20; Pr 24:23–25; Pr 28:5; Pr 28:21; Pr 29:4; Pr 29:7; Pr 29:14; Pr 29:26; Pr 31:1–9; Is 1:2–31; Is 5:8–30; Is 8:1–10; Is 9:1–7; Is 11:1–16; Is 28:1–22; Is 30:18–26; Is 32:1–8; Is 32:16–33:9; Is 33:17–24; Is 40:1–31; Is 42:1–9; Is 45:14–25; Is 51:1–16; Is 56:1–8; Is 58:1–14; Is 59:9–15; Is 61:1–11; Is 66:14–24; Je 3:6–4:4; Je 5:1–31; Je 7:1–27; Je 9:17–26; Je 10:17–25; Je 11:18–12:4; Je 16:14–17:13; Je 18:1–11; Je 20:7–18; Je 21:11–22:10; Je 23:1–8; Je 32:16–25; Je 33:1–18; Je 51:1–11; Je 51:34–58; La 1:1–22; La 3:43–66; Eze 7:1–27; Eze 18:1–32; Eze 33:12–20; Eze 34:11–31; Eze 44:10–31; Eze 45:6–17; Da 4:34–37; Ho 2:2–23; Ho 4:1–10; Ho 5:1–15; Ho 10:1–15; Ho 11:12–12:14; Am 5:4–6:14; Mic 3:1–4:5; Mic 6:1–8; Na 1:2–15; Hab 1:2–4; Zep 3:1–13; Zec 7:8–8:23; Zec 9:9–10; Mal 2:10–17; Mal 3:13–18; Mt 12:14–21; Mt 20:1–16; Mt 21:28–32; Mt 23:13–36; Lk 1:11–17; Lk 1:39–56; Lk 6:20–26; Lk 11:37–44; Lk 12:54–59; Lk 14:7–14; Lk 16:19–31; Lk 18:1–8; Lk 19:11–27; Jn 5:22–30; Jn 7:14–24; Jn 7:53–8:30; Jn 8:48–59; Jn 18:28–38; Ac 3:11–26; Ac 5:1–11; Ac 10:34–43; Ac 17:22–34; Ac 25:1–12; Ro 1:16–17; Ro 2:1–16; Ro 3:1–8; Ro 3:21–26; Ro 9:14–29; Ro 13:1–7; 1 Co 6:1–11; Ga 6:6–10; Php 4:8–9; 1 Th 2:1–12; 2 Th 1:3–12; 2 Ti 4:6–16; Heb 1:5–14; Heb 6:9–12; Heb 10:26–39; Heb 11:30–40; Heb 12:18–24; 1 Pe 1:13–21; 1 Pe 2:13–25; 1 Jn 1:5–2:2; Re 15:1–16:1; Re 16:4–7; Re 19:1–10;
See also
Topics & Themes