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Judge
Any person having political and military leadership over the Israelites before the monarchy.
Dictionaries
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Judge, Judging
JUDGE, JUDGING. The OT uses several different terms to express the idea of “judge” or “judging.” These occur both as nouns and as verbs.A. The Noun “Judge”1. The Root Špṭ in Akkadian Literature2. The Šāpiṭum, “Judge,” in Extrabiblical Literature3. The Usage of the Root Špṭ in the OT4. The
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Judge
Judge[Heb šōp̱ēṭ (Gen. 18:25; 19:9; Ex. 2:14; etc.), pālîl (Ex. 21:22; Dt. 32:31; Job 31:11), pelîlî (Job 31:28), dayyān (1 S. 24:15 [MT 16]); Aram dînāyēʾ (Ezr. 4:9), dayyān (Ezr. 7:25); Gk. krité̄s, dikasté̄s, krínō]; AV also DINAITES (Ezr. 4:9); NEB also “assessment” (Ex. 21:22),
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Judge
JUDGE An official authorized to decide matters brought before a court. The judge undertook a variety of tasks, mostly in legal and judicial areas, but at times in political areas. In the patriarchal period the elders of the tribes decided disputes. Moses appointed other judges to assist him, taking only
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Judge
judge, a person who has the authority to settle disputes and to restore justice. Judges in Israel always ruled with authority delegated to them by God, who was “the Judge of all the earth” (Gen. 18:25). That said, the manner in which judges operated seems to have varied over time. In the early period
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Judge, Judging
JUDGE, JUDGINGGod As JudgeGod is the supreme and absolute Judge of all the earth (Gen 18:25; Ps 94:2; Rom 3:6). God’s right to be Judge is based primarily on three divine attributes: (1) God’s absolute righteousness (Ps 9:8; 96:13; 98:2, 9); (2) God’s infinite knowledge of the secrets of man’s life
Judge, the
JUDGE, THE. A civil judge or magistrate is first mentioned in Israel under Moses when Jethro suggested that judges be appointed to relieve Moses in his administrative responsibilities (Ex 18:13–26). Subsequently, Israel organized into units within each tribe with a qualified man as judge. These men were
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Judges
JUDGES. The Heb. word (šōp̱ēṭ) means one who dispenses justice, punishing the evil-doer and vindicating the righteous. The corresponding word for ‘judgment’ is used to describe a rule by which he must be guided (Ex. 21:1).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Judge
JudgeThe common Hebrew term for “judge” (šōp̱ēṭ) is a participle form of the verb “decide,” “rule,” “govern,” “vindicate,” “deliver,” and “judge.” The conventional translation “judge” in all contexts conceals nonforensic meanings which reflect other functions of the šōp̱ēṭ.The judges’ duty was
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Judge
Judge (Heb. šōp̱ēṭ).† In a special, technical sense, one of the charismatic leaders who “delivered” Israel or a portion of that entity during the premonarchic period of the Israelite confederation.The term derives from common Semitic špṭ, which means basically “to exercise authority” and thus
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Judge
Judge(Heb. shophet, pl. shophetim), properly a magistrate or ruler, rather than one who judges in the sense of trying a cause. This is the name given to those rulers who presided over the affairs of the Israelites during the interval between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul (Judg. 2:18),
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JUDGE
JUDGE<juj> ([שֹׁפֵט‎, shopheT]; New Testament [δικαστής, dikastes], [κριτής, krites]): In the early patriarchal times the heads of families and the elders of the tribes were the judges (compare Gen 38:24), and their authority was based on custom. In the wilderness Moses alone was the judge until
JUDGING JUDGMENT
JUDGING JUDGMENT<juj’-ing>, <juj’-ment>: Often in the Old Testament for “to act as a magistrate” (Ex 18:13; Dt 1:16; 16:18, etc.), justice being administered generally by “elders” (Ex 18:13-27), or “kings” (1 Sam 8:20) or “priests” (Dt 18:15); applied to God as the Supreme Judge
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Judge (Office)
JUDGE (OFFICE) 1. An official with authority to administer justice by trying cases. 2. One who usurps the prerogative of a judge. 3. A military deliverer in the period between Joshua and David (for this sense, see Judges, Book of).Moses served as the judge of Israel, both deciding between persons and
Holman Treasury of Key Bible Words: 200 Greek and 200 Hebrew Words Defined and Explained
Judge
JudgeHebrew expression: shopetPronunciation: shaw FAHTStrong’s Number: 8199Key VersesGenesis 18:25; Exodus 2:14; Judges 2:18; 11:27Someone who reads the title of the book of Judges will probably be quite surprised to find that the “judges” of Israel were different from our modern-day judges.