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Judas (brother of Jesus)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
One of Jesus’ brothers listed in Mark 6:3 and Matt 13:55. Possibly the author of the Letter of Jude in the New Testament, and if so, the biblical person traditionally known as Jude.The books of Mark and Matthew give an account of Jesus’ miracles in His hometown. The residents scoff and state that they know Jesus’ family, specifically naming His brothers James, Joses (or Joseph), Simon, and Judas. Although these brothers have been assumed to be blood siblings of Jesus, debate on this matter extends back to the early church fathers. Some believed these brothers were either blood relatives of Jesus but not brothers, or children of Joseph through a previous marriage (Keating, Jude, 191). Mark 3:21, 31 indicate Judas was not a follower of Jesus before the crucifixion. Acts 1:14 says Jesus’ brothers were in the Upper Room at Pentecost and 1 Cor 9:5 implies that His brothers were traveling missionaries.Hegesippus provides a story (preserved by Eusebius) of Judas’ descendants being brought before Domitian as political enemies. Upon examining them, Domitian releases them and orders the persecution of the church to stop. These grandsons go on to become church leaders until Trajan’s reign (Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 3.19).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Judas, Brother of Jesus
Judas, Brother of Jesus (Ιούδας, Ioudas). One of Jesus’ brothers listed in Mark 6:3 and Matt 13:55. Possibly the author of the Letter of Jude in the New Testament, and if so, the biblical person traditionally known as Jude.The books of Mark and Matthew give an account of Jesus’ miracles in His hometown.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Judas (Person)
JUDAS (PERSON) [Gk Ioudas (Ἰουδας)]. Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah.1. See JUDAS MACCABEUS.2. Son of Chalphi, and a commander of the army of Jonathan, who along with Mattathias the son of Absalom, remained faithful to Jonathan when the rest of his army deserted him (1 Macc 11:70). At the outset
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Judas
Judas. 1. Simon’s son, surnamed Iscariot; one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. The derivation of Iscariot is uncertain. In all probability it designated the place of his birth—the town of Kerioth. His childhood home was perhaps Kerioth of Moab, east of the Jordan (Jer 48:24; Am 2:2), or Kerioth-hezron of
Jude, The Lord’s Brother
Jude, The Lord’s Brother. Joseph and Mary’s son, and the brother of Jesus, James, Joseph, and Simon according to Matthew 13:55 and Mark 6:3 (kjv Juda), where he is called Judas. He should not be confused with Judas the apostle (cf. Lk 6:16; Jn 14:22; Acts 1:13), for Jude and his brothers evidently rejected
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Judas
6. One of the brothers of Jesus (Mt. 13:55; Mk. 6:3). See Brothers of the Lord; Jude, Epistle of II.
Jude
Jude joo̅d [Gk. Ioudas]. A man usually said to be a brother of Jesus and author of the Epistle of Jude. See Jude, Epistle of.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Judas
JUDAS1. Simon’s son, surnamed Iscariot; one of the 12 disciples of Jesus. The derivation of Iscariot is uncertain. In all probability it designated the place of his birth, the town of Kerioth. His childhood home was perhaps Kerioth of Moab, east of the Jordan (Jer 48:24; Am 2:2), or Kerioth-hezron of
Jude (Person)
JUDE (Person) Brother of James and author of the general epistle named Jude. Jude is the English form of the Greek name Judas (Hebrew Judah). Most scholars think Jude was the brother of Jesus called Judas. See Judas #2.See also Brothers of Jesus; Jude, Letter of.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Judas
Judas (joo´duhs; Gk. for Heb. Judah).1 Judas Maccabeus, the third of the five sons of Mattathias. The nickname Maccabeus, which was also used for his followers (the Maccabees), probably derives from a word for “hammer.” After Antiochus IV Epiphanes polluted the temple in 167 bce, Mattathias moved with
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Judas
JUDAS. The name is so spelled in the NT after Gr. Ioudas, for the Heb. name Judah (q.v.). The latter comes from the Heb. root yādâ meaning “to give thanks, laud, praise.”1. Judah the son of Jacob and father of the tribe that was known by that name (Gen 35:23), called Judas in NT (Mt 1:2–3).2. Judas
Jude
JUDE. Called Judas in the Gr. It is a striking fact that the writer of the last NT letter, the epistle of the apostasy, should have borne the same name as the traitor and greatest apostate, last named of the Twelve (Mt 10:4).As “brother of James,” the Lord’s brother (Jude 1; Gal 1:19), Jude was also
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Judas
JUDAS. 1. The Lord’s brother (Mt. 13:55 = Mk. 6:3). Perhaps the author of the Epistle of *Jude, who styles himself ‘brother of James’ (*Brethren of the Lord).2. The son of James, and one of the Twelve (Lk. 6:16), called also Lebbaeus (Mt. 10:3, av) and Thaddaeus (Mk. 3:18), who asked Jesus a question
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Judas
Judas (Gk. Ioúdas)1. The son of Chalphi; a commander in the army of Jonathan who with Mattathias remained with Jonathan while all others fled in the ambush at Hazor (1 Macc. 11:70).2. A son of Simon Maccabeus and brother of John Hyrcanus. Together Judas and John defeated the Seleucid Cendebeus (1
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Judas
JUDAS (Greek form of Judah) The name of several men in the Bible.1. Son of Chalphi. He was a commander in the army of Jonathan Maccabeus (1 Macc 11:70).2. The son of Simon Maccabeus (1 Macc 16:2). He was murdered with his father and brother Mattathias at a banquet at Dok hosted by Ptolemy, the governor
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Jude
JudeThe letter of Jude is the last letter in what has become known as the “catholic,” or “general letters,” of the NT (i.e., James through Jude; Webb 1992). In this letter Jude warns his readers about false teachers and exhorts them to defend the faith. Rowston (1975) is correct in lamenting that Jude
See also
Relatives
Joseph Father
Mary Mother
Jesus Brother
James Brother
James Brother
Joses Brother
Simon Brother
Roles