The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Judaism The oldest of the world’s three major monotheist faiths, whose beliefs and practices are based on the Hebrew Bible.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
JUDAISM. This entry consists of 7 articles surveying Judaism from the time of the Babylonian exile (586 b.c.e.) to the Mishnaic period and beyond (ca. 3d century c.e.). The 1st article provides a broad survey of the diversity of Judaisms that flourished in the Greco-Roman period, both in Palestine and
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Judaism. Religion and culture of the Jewish people from the beginning of the postexilic period (538 bc) to modern times. The term “Judaism” is derived from “Judah,” the name of the southern kingdom of ancient Israel, while “Jew” is a shortened form of “Judeans.”
Israel, Religion of
Israel, Religion of. Jewish conduct as related to God. It concerns the outward acts or forms by which men recognize and serve their deity. The term comes from the Latin religio, which originally referred to reverence for the gods, or the fear of the gods, rather than to a system of religious belief based
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Judaism joo̅ʹdi-iz-əm, joo̅ʹdaīz-əm [Gk. Ioudaismos]. The cultus and culture of the Jewish people, including political and social as well as strictly religious aspects. This term indicates that Judah rather than Israel figured in the reconstruction of the nation’s life after the Babylonian captivity.
Religions of the Biblical World: Judaism
Religions of the Biblical World: Judaism The religious system of the Jews, based on the precepts of the OT (the Hebrew Bible, sometimes called the tenaḵ, acronym from tôrâ [Law], neḇîʾîm [Prophets], and keṯûḇîm [Writings]), and the traditions of the rabbis preserved in the Talmud. I. Background
Israel, Religion of
Israel, Religion ofThis article describes the development of the faith and religious practices held within that circle of the patriarchal seed from which the normative OT canon emerged. Thus no attempt is made here to present the pagan religious convictions occasionally embraced by the mass of the
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
JUDAISM Religion and culture of the Jewish people from the beginning of the postexilic period (538 bc) to modern times. The term “Judaism” is derived from “Judah,” the name of the southern kingdom of ancient Israel, while “Jew” is a shortened form of “Judeans.”The Period of the Second Temple (515 bc
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Judaism (joo´duh-iz-uhm), the religion of the Jewish people. The term itself is never found in the Hebrew Bible, which was written in a context in which Israelite faith and tradition was not yet conceived as a “religion.” The term first occurs in 2 Macc. 2:21, where Judas Maccabeus and his supporters
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
JUDAISM. When one defines Judaism as ‘the religion of the Jews’, i.e. their faith and their practice, one must ask which historical era is in view, for the religion of the Jews has changed through the centuries. The religion of the Patriarchs in the book of Genesis, that of the era of the Sinaitic Covenant
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Jews, Judaism
Jews, JudaismThe roughly 600-year Second Temple period is framed by the destruction of the First Temple (to be rebuilt ca. 520–515 b.c.e.) and the Babylonian Exile of 586, on the one side, and the destruction of the Second Temple in the course of a Jewish revolt against Rome in 66–73 c.e., on the other.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Jew, Judaism
JEW (Heb. yehûḏî; Aram. yehûḏay, yehûḏāyē˒; Gk.Ioudaios), JUDAISM (Gk. Ioudaïsmos).* Originally a gentilic noun derived from Judah (Heb. yehûḏâ), the name of a son of Jacob and Leah, the tribe named for him, and the kingdom of Judah. The Hebrew term for Judahite(s) was used before
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
JudaismIn every period of its history Judaism has been rooted in the notion that Israel* is chosen. Indeed, the perennial paradox in the study of Judaism is that the notion of election is more persistent than any definition of what Israel might be. We might be thinking of an extended family of Aramaeans
Dictionary of New Testament Background
JUDAISM AND THE NEW TESTAMENTJudaism in antiquity is a complex phenomenon, involving religious, social, economic, historical and ethnic aspects of the life of a people whose influence has greatly exceeded their power.That influence is most obvious today in the literary remains of ancient Judaism, canonical
Angels of the Nations
ANGELS OF THE NATIONSEarly Jewish understandings of the spiritual world included the notion of particular angels in authority over the nations. This basic understanding, though variously conceived, finds its roots in the Jewish Scriptures.1. Jewish Scriptures2. Early Jewish and Rabbinic Literature
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Judaism, Post-A.D. 70
Judaism, Post-a.d. 70Traditional Judaism began to take shape in the aftermath of the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in a.d. 70. With the destruction of the temple and fading hopes of rebuilding it, Jewish faith could no longer be centered around the temple and the priesthood. At the time of